Iowa Women's Hall of Fame

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Mamie Eisenhower

The Iowa Women's Hall of Fame was created to acknowledge the accomplishments of female role models associated with the U.S. state of Iowa, and is an endeavor of the Iowa Commission on the Status of Women (ICSW). In 1972, the state of Iowa created the ICSW to oversee women's issues, with Wilson, Cristine SwansonCristine Swanson Wilson as its first chair.[1] During Women's History Month every March, the ICSW sponsors a public "Write Women Back into History Essay Contest".[2] Since the Hall of Fame's beginnings in 1975, four annual nominees are inducted by the ICSW and the Governor of Iowa in a public ceremony. The event is held on Women's Equality Day, which commemorates the August 26, 1920 ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution that gave women the right to vote. The honorees are nominated by the public via online forms available on the ICSW website.[3] The ICSW also created the annual "Cristine Wilson Medal for Equality and Justice" in 1982. Wilson was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1989.[1][4]

The initial inductees were Iowa's first female Secretary of State Miller, Ola BabcockOla Babcock Miller, who created the Iowa State Patrol;[5][6] president and founding member of Iowa Woman Suffrage Association, Bloomer, Amelia JenksAmelia Jenks Bloomer;[7] president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and founder of the League of Women Voters, Catt, Carrie ChapmanCarrie Chapman Catt;[8][9] and Wittenmyer, AnnieAnnie Wittenmyer who founded the Women's Christian Temperance Union, formed an aid society to support Union Army soldiers during the Civil War, as well as helped to pass pension legislation for nurses in that same war.[10]

In the ensuing years, the Hall of Fame ranks were joined by women from all walks of life. As of the 2011 inductee ceremonies, there have been 148 women inducted.[11] The list of inductees includes civil rights pioneers, global issues leaders, community volunteer workers, elected officials, artists, the medical profession and a large cornucopia of contributions by the state's women. Two First Ladies of the United States, Hoover, Lou HenryLou Henry Hoover[12] and Eisenhower, Mamie DoudMamie Doud Eisenhower[13] were added in 1987 and 1993 respectively. Environmental preservationist Black, Gladys B.Gladys B. Black made the list in 1985.[14] Mycologist Tiffany, Lois HatteryLois Hattery Tiffany was added in 1991 for her career of educating the public about mushrooms.[15] The military is represented by Women's Army Corps veteran Cunningham, RosaRosa Cunningham[16] in 1980 and by former United States Army Judge Advocate General officer Fowle, Phyllis L. ProppPhyllis L. Propp Fowle in 2001.[17] Vietnam War era anti-war activist Mullen, Margaret "Peg"Margaret "Peg" Mullen was inducted in 1997.[18] Pulitzer Prize winner Glaspell, SusanSusan Glaspell was a 1976 inductee.[19] Engle, Hualing NiehHualing Nieh Engle, who in 1976 was co-nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize, became a Hall of Fame inductee in 2008.[20] Cattle breeder Garst, MaryMary Garst[21] was added in 1981. Several women farmers are on the list, and added in 2001was attorney Hughes, Phyllis JosephinePhyllis Josephine Hughes[22] who had also been honored by Pope John Paul II for her legal assistance to the farm community.

Inductees[edit]

Iowa Women's Hall of Fame
Name Image Birth–Death Year Area of achievement
Adams, Mary NewburyMary Newbury Adams Mary Newberry Adams - History of Iowa.jpg (1837–1901) 1981 Founded Northern Iowa Suffrage Association, founded Iowa Federation of Women's Clubs[23]
Addington, JuliaJulia Addington (1829–1875) 2010 Elected 1869 Superintendent of Schools in Mitchell County, first woman in Iowa elected to office[24]
Aldrich, Bess StreeterBess Streeter Aldrich (1881–1954) 1998 Author[25]
Anderson, Julia FaltinsonJulia Faltinson Anderson (1919–) 1993 Global community worker, included involvement with the Peace Corps and UNESCO[26]
Anderson, Peg StairPeg Stair Anderson (1928–) 1982 State chair Iowa Women's Political Caucus, served on numerous boards and commissions[27]
Anderson, Ruth BlufordRuth Bluford Anderson (1921–) 1982 Author, university professor, civic leader[28]
Axel, Joan UrennJoan Urenn Axel (1943–) 2008 Lawyer, civic leader; founding member of the Carrie Chapman Catt Center for Women in Politics[29]
Bedell, VirginiaVirginia Bedell (1895–1975) 1983 First United States female serving on a regularly appointed parole board[30]
Benson, Mildred WirtMildred Wirt Benson (1905–2002) 1994 Children's author who helped develop Nancy Drew books; pilot and journalist[31]
Beran, Janice AnnJanice Ann Beran 1998 Educator, community and church leader[32]
Berg, Mary JayleneMary Jaylene Berg (1950–) 1999 Professor of pharmacy, advocate of women in health careers and pharmacy[33]
Binford, JessieJessie Binford (1876–1966) 1977 Juvenile Protection Association leadership, social worker and advocate for Hull House[34]
Black, Gladys B.Gladys B. Black (1909–) 1985 Ornithologist and environmental preservationist[14]
Bloomer, Amelia JenksAmelia Jenks Bloomer AmeliaBloomer-sig.png (1818–1894) 1975 President and founding member of Iowa Woman Suffrage Association[7]
Boatwright, Barbara MoormanBarbara Moorman Boatwright (1924–) 2008 Worked to help women run for political office; helped bring global peacemakers to Iowa; Boatwright Political Action Award established in her name by the Iowa Association of Social Workers.[35]
Brown, Sue M. WilsonSue M. Wilson Brown (1877–1941) 1995 Civil rights advocate[36]
Bruner, Charlotte HughesCharlotte Hughes Bruner (1917–1999) 1997 Pioneer for African women writers[37]
Buchanan, Fannie R.Fannie R. Buchanan (1875–1957) 1984 Music promoter and organizer[38]
scope="row" | Campbell, BonnieBonnie Campbell (1948–) 2002 32nd Iowa Attorney General[39]
Campos, Mary E. DominguesMary E. Domingues Campos (1929–) 1995 Human rights advocate[40]
Catt, Carrie ChapmanCarrie Chapman Catt Carrie Chapman Catt.jpg (1859–1947) 1975 President of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, founder of the League of Women Voters[8][9]
Chapman, Mary Louise SconiersMary Louise Sconiers Chapman (1948–) 2013 First woman to be the executive dean at Des Moines Area Community College
Clark, Betty Jean "Beje" WalkerBetty Jean "Beje" Walker Clark (1920–) 2000 Public service, Beje Clark Residentia Center bears her name[41]
Clarke, Mary FrancesMary Frances Clarke (1803–1887) 1984 Founder of the Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary[42]
Coggeshall, Mary JaneMary Jane Coggeshall (1836–1937) 1990 Carrie Chapman Catt nicknamed Coggeshall "The Mother of Woman's Suffrage in Iowa"[43]
Conlin, Judith A.Judith A. Conlin 2012 Educator and co-founder of the Iowa Women's Studies Association
Conlin, Roxanne BartonRoxanne Barton Conlin Roxanne Conlin crop.jpg (1944–) 1981 U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Iowa, Assistant Attorney General of Iowa[44]
Corning, Joy ColeJoy Cole Corning (1932–) 2004 44th Lieutenant Governor of Iowa[45]
Cothorn, Marguerite EstersMarguerite Esters Cothorn (1909–1999) 1986 African American musician and civic leader[46]
Cunningham, RosaRosa Cunningham 1980 Served in the Women's Army Corps in World War II, women's rights advocate[16]
Cutler, Lynn GermainLynn Germain Cutler (1938–) 1998 Political worker and organizer[47]
Davidson, Jolly Ann HortonJolly Ann Horton Davidson 1987 Educator, member of various public broadcasting boards and committees[48]
Davis, Evelyn K. ScottEvelyn K. Scott Davis 1983 Advocate early childhood education[49]
Day, JacquelineJacqueline Day (1918–2002) 1978 Civic leader, public relations officer for Veterans Administration, part of Congressional fact finding team to Vietnam during war[50]
Dieken, GertrudeGertrude Dieken (1910–2002) 1995 Economist, journalist[51]
Delworth, UrsulaUrsula Delworth (1934–2000) 2001 Psychologist, academian[52]
Doderer, MinnetteMinnette Doderer (1923–) 1979 Iowa House of Representatives, advocate for women's rights[53]
Dunkel, Nancy A.Nancy A. Dunkel (1955–) 2011 Banking industry, mentor to women in business[54]
Edmunds, A. LillianA. Lillian Edmunds (1892–1955) 1988 African American advocate for children and youth[55]
Eichjacker, LoisLois Eichjacker (1932–) 1994 Advocate for disadvantaged, advocate for economic development[56]
Eisenhower, Mamie DoudMamie Doud Eisenhower Mamie Eisenhower color photo portrait, White House, May 1954.jpg (1896–1979) 1993 First Lady of the United States[13]
Engle, Hualing NiehHualing Nieh Engle (1925–) 2008 Novelist, poet, nominated (with her husband) for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1976[20]
Evans, Mary AnnMary Ann Evans (1993–) 2004 co-founder Iowa State University's International Women in Science and Engineering, and ISU Program for Women in Science and Engineering[57]
Everett, Beverly GeorgeBeverly George Everett (1926–2001) 1983 Advocate for women's equality[58]
Eyerly, JeanetteJeanette Eyerly (1908–2008) 2006 Young adult fiction writer[59]
Findlay, Rosa Maria Escudé deRosa Maria Escudé de Findlay (1936–) 1999 Latino rights advocate[60]
Findley, Diana L.Diana L. Findley (1948–) 2003 Established Iowa CareGivers Association[61]
Fleming, Merle WilnaMerle Wilna Fleming (1926–2006) 1990 Civil rights and education reform[62]
Follon, Sue EllenSue Ellen Follon (1942–1998) 2002 Executive director Iowa Commission on Status of Women[63]
Fowle, Phyllis L. ProppPhyllis L. Propp Fowle (1908–2000) 2001 First female in the United States Army to serve as an officer with the Judge Advocate General, and the only female in that position deployed overseas in World War II[17]
Fowler, Gwendolyn WilsonGwendolyn Wilson Fowler (1907–1997) 1987 First licensed African American woman pharmacist in Iowa[64]
Francis, May E.May E. Francis (1880–1968) 2003 Educator and author of Jim Bowie's Lost Mine [65]
Furgerson, Betty JeanBetty Jean Furgerson 1990 Advocate for leadership skills, human rights, civil rights[66]
Gaines, Ruth AnnRuth Ann Gaines (1947–) 2007 Educator, created Sisters for Success mentoring program. Inductee of National Teachers Hall of Fame and Iowa African American Hall of Fame[67]
Garst, MaryMary Garst (1928–) 1981 Cattle breeder, state director Iowa Beef Improvement Assn, president Iowa Simmental Cattle Assn, served on many organizations, including League of Women Voters, Planned Parenthood of Iowa, and Iowa Children's and Family Services.[21]
Glanton, Willie StevensonWillie Stevenson Glanton 1986 First African American woman elected to the Iowa State Legislature[68]
Glaspell, SusanSusan Glaspell Alison's House by Susan Glaspell 1938.jpg (1876–1948) 1976 1931 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, Alison's House [19]
Grant, Christine H. B.Christine H. B. Grant (1936–) 2006 University of Iowa Athletics Hall of Fame, Athlete and athletic director, University of Iowa [69]
Grefe, MaryMary Grefe (1928–) 1980 Educator, consultant[70]
Griffin, Edna M.Edna M. Griffin (1909–2000) 1985 1948 State of Iowa v. Katz, civil rights landmark ruling[71]
Hammond, Johnnie WrightJohnnie Wright Hammond (1932–) 2005 Politician, civic leader[72]
Harper, VirginiaVirginia Harper (1929–1997) 1992 African American pioneer of integration[73]
Harvat, Emma J.Emma J. Harvat (1870–1949) 2007 Pioneer in government service; Emma J. Harvat and Mary E. Stach House is on the NRHP in Johnson County[74]
Hayden, AdaAda Hayden (1884–1950) 2007 Botanist who added 10,000 specimens to the state herbarium[75]
Henderson, Helen BrownHelen Brown Henderson 1992 Advocate for the mentally challenged[76]
Hernandez, Teresa MarieTeresa Marie Hernandez (1956–) 2012 Director of the Chrysalis Foundation
Hill, Nancy MariaNancy Maria Hill (1833–1919) 1989 Civil War nurse who became a doctor; advocated for pregnant women and children[77]
Hills, Cora BusseyCora Bussey Hills (1858–1924) 1976 Helped organize the Iowa Child Welfare Association[78]
Hilton, Helen LeBaronHelen LeBaron Hilton (1910–1993) 1983 Public service[79]
Hogrefe, PearlPearl Hogrefe (1889–1977) 1982 Scholar, author, educator[80]
Hoover, Lou HenryLou Henry Hoover Louhenryhoover.jpg (1874–1944) 1987 First Lady of the United States[12]
Houghton, DorothyDorothy Houghton (1890–1972) 1978 Director of the Office of Refugees, Migratory and Voluntary Assistance during the Eisenhower Administration[81]
Hughes, Phyllis JosephinePhyllis Josephine Hughes (1912–) 2001 Honored by Pope John Paul II for legal aid to farmers; Democratic Party activist; novelist[22]
Jones, Mabel LossingMabel Lossing Jones (1878–1978) 1991 Educator spent her career teaching in India as the request of the Methodist Episcopal Church[82]
Jordan, Alice YostAlice Yost Jordan (1916–) 2002 Musical composer[83]
Judge, PattyPatty Judge Patty Judge.jpg (1943–) 2013 46th Lieutenant Governor of Iowa and Secretary of Agriculture for Iowa
Kerber, Linda K.Linda K. Kerber (1940–) 2009 Historian[84]
Kramer, Mary E.Mary E. Kramer Mary E. Kramer - Official Portrait - 80th GA.jpg (1940–) 2009 Iowa State Senator[85]
LaBlanc, BrendaBrenda LaBlanc (1928–) 2005 Advocate for low-income needy[86]
Lawther, Anna B.Anna B. Lawther (1872–1957) 1985 Advocate for voting rights, women's education[87]
Le Sueur, MeridelMeridel Le Sueur Audre Lorde, Meridel Lesueur, Adrienne Rich 1980.jpg (1900–1996) 1996 Writer[88]
Lee, MabelMabel Lee (1886–1985) 1979 Physical education[89]
Liffring-Zug Bourret, JoanJoan Liffring-Zug Bourret (1929–) 1996 Photo journalist who documented 1950s civil rights movement in Cedar Rapids[90]
Lloyd-Jones, Jean HallJean Hall Lloyd-Jones (1929–) 2003 Iowa Senate, Iowa House of Representatives[91]
Lummer, Twila ParkerTwila Parker Lummer 1988 Advocate of care and education for pregnant teenagers[92]
Lundby, MaryMary Lundby Mary A. Lundby - Official Portrait - 82nd GA.jpg (1948–2009) 2010 Iowa State Senator[93]
Mack, Barbara MarieBarbara Marie Mack (1952–2012) 2013 Journalism professor at Iowa State University; first female corporate secretary and general counsel for the Des Moines Register and Tribune
Mansfield, ArabellaArabella Mansfield Arabella mansfield.jpg (1846–1911) 1980 First female lawyer in the United States[94]
McCormick-Ohnemus, Adeline LavonneAdeline Lavonne McCormick-Ohnemus (1921–1996) 2009 Osteopath, rural doctor and county Medical Examiner[95]
McGhee, Jacqueline EasleyJacqueline Easley McGhee 2011 Community activist[96]
Miller, Ola BabcockOla Babcock Miller (1872–1937) 1975 First female Iowa Secretary of State; instituted the Iowa State Patrol; Ola Babcock Miller Building named in her honor[5][6]
Mullen, Margaret "Peg"Margaret "Peg" Mullen (1917–2009) 1997 Vietnam War era anti-war activist[18]
Murphy, Marilyn O.Marilyn O. Murphy 1988 Volunteerism; civic leader[97]
Murray, Alice Van WertAlice Van Wert Murray (1912–) 1985 Farmer, community leadership, National Safety Council, Associated Country Women of the World Conference, Living History Farms[98]
Murray, Janette StevensonJanette Stevenson Murray (1874–1967) 1996 Educator, voting rights for women, civic leader[99]
Nash, Ruth ColeRuth Cole Nash (1922–) 2004 Social activist, patron of the arts[100]
Nelson, Charlotte BowersCharlotte Bowers Nelson (1931–) 2011 Civic leader[101]
Noun, Louise RosenfieldLouise Rosenfield Noun (1908–2002) 1981 Community activist, patron of the arts[102]
O'Brien, DeniseDenise O'Brien (1949–) 2000 Organic farmer; founder of Women, Food and Agriculture Network, represented farmers at the United Nations, serves on many coalitions representing rural women [103]
Odell, Mary Jane NevilleMary Jane Neville Odell (1923–) 1979 Broadcaster[104]
Parker, Jessie M.Jessie M. Parker (1879–1959) 1986 Educator[105]
Paul, Dorothy Marion BoulerisDorothy Marion Bouleris Paul 2006 Human rights[106]
Pederson, Sally J.Sally J. Pederson Sally Pederson.jpg (1951–) 2004 45th Lieutenant Governor of Iowa[107]
Pellegreno, Ann Dearing HoltgrenAnn Dearing Holtgren Pellegreno (1937–) 2001 Musician[108]
Pendray, CarolynCarolyn Pendray (1881–1958) 1978 Iowa House of Representatives; first female in the state legislature[109]
Petersen, Mary LouiseMary Louise Petersen 1984 Volunteerism[110]
Putnam, Mary Louise DuncanMary Louise Duncan Putnam (1832–1903) 1991 helped develop the Davenport Academy of Sciences[111]
Riley, Glenda GatesGlenda Gates Riley 1990 Historian, women's advocate[112]
Rosenfeld, LouiseLouise Rosenfeld (1906–) 1979 USDAHome economics extension agent[113]
Rubenstein, Eve SchmollEve Schmoll Rubenstein 1992 Broadcaster[114]
Ruedy, ShirleyShirley Ruedy (1936–) 2002 Journalist[115]
Rush, Gertrude DurdenGertrude Durden Rush (1880–1962) 1994 First African American female lawyer in Iowa[116]
Russell, Marilyn A.Marilyn A. Russell (1932–2007) 2008 Executive Director of Visiting Nurses in Des Moines[117]
Sackett, Edith Rose MurphyEdith Rose Murphy Sackett (1901–1987) 1984 Volumteerism[118]
Samuelson, AgnesAgnes Samuelson (1897–1963) 1976 Educator[119]
Savery, Annie NowlinAnnie Nowlin Savery (1831–1891) 1997 Women's suffrage[120]
Sayre, Ruth BuxtonRuth Buxton Sayre (1896–1980) 1976 Farm spokeswoman, co-founder Association Country Women of the World, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Dwight D. Eisenhower both appointed her to Presidential positions.[121]
Schechter, SusanSusan Schechter (1946–2004) 2005 Social worker[122]
Schramm, DorothyDorothy Schramm 1986 Global affairs[123]
Shambaugh, Jessie FieldJessie Field Shambaugh (1881–1971) 1977 Known as "The mother of 4-H clubs"[124]
Sievers, Georgia RogersGeorgia Rogers Sievers 1989 Community activist[125]
Sloss, Margaret WraggMargaret Wragg Sloss (1901–1979) 2006 Veterinary medicine[126]
Smith, Ida B. WiseIda B. Wise Smith (1871–1952) 1977 Suffragette, National president Women's Christian Temperance Union, served on White House Conference on Child Health and Protection during Herbert Hoover administration.[127]
Smith, Jeanne MontgomeryJeanne Montgomery Smith (1917–) 1982 Physician[128]
Smith, Mary LouiseMary Louise Smith (1914–1977) 1977 Republican Party worker[129]
Staples, Marilyn EMarilyn E Staples (1926–) 1991 Volunteerism[130]
Stein, Helen NavranHelen Navran Stein (1923–2010) 1999 Neighborhood cooperation, working with the blind[131]
Stevens, Rowena EdsonRowena Edson Stevens (1852–1918) 1995 Women's suffrage[132]
Stinson, LynLyn Stinson 2009 Community activist[133]
Suckow, RuthRuth Suckow (1892–1960) 1978 Author[134]
Sudlow, Phebe W.Phebe W. Sudlow Phebe Sudlow.jpg (1831–1922) 1993 Educator[135]
Sullivan, Sister Patricia ClareSister Patricia Clare Sullivan 1988 Health care[136]
Sutton, Ruby L.Ruby L. Sutton (1932–) 2010 African American civil rights worker, community civic activist[137]
Swain, Adeline MorrisonAdeline Morrison Swain (1820–1899) 2000 Women's rights[138]
Swanson, Margaret BoeyeMargaret Boeye Swanson (1919–) 2000 Volunteerism[139]
Swenson, Ruth WildmanRuth Wildman Swenson 1989 Scientist, encouraging women to enter science professions[140]
Szymoniak, Elaine EisfelderElaine Eisfelder Szymoniak Szymoniak, Elaine color.jpg (1920–2009) 1999 Iowa State Senator [141]
Tiffany, Lois HatteryLois Hattery Tiffany 1991 Mycologist, educating the public on mushrooms[15]
Toomey, Margaret MaryMargaret Mary Toomey (1937–) 2003 Volunteerism[142]
Turner, Deborah AnnDeborah Ann Turner (1950–) 2013 First African American woman to be certified by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology in gynecologic oncology
Villines, Evelyne JobeEvelyne Jobe Villines (1930–) 1994 Political activist[143]
Walker, Nellie VerneNellie Verne Walker (1874–1973) 1987 Sculptor[144]
Wanatee, Jean Adeline MorganJean Adeline Morgan Wanatee (1910–) 1993 First woman elected to the Meskwaki tribal council[145]
Webb, Beulah E.Beulah E. Webb (1895–) 1997 African American civic organizer[146]
Welch, Mary BeaumontMary Beaumont Welch (1841–) 1992 Women's rights, home economics[147]
White, Maude EstherMaude Esther White (1913–) 1998 Educator, volunteer[148]
Williams, Catherine G.Catherine G. Williams (1914–) 1980 Social worker[149]
Wilson, Cristine SwansonCristine Swanson Wilson 1989 Women's rights[1]
Wimer, ConnieConnie Wimer (1932–) 2007 Community leader, publisher, business woman[150]
Wittenmyer, AnnieAnnie Wittenmyer Annie Wittenmyer.jpg (1827–1900) 1975 Established the Keokuk Ladies' Soldiers' Aid Society to assist Union Army soldiers during the Civil War. Assisted with passage of an 1892 bill to give pensions to Civil War nurses. Founder and President of the Women's Christian Temperance Union.[10][151]
Wood, Mary EMary E Wood (1902–1998) 1996 Business leader, YWCA executive[152]
Wood, Mildred Hope FisherMildred Hope Fisher Wood (1920–) 2011 Physician, learning disabilities[153]
Yanney, ChareseCharese Yanney (1949–) 2010 Business woman, fund raiser and civic leader, helped launch Women's Power Lunch and Women United[154]
Zimmerman, Jo Ann McIntoseJo Ann McIntose Zimmerman Jo Ann Zimmerman.jpg (1936–) 2005 43rd Lieutenant Governor of Iowa[155]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Cristine Swanson Wilson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Women's History". ICSW. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Iowa Women's Hall of Fame". ICSW. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Cristine Wilson Medal for Equality and Justice Recipients". ICSW. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Ola Babcock Miller". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Iowa State Patrol". State of Iowa. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Amelia Jenks Bloomer". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Carrie Chapman Catt". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "League of Women Voters History". League of Women Voters. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b Heidler, David Stephen; Heidler, Jeanne T; McPherson, James M. (2002). Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 2141, 2142. ISBN 978-0-393-04758-5. 
  11. ^ "Hall of Fame alphabetical list". Iowa Women's Hall of Fame. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "Lou Henry Hoover". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b "Mamie Doud Eisenhower". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "Gladys B. Black". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  15. ^ a b "Lois Hattery Tiffany". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Rosa Cunningham". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "Phyllis Propp Fowle". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  18. ^ a b "Peg Mullen". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  19. ^ a b "Susan Glaspell". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  20. ^ a b "Hualing Nieh Engle". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  21. ^ a b "Mary Garst". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "Phyllis Josephine Hughes". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Mary Newbury Adams". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Julia Addinton". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Bess Streeter Aldrich". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Julia Faltinson Anderson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Peg Stair Anderson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Ruth Bluford Anderson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Joan Urenn Axel". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Virginia Bedell". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Mildred Benson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  32. ^ "Janice Ann Beran". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Mary Jaylene Berg". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  34. ^ "Jessie Binford". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Barrbara Moorman Boatwright". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Sue M. Wilson Brown". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  37. ^ "Charlotte Hughes Bruner". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Fannie R. Buchanan". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Bonnie Campbell". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  40. ^ "Mary Campos". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  41. ^ "Betty Jean Walker Clark". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Mary Frances Clarke". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  43. ^ "Mary Jane Coggeshall". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  44. ^ "Roxanne Conlin". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Joy Corning". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Marguerite Esters Colthorn". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Lynn Germain Cutler". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  48. ^ "Jolly Davidson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  49. ^ "Evelyn Davis". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  50. ^ "Jacqueline Day". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  51. ^ "Gertrude Dieken". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  52. ^ "Ursula Delworth". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  53. ^ "Minnette Doderer". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  54. ^ "Nancy Dunkel". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  55. ^ "A. Lillian Edmunds". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  56. ^ "Lois Eichacker". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  57. ^ "Mary Ann Evans". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  58. ^ "Beverly Beth George Everett". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  59. ^ "Jeanette Eyerly". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  60. ^ "Rosa Maria Escudé de Findlay". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  61. ^ "Diana L. Findley". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  62. ^ "Merle Wilna Fleming". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  63. ^ "Sue Ellen Follon". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  64. ^ "Gwendolyn Wilson Fowler". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  65. ^ "May E. Francis". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  66. ^ "Betty Jean Furgerson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  67. ^ "Ruth Ann Gaines". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  68. ^ "Willie Stevenson Glanton". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  69. ^ "Christine Grant". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  70. ^ "Mary Grefe". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  71. ^ "Edna Griffin". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  72. ^ "Johnnie Wright Hammond". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  73. ^ "Virginia Harper". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  74. ^ "Emma J. Harvat". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  75. ^ "Ada Hayden". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  76. ^ "Helen Brown Henderson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  77. ^ "Nancy Maria Hill". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  78. ^ "Cora Bussey Hills". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  79. ^ "Helen LeBaron Hilton". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  80. ^ "Pearl Hogrefe". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  81. ^ "Dorothy Houghton". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  82. ^ "Mabel Lossing Jones". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  83. ^ "Alice Yost Jordan". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  84. ^ "Linda K. Kerber". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  85. ^ "Mary Kramer". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  86. ^ "Brenda LaBlanc". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  87. ^ "Anna B. Lawther". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  88. ^ "Meridel Le Sueur". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  89. ^ "Mabel Lee". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  90. ^ "Joan Liffring-Zug Bourret". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  91. ^ "Jean Lloyd-Jones". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  92. ^ "Twila Parker Lummer". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  93. ^ "Mary Lundby". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  94. ^ "Arabella Mansfield". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  95. ^ "Adeline Lavonne McCormick-Ohnemus". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  96. ^ "Jacqueline McGhee". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  97. ^ "Joan Marilyn O. Murphy". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  98. ^ "Alice Van Wert Murray". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  99. ^ "Janette Stevenson Murray". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  100. ^ "Ruth Cole Nash". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  101. ^ "Charlotte Bowers Nelson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  102. ^ "Louise Rosenfield Noun". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  103. ^ "Denise O'Brien". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  104. ^ "Mary Jane Neville Odell". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  105. ^ "Jessie M. Parker". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  106. ^ "Dorothy Paul". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  107. ^ "Sally Pederson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  108. ^ "Ann Pellegreno". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  109. ^ "Carolyn Pendray". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  110. ^ "Mary Louise Petersen". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  111. ^ "Mary Louise Duncan Putnam". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  112. ^ "Glenda Gates Riley". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  113. ^ "Louise Rosenfeld". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  114. ^ "Eve Schmoll Rubenstein". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  115. ^ "Shirley Ruedy". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  116. ^ "Gertrude Rush". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  117. ^ "Marilyn A. Russell". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  118. ^ "Edith Sackett". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  119. ^ "Agnes Samuelson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  120. ^ "Annie Nowlin Savery". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  121. ^ "Ruth Buxton Sayre". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  122. ^ "Susan Schechter". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  123. ^ "Dorothy Schramm". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  124. ^ "Jessie Field Shambaugh". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  125. ^ "Georgia Rogers Sievers". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  126. ^ "Margaret Wragg Sloss". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  127. ^ "Ida B. Wise Smith". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  128. ^ "Jeanne Montgomery Smith". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  129. ^ "Mary Louise Smith". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  130. ^ "Marilyn E. Staples". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  131. ^ "Helen Navran Stein". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  132. ^ "Rowena Stevens". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  133. ^ "Lyn Stinson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  134. ^ "Ruth Suckow". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  135. ^ "Phebe Sudlow". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  136. ^ "Patricia Clare Sullivan". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  137. ^ "Ruby L. Sutton". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  138. ^ "Adeline Morrison". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  139. ^ "Margaret Boeye Swanson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  140. ^ "Ruth Wildman Swenson". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  141. ^ "Elaine Szymoniak". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  142. ^ "Margaret Mary Toomey". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  143. ^ "Evelyne Jobe Villines". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  144. ^ "Nellie Walker". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  145. ^ "Jean Adeline Morgan Wanatee". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  146. ^ "Beaulah E. Webb". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  147. ^ "Mary Beaumont Welch". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  148. ^ "Maude Esther White". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  149. ^ "Catherine G. Williams". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  150. ^ "Connie Wimer". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  151. ^ "Annie Wittenmyer". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  152. ^ "Mary E. Wood". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  153. ^ "Mildred Hope Fisher Wood". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  154. ^ "Charese Yanney". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  155. ^ "Jo Ann Zimmerman". Hall of Fame Inductees. Iowa Commission on the Status of Women. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 

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