Ip massacre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ip massacre
Zilah 1940. szeptember 8.jpg
Hungarian troops marching in nearby Zalău, five days earlier
Location Ipp, Kingdom of Hungary
(now Ip, Romania)
Date 13/14 September 1940
23:00 (CET)
Attack type
Genocide (targeted killing of the local ethnic Romanians), ethnic cleansing
Weapons Machine guns, rifles, revolvers, bayonets
Deaths 158 ethnic Romanians
(including a child before his birth)
Perpetrator Hungarian Army, locals, Nemzetőrség members

The Ip massacre took place in the early hours of 14 September 1940, in Ip, Sălaj, a village in Northern Transylvania when the Hungarian Army, apparently supported by a local vigilante group,[1] killed 158 Romanian civilians.[2]

In 1990, a monument was erected in Ip to remember the victims, and the Romanian Armed Forces produced a film for the Romanian Television.

Background[edit]

After the Vienna Award of 30 August 1940, a result of the German-Italian political arbitration, northwestern Transylvania came under Hungarian rule. Horthyist occupied territory during the Second World War remained in history as the Northern Transylvania and contained the northwestern part of the homonymous region and the Székely lands. A total of eight counties out of 23 Transylvania included in the interwar period were entirely alienated, and other three were ripped in two. Thus, Sălaj County is also attached to Hungary, and on 8 September 1940 the Second Army enters the city of Zalău.[3] Immediately after the occupation of the Transylvanian territory, started a series of massacres against Romanian civil population. Most affected by Horthyist terror was Sălaj, where were massacred 477 Romanians.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lehrer, Milton G. (1991). Pătroiu, Ion, ed. Ardealul pământ românesc. Problema Ardealului văzută de un american. Cluj-Napoca: Vatra Românească. ISBN 973-29-0010-5. 
  2. ^ Ţurlea, Petre (1996). Ip și Trăznea: Atrocități maghiare și acțiune diplomatică românească. Bucharest: Encyclopedic Publishing House. ISBN 973-45-0181-X. 
  3. ^ Fătu, Mihai; Mușat, Mircea; Bodea, Gheorghe (1985). Teroarea horthysto-fascistă în nord-vestul României: septembrie 1940 - octombrie 1944. Bucharest: Political Publishing House. 
  4. ^ "VII - Transilvania în cel de-al Doilea Război Mondial". Istoria României. Transilvania II. Cluj-Napoca: George Barițiu Publishing House. 1997. p. 34. 

External links[edit]