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"Iphimedia" redirects here. For the arthropod genus of the Amphipoda, see Iphimedia (arthropod).

In Greek mythology, Iphimedeia (Ἰφιμέδεια)[n 1] was the daughter of Triopas (a son of Poseidon and Canace). Her brothers were Erysichthon and Phorbas. She was the wife of Aloeus, who was also her uncle, but fell in love with Poseidon and would often come to the sea shore and pour the sea water in her lap, until the god came and answered her feelings (cf. the story of Tyro).[2] With Poseidon she was the mother of Otus and Ephialtes (who were called the Aloadae after their stepfather),[3][4][5] as well as Cercyon and the bandit Sciron. One account calls Aloeus natural father of the Aloadae.[6]

With Aeolus, Iphimedeia had a daughter Pancratis (or Pancrato), renowned for her beauty. When she and her daughter were participating in the celebration of the orgies of Dionysus, they were carried off by the companions of the Thracian Butes and brought to the island of Strongyle (later Naxos), where Pancratis was given in marriage to the new king Agassamenus and Iphimedia to a friend and lieutenant of his. Two other leaders, Sicelus and Hecetorus, had fought over Pancratis and killed each other (or else they were Scellis and Agassamenus himself). Soon after, Otus and Ephialtes, sent by Aloeus, defeated the Thracians and rescued their mother and sister; but Pancratis died not much later.[7][8]

Iphimedeia was one of the heroines whose spirits Odysseus encountered at the entrance of the Underworld.[3]

Pausanias mentions a painting of Iphimedeia by Polygnotus, and remarks that she was honored by the Carians in Mylasa.[9]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ The name is perhaps attested in Mycenaean Greek in the Linear B syllabic script (PY Tn 316 inscription) in the form 𐀂𐀟𐀕𐀆𐀊, i-pe-me-de-ja.[1]
  1. ^ "The Linear B word i-pe-me-de-ja". Palaeolexicon. Word study tool of Ancient languages.  Raymoure, K.A. "Pylos PY Tn Linear B Series". Minoan Linear A & Mycenaean Linear B. Deaditerranean.  "PY 316 Tn (44)". DĀMOS Database of Mycenaean at Oslo. University of Oslo. 
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 7. 4
  3. ^ a b Homer, Odyssey, 11. 305
  4. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 28
  5. ^ Pindar, Pythian Ode 4, 89
  6. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 22. 6
  7. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 5. 50. 6 - 51. 2
  8. ^ Parthenius, Love Romances, 19
  9. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 28. 8