Iran–Italy relations

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Iranian–Italian relations
Map indicating locations of Iran and Italy

Iran

Italy

Iranian–Italian relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Iran and the Italian Republic.

History[edit]

Iranian Revolution and Iran–Iraq War[edit]

Bilateral relations were strategically damaged in the 1980s when Iran distanced itself from most, if not all Western countries following the Islamic Revolution, and when Italy supplied Iran's enemy with economic and naval assistance throughout the Iran–Iraq War. Relations were normalized following the conflict's end in 1988.

Modern era and current relations[edit]

Iran-Italy trade stood at $US 2.7 Billion in 2001 [1] and 3.852 Billion Euros in 2003.[2] In 2005, Italy was the third largest trading partner of Iran with 7.5% of all exports to Iran.[3] Italy was the top trading partner of Iran in the European Union in early 2006.[4] Commercial exchanges hit 6 billion euros in 2008.[5]

Although Italy harbors a large population of members of the MKO as do many European Union states, Italy officially considers the group a terrorist organization.[6]

Cultural relations[edit]

In recent years, some soccer players from Iran's Team melli have been absorbed by Italian Serie A clubs. Rahman Rezai (currently of A.S. Livorno Calcio) and Ali Samereh (formerly of Perugia Calcio) are some notable examples.

The movie "Soraya", directed by Lodovico Gasparini,[7] was released in 2004, depicting the story of Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari. Former Miss Italy Anna Valle [4] played the leading role of the Persian Princess who was forced to divorce from the Shah of Iran (played by German actor Erol Sander) after failing to give him an heir to the Sun Throne. French actor Claude Brasseur plays the role of Prime Minister Mossadegh. The film was released in Italy on Rai Uno.[8]

In 2004, Italian experts were working on plans to expand the National Museum of Iran beyond its current capacity, from 2,200 to 6,000.[9]

Notwithstanding the proliferation of economic and cultural connections, diplomatic relations between Italy and Iran have often been disrupted seeing as the former, which is a member of the European Union supports all sanctions against Iran and was quite critical of the former leadership of Anti-Western-oriented President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]