Iran–United Arab Emirates relations
United Arab Emirates
Relations between Iran and the United Arab Emirates are deeply historic. UAE maintains close economic ties with Iran. The UAE also has a significant Iranian community; there's also a significant Arab community living in Iran. However, there are tensions over three islands in the Persian Gulf: Abu Musa, Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb. The UAE is trying to find a solution to this issue according to the rules of international law as for the Iran's nuclear program. Given that the UAE adopt the principle of not interfering in the internal matters of others, the UAE chose not to interfere with Iran's nuclear program as long as Iran continues to reassure the world that the program is peaceful. The UAE calls for the removal from the Middle East region of all weapons of mass destruction.
Outstanding conflicts are:
- UAE claims two islands in the Persian Gulf currently held by Iran: Lesser Tunb (called Tunb al Sughra in Arabic and Tonb-e Kuchak in Persian by Iran) and Greater Tunb (called Tunb al Kubra in Arabic by UAE and Tonb-e Bozorg in Persian by Iran);
- UAE claims island in the Persian Gulf jointly administered with Iran (called Jazirat Abu Musa in Arabic and Jazireh-ye Abu Musa in Persian by Iran) - over which Iran has taken steps to exert unilateral control since 1992, including access restrictions and a military build-up on the island, as well as expelling the Emirati population living on the island;
However, Iran has criticized the UAE for allowing France to develop its first permanent base in the Persian Gulf region there.
On November 28, 2013, UAE Foreign Minister made a visit to Iran.
Iranian businesses have a major presence in the UAE. Around 8,000 Iranian traders and trading firms are registered in the emirate, according to the local Iranian Business Council. Ethnic Iranians are estimated to account for roughly 10 percent of Dubai's population of 2 million. Trade between Dubai and Iran tripled to $12 billion from 2005 to 2009. UAE's exports to Iran are of a magnitude four times greater than its imports from Iran.
- United Arab Emirates - Foreign Relations
- "Abu Musa and The Tunbs: The Dispute That Won't Go Away, Part Two". July 28, 2001. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
- Pamuk, Humeyra (15 February 2012). "MIDEAST MONEY-Sanctions sap Dubai's role as Iran trade hub". Reuters.
- "Dubai Helps Iran Evade Sanctions as Smugglers Ignore U.S. Laws". Bloomberg. 25 January 2010.
History of the United Arab Emirates History of the United Arab Emirates