Iran Mercantile Exchange

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Iran Mercantile Exchange
Type Commodities exchange
Location Tehran, Iran
Founded 2006[1]
Owner IME is 30% owned by individuals and 70% by legal and financial entities.[2]
Currency Iranian rial
Commodities Industrial products, agricultural products, petrochemicals[1]
Website http://www.ime.co.ir

Iran Mercantile Exchange (IME) is a commodities exchange located in Tehran, Iran. It was founded in 2006. IME trades in agricultural, industrial and petrochemical products in the spot and futures markets.[1][3] It is mainly a domestic or regional market with the ambition to become more international in the future.[2] As of 2014, about one fourth of IME's commodities were exported. IME offers a variety of services, including providing access to the initial offering of commodities, pricing for Iran’s Over-the-Counter (OTC), secondary markets and end users, providing a venue for government sales and procurement purchases, facilitating a trading platform and user interface, providing clearing & settlement services, risk management, technology services, and training of market participants.[4]


History[edit]

Tehran Metal Exchange was established in September 2003 as the first mercantile exchange in the country. Later on, Iran Agricultural Exchange was established in September 2004. Subsequently, Tehran Metal Exchange merged with Iran Agricultural Exchange in December 2006 and formed the Iran Mercantile Exchange Company.[1]

Oil Bourse[edit]

Main article: Iranian Oil Bourse

The Government of Iran decided to establish the oil and petrochemicals exchange and the responsibility of creating this new exchange was delegated to IME Company. The first phase was launched on February 17, 2008 by executing the transactions of petrochemicals and chemicals which has been running successfully and the second phase is on the verge of launching. With the completion of the second phase, crude and by-products of oil can also be traded on the exchange in both Iranian Rial and major foreign currencies (except USD).

Kish Island is the venue for trading the oil contracts. It is a free trade zone. The Islamic Republic also wants to encourage local investors to participate in the oil market as it tries to reduce the state’s role in the country’s energy industry.[5]

Supervision and regulation[edit]

The Securities and Exchange Organization (SEO) is the sole regulatory entity for the regulation and development of the capital market in Iran.[6] In 2013 Iran Mercantile Exchange joined the Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges (FEAS) as a full member.[7]

Products[edit]

Industrial[edit]

See also: Mining in Iran

Petroleum by-products[edit]

Iran holds the world's second largest oil reserves after Saudi Arabia, and the second-largest gas reserves after Russia.[2]

Petrochemicals[edit]

Agricultural[edit]

  • Crop Group: various kinds of corn, grain, wheat, rice, bran
  • Dried and Trans Products: various kinds of pistachio, date, raisins, saffron, cumin, tea, sugar
  • Oil Cake and Seeds Group: various kinds of oily seeds like soybean and oil cake seeds like soybean, colza, cotton seed, sunshade, Safflower cake, corn, palm
  • Cereals Group: pea, lentil
  • Frozen Chicken

Tradable contracts[edit]

Trading system[edit]

Trading in IME is based on open outcry auction using electronic trading platform, an interaction of bids and offers made by the buying and selling brokers. Orders, already placed by the clients, are entered in the system by the brokers sitting behind their stations in the trading floor. The system processes the orders and executes the transaction upon matching of the bid and offer prices.[1]

IME Statistics[edit]

Source: Central Bank of Iran[9][10][11][12]
IME Exchange (Including spot, credit and forward transactions) 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/111 2011/12 2012/13
Agricultural - Volume (thousand tons) 273.0 173.5 175.2 1,633.9 549.6 184.5
Agricultural - Value (billion rials) 772.6 3,729.7 484.8 3,729.7 3,792.8 1,346.5
Manufacturing and Metal - Volume (thousand tons) 6,443.8 6,679.7 7,438.5 8,694.0 11,685.8 13,172.0
Manufacturing and Metal - Value (billion rials) 58,044.2 62,120.6 53,842.0 75,235.5 102,534.1 197,341.0
Oil and Petrochemical - Volume (thousand tons) 89.7 4,339.2 7,052.9 6,662.6 8,116.6 8,352.0
Oil and Petrochemical - Value (billion rials) 352.7 19,921.0 36,450.7 41,478.0 64,360.8 116,387.0
Grand Total - Volume (thousand tons) 6,806.5 11,192.4 14,666.6 16,990.5 20,352.0 21,708.5
Grand Total - Value (billion rials) 59,169.4 82,685.3 90,777.5 120,443.2 170,687.7 315,074.5

1 Due to the reclassification of "cement" under "manufacturing and mining products", figures for 2010/11 have been revised. Previously, "cement" was classified under "oil and petrochemical products".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e http://www.ime.co.ir/site/487/default.aspx
  2. ^ a b c Nasseri, Ladane (2008-05-27). "Iranian Exchange to Start Commodity Futures in July; Oil Later". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2010-08-27. 
  3. ^ http://www.turquoisepartners.com/iraninvestment/IIM-Dec09.pdf
  4. ^ http://iran-daily.com/newspaper/page/4869/4/17052/0
  5. ^ "Oil bourse next week". tehran times. Retrieved 2010-08-27. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ http://www.tehrantimes.com/economy-and-business/112879-iran-mercantile-exchange-gets-feas-membership
  8. ^ Iran Mercantile Exchange Starts Fuel-Oil Trading in April. Payvand.com. Retrieved on 2013-10-29.
  9. ^ http://www.cbi.ir/page/7575.aspx
  10. ^ Central Bank of The Islamic Replic of Iran. Cbi.ir. Retrieved on 2013-10-29.
  11. ^ http://www.cbi.ir/showitem/10605.aspx
  12. ^ http://www.cbi.ir/page/11992.aspx

External links[edit]

Videos