Jamaran (frigate)

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Jamaran class
Jamaran Moudge Class multi purpose light guided missile frigate
Career (Iran)
Name: Jamaran
Namesake: Jamaran, Tehran, Iran
Owner: Iran
Operator: Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
Builder:  Iran
Laid down: 2006
Launched: 2007
Completed: 2010
Acquired: 1997
Commissioned: 19 February 2010[1][2]
Homeport: Bandar-Abbas
Identification: 76
Status: in active service, as of 2014
General characteristics
Class & type: Moudge class
Type: light frigate[3][4][5][6]
Displacement: 1,500 tonnes
Length: 95 meters (310 foot)[1]
Beam: 11.1 m estimated
Draught: 3.25 m estimated
Propulsion: 2 x 10,000 hp diesel engines plus 4 diesel generators; 4 x 550 kw[citation needed]
Speed: 30 knots
Complement: 140
Armament:

missiles, torpedoes, modern naval cannons[7]

1 × 76 mm DP rapid fire auto-cannon
1 × Fath 40 mm AA cannon; Bofors copy
4 × SSMs C-802 / Noor[8]
2 × crew served 20 mm Oerlikon cannons
2 × triple 324 mm light torpedoes

4 × Fajr SAMs
Aircraft carried: 1 x Bell 212 ASW helicopter
Aviation facilities: helipad
Notes: Jamaran is equipped with modern radars and electronic warfare capabilities[7]

Jamaran is the name of a domestically produced Moudge class [3][4][5] launched in early 2010 in Bandar-e-Abbas, Iran. Iran said that the design and building of Jamaran was among the greatest achievements of the Iranian Navy and the ship's launch marks a major technological leap for Iran's naval industries.[7][9] It is the first ship from four in its class. More ships in its class are under construction to be added to the Iranian Naval fleets in the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf soon. The ship is designed for a crew of 140.[10] The Jamaran class combines anti-submarine assets with other systems of weapons capable of dealing with surface and air threats as well.

Description[edit]

Weapons systems[edit]

The primary weapon deployed by Jamaran-class vessels is the Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King, which acts in concert with shipboard sensors to seek out and destroy submarines at long range. The Jamaran-class also carries a close-in anti-submarine torpedo system, the 324 mm light torpedo with 30 km range, mounted in triple torpedo launchers on either side of the stern.[11] To deal with surface forces, the vessel is equipped with four Noor / C-802 surface-to-surface anti-ship cruise missiles, mounted in box launchers on the roof of the upper deck level between the radar and the main mast pointing towards either sides.[8][12][13] The single shot hit probability of the Noor, with a range of 170 km, is estimated to be as high as 98%.[14] For anti-aircraft self-defense the Jamaran-class has four medium range Fajr Surface to Air Missiles (reverse engineering of RIM-66/SM-1 standard missile) [15] with 74 km range, and 24.4 km flight ceiling, mounted in box launchers at the deck above the main deck level in front of the helicopter landing pad. The Jamaran-class also carries two 20 mm manned Oerlikon cannons and a 40 mm Fateh-40 autocannon (reverse engineering of Bofors L/70) with 12.5 km aerial range, to provide a shipboard point-defense against incoming anti-ship missiles and aircraft.[16] The main gun on the forecastle is a 76 mm Fajr-27 gun.[4] The gun is capable of firing at a rate of 85 rounds per minute at a range of more than 17 kilometers towards surface targets and 12 kilometers towards aerial targets. The Fajr-27 is a multi-purpose weapon, capable of dealing with surface, air, and onshore targets. The Jamaran has room on the roof of the upper deck level for installing 2 × 0.50 cal machine guns in the future.[13]

Countermeasures[edit]

Chaff and flare systems and electronic warfare capabilities.

Sensors & Equipment[edit]

The ship is equipped with one Plessey AWS-1 long range air and surface search and tracking radar, installed on the roof of forward of the funnel.[5] The ship is also fitted with two navigation radars on the main mast. The ship is also equipped with one fire control radar. The ship's equipment in detail are: S and X band radars, Tactical aviation radar, Radar processor and Fire control systems,Subsurface Sonar and Echo Sounder,Surface and subsurface communication & Internal communication and computer network systems, ECM, ECCM, and navigation systems, Electroptical and stabilizer and synchronizer systems, Alert system against chemical-microbial attacks and doors and aircondition system with impenetrability and ressistance capability during these attacks, Automated navigation system and some other systems.

Propulsion[edit]

The Jamaran-class vessels are powered by two 10,000 hp engines, and uses four diesel generators which each generate 550 kW. The Jamaran-class can reach a maximum speed of 30 knots.

Helicopter Landing Platform[edit]

The Jamaran can accommodate a medium size helicopter and can also run a helicopter in-flight refueling (HIFR) operation when a helicopter approaches on the landing platform, which is not necessarily suited for landing operations.[17]

Classification[edit]

While the Jamaran has been described by the press as a guided missile destroyer, within some western military analysis circles such as Jane's Information Group and Globalsecurity.org it has instead been designated a frigate based on its displacement;[3][4][5] the latter acknowledged that there are no "rules in these matters". Furthermore Globalsecurity.org states: 'Iran calls these ships "destroyers" but they would be classed as a light Frigate by the reckoning of all other countries.' [4] PressTV and Iranian military are themselves describing Jamaran as a "frigate class ship"[18] in the same article where they claim it as a "destroyer".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.businessweek.com/news/2010-02-19/iran-launches-1st-domestically-made-missile-destroyer-update1-.html
  2. ^ "Iran launches first locally made destroyer". Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  3. ^ a b c "Iran launches first indigenous frigate". Jane's Information Group. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Mowj Class Corvette". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  5. ^ a b c d Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems (Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World). ISBN 978-1-59114-955-2. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  6. ^ http://www.presstv.com/detail.aspx?id=119064&sectionid=3510208
  7. ^ a b c "Iran launches advanced Jamaran destroyer". Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  8. ^ a b http://www.presstv.com/detail.aspx?id=120430&sectionid=351020101
  9. ^ IranAlmanac Iran will Target Invaders' Interests Everywhere. September 22, 2007
  10. ^ "Iran launches new destroyer - CNN.com". CNN. 2010-02-19. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  11. ^ http://www.presstv.com/detail.aspx?id=125927&sectionid=351020101
  12. ^ "Iran Launches First Locally Built Naval Destroyer". Fox News. 2010-02-19. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  13. ^ a b "Press TV News Iran Unveils "Jamaran" Iran Made Destroyer". Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  14. ^ "C-802". GlobalSecurity.org. 2006-07-16. Retrieved 2008-03-22. 
  15. ^ "Jamaran / Mowj Class Multi-Purpose Guided Missile Frigate". Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  16. ^ "Iran builds anti-aircraft naval cannons". Retrieved 2009-05-24. 
  17. ^ "Jamaran Destroyer joins the IRI Navy". Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  18. ^ Iran's navy to launch 2nd destroyer by 2012

External links[edit]

Videos