Iranian legislative election, 1980

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Iranian legislative election, 1980
1975 ←
14 March 1980
9 May 1980
→ 1984

  First party Second party Third party
Leader Mohammad Beheshti
Party IRP IRP allies Independents
Seats won 85 45 140

Prime Minister before election

Mehdi Bazargan
Freedom Movement of Iran

Elected Prime Minister

Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Islamic Republican Party

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Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 13 March 1980, with a second round on 9 May.[1] They were the first elections to the Majlis since the overthrown of the Shah, and resulted in a victory for the Islamic Republican Party, which won 85 of the 270 seats, whilst its allies who a further 45.[2] 137 of the elected MPs were clerics.[3]

Electoral system[edit]

The constitution approved in a December 1979 referendum provided for a 270-seat Majlis, with five seats reserved for minority groups including Jews, Zorastrians, Armenians from the north and south of the country and one jointly elected by Assyrians and Chaldeans.[4]

As there was no electoral law at the time of the elections, they were held in accordance with a proposal from the Ministry of the Interior and approved by the Council of the Revolution.[4] However, the elections were postponed in 23 constituencies in Kurdistan and Balochistan.[4]


Party Votes % Seats
Islamic Republican Party 85
Islamic Republican Party allies 45
Freedom Movement of Iran 0
Freedom Movement of Iran allies 0
Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan 0
Independents 140
Invalid/blank votes
Total 10,874,470 100 270
Registered voters/turnout 21,749,000 50.00
Source: Nohlen et al


  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p68 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  2. ^ Nohlen et al, p74
  3. ^ James W Heslep The Decline of Clerics in the Iranian Majles
  4. ^ a b c Iran IPU