Iranian presidential election, 2013
The eleventh election of the President of Iran is scheduled to be held on Friday, 14 June 2013. If no presidential candidate polls 50 percent of the vote on the first round, a runoff will be held on 21 June. It will elect the seventh President of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The election will take place on the same day as local council elections  The Guardian Council, a 12-member body consisting of six jurists and six theologians, is tasked with vetting hopefuls for their qualifications and confirming the election results.
The President of Iran is the highest Iranian official to be elected by direct popular vote, he is the chief of the executive, after the "Leader of the Revolution" the second most important person of Iran. His duties are much the same as all other heads of governments but the Comander in Head of the Armed Forces is the Leader and it is also the leader who choses the chief justice. All Iranian citizens that have been born in Iran, believe in God and the official religion of iran (shiite islam), have always been loyal to the Constitution (meaning no criminal background), and above 21 years of age are allowed to sign up as candidates. An Institution called Election Monitoring Agency (EMA) which is managed by the Guardian Council controls the credentials of the registered candidates (in the last elections 36000 people signed up as candidates)and vetes them down to a handful candidates. The iranian constitution demands that if there are more than 200 candidates the guardian council's EMA is to evaluate these and select the most competent ones. There is a list of criteria (i.e. higehst educated, public service record, active military service record,etc) based on which the candidates are suposed to be vetted for the election.
Last election 
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Politics and government of
Iran's tenth presidential election was held on 12 June 2009, with incumbent Mahmoud Ahmadinejad running against three challengers. The next morning the Islamic Republic News Agency, Iran's official news agency, announced that with two-thirds of the votes counted, Ahmadinejad had won the election with 62% of the votes cast, and that Mir-Hossein Mousavi had received 34% of the votes cast. The European Union, the United Kingdom the United States, and several western countries expressed concern over alleged irregularities during the vote, and many analysts and journalists from the United States, Europe and other western based media voiced doubts about the authenticity of the results. Meanwhile many OIC member states, as well as Russia, China, India, and Brazil, congratulated Ahmadinejad on his victory.
Mousavi issued a statement saying, "I'm warning that I won't surrender to this charade," and urged his supporters to fight the decision, without committing acts of violence. Protests, in favour of Mousavi and against the alleged fraud, broke out in Tehran. Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei urged the nation to unite behind Ahmadinejad, labeling his victory as a "divine assessment". Mousavi lodged an official appeal against the result to the Guardian Council on 14 June. On 15 June, Khamenei announced there would be an investigation into vote-rigging claims, which would take seven to ten days. On 16 June, the Guardian Council announced it will recount the votes. However, Mousavi stated that 14 million unused ballots were missing, giving a chance to manipulate the results. On 29 June, Iran's electoral board completed the partial recount, and concluded that Ahmadinejad won the election, amidst protest from the opposition.
Electoral law 
One of the issues that have been raised in the pre-election debate over electoral reforms, especially regarding enforcement, situations of candidates. Executive of elections under previous law was Ministry of Interior (Government) and there were statements about changing of maintaining law. In addition, the law provided that the candidate must be political men and it was not known the meaning of men. The changes was began after the protests to the previous election.
The new act of the elections was approved by the parliament on 17 December 2012 and was significated by speaker of the parliament, Ali Larijani to the president for official implementation. Some of the changes are explained:
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Electoral Commission 
Registration for candidates took place from 7 May and concluded on 11 May 2013. After the registration step, registered candidates must be qualified by the Guardian Council in order to be on the ballot. On May 7, Sadeq Vaez Zadeh was the first candidate who officially registered. After the registration phase, Guardian Council must review candidate's qualifications and announce list of approved candidates in 5 days after registration. However, the date was extended for another three days by Guardian Council.
- Mohammad-Bagher Ghalibaf, Mayor of Tehran (since 2005)
- Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei, First Vice President of Iran (2009), Chief Staff of the President (since 2009)
- Mohsen Rezaee, Secretary of Expediency Discernment Council (since 1997)
- Saeed Jalili, Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council (since 2007)
- Ali Akbar Velayati, Minister of Foreign Affairs (1981–1997)
- Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Minister of Health (2005–2009)
- Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel, Speaker of the Parliament (2004–2008)
- Manouchehr Mottaki, Minister of Foreign Affairs (2005–2010)
- Mohammad-Hassan Aboutorabi Fard, Deputy Speaker of the Parliament (since 2010) 
- Sadeq Vaeez Zadeh, Head of National Elites Foundation (2006–2009)
- Ruhollah Ahmadzadeh, Head of Cultural Heritage Organization (2011–2012)
- Ali Fallahian, Minister of Intelligence (1989–1997)
- Alireza Zakani, Member of the Parliament (since 2004) 
- Alireza Ali Ahmadi, Minister of Education (2006–2009)
- Parviz Kazemi, Minister of Welfare and Social Security (2005–2006)
- Abulhassan Navab, Chancellor of University of Religions and Denominations (since 1995)
- Ramin Mehmanparast, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs (2010–2013)
- Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, President (1989–1997)
- Mohammad-Reza Aref, First Vice President (2001–2005)
- Hassan Rouhani, Secretary of Supreme National Security Council (1989–2005)
- Mostafa Kavakebian, Member of the Parliament (2004–2012)
- Ebrahim Asgharzadeh, Member of the Parliament (1988–1992)
- Akbar A'lami, Member of the Parliament (2000–2008)
- Elias Hazrati, Member of the Parliament (1988–2004)
- Ghasem Sholeh-Saadi, Member of the Parliament (1996–2008)
- Mohammad Gharazi, Minister of Post (1989–1997)
- Mohammad Saeedikia, Minister of Housing and Urban Development (2005–2009)
- Hassan Sobhani, Member of the Parliament (1996–2008)
- Mohammed Bagher Kharrazi, Academic
- Davoud Ahmadinejad, Head of Presidential Commission (2005–2008)
- Mahmoud Kashani, Academic and lawyer
- Tahmasb Mazaheri, Governor of Central Bank (2007–2008)
- Hooshang Amirahmadi, Academic and political analyst
The following candidates had registered for the election but withdrew their candidacy after registration.
- Masoud Pezeshkian, Member of the Parliament (since 2008) (endorsed Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani)
- Javad Etaat, Member of the Parliament (2000–2004) (endorsed Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani)
- Ali Akbar Javanfekr, Managing Director of IRNA (2010–2013) (endorsed Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei)
- Mohammad-Reza Rahimi, First Vice President (since 2009) (endorsed Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei)
- Sadeq Khalilian, Minister of Agricultural (since 2009) (endorsed Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei)
- Mohammad Shariatmadari, Minister of Commerce (1997–2005) (endrosed Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani)
- Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar, Minister of Interior (since 2009)
- Mehdi Karoubi, Speaker of the Parliament (1989–1992, 2000–2004)
- Mir-Hossein Mousavi, Prime Minister (1981–1989)
- Zahra Rahnavard, Second Lady (1981–1989)
- Kamal Kharazi, Minister of Foreign Affairs (1997–2005)
- Mohammad Rouyanian, Chairman of Persepolis (since 2011)
- Gholam-Hossein Karbaschi, Mayor of Tehran (1989–1998)
- Hossein Saffar Harandi, Minister of Culture (2005–2009)
- Parviz Fattah, Minister of Energy (2005-2009)
- Mohammad-Ali Najafi, Minister of Education (1989–1997)
- Abdolali Bazargan, Academic
- Mostafa Pourmohammadi, Minister of Interior (2005–2008)
- Mohammad-Reza Bahonar, Deputy Speaker of the Parliament (since 2011)
- Ali Larijani, Speaker of the Parliament (since 2008)
- Mohammad Khatami, President (1997–2005)
- Mehdi Chamran, Chairman of City Council of Tehran (since 2003)
- Gholam-Hossein Elham, Minister of Justice (2006–2009)
- Eshaq Jahangiri, Minister of Mines (1997–2005)
- Mohsen Mehralizadeh, Head of the National Sports Organization (2000–2005)
- Mojtaba Samareh Hashemi, Governor of West Azerbaijan (1990–1994)
- Ali Akbar Salehi, Minister of Foreign Affairs (since 2010)
- Ali Nikzad, Minister of Transportation (since 2011)
- Mostafa Mohaghegh Damad, Deputy Minister of Interior (1981–1995)
- Bijan Namdar Zangeneh, Minister of Petroleum (1997–2005)
- Habibollah Bitaraf, Minister of Energy (1997–2005)
- Hamid Baqai, Head of Presidential Center (since 2011)
- Hamid-Reza Haji Babaee, Minister of Education (since 2009)
- Yahya Ale Eshaq, Minister of Commerce (1993–1997)
- Hossein Kamali, Minister of Labor (1988–1997)
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani 
Mohammad Khatami, former president of Iran supported Rafsanjani to sign on for election. In response to calls to nominate himself, Khatami issued a statement on his website, saying, "Even if we get a chance to run in the election, we won’t have the right to receive more than a certain number of votes".
Mohammad-Bagher Ghalibaf 
The following three candidates also known as 2+1 formed a coalition between themselves that one of the three will register for the election and the remaining two will support him, however all of those registered and the main candidate will be announced in a later which it is possible that all will be enter to the elections. This coalition consist of Mohammad-Bagher Ghalibaf, Ali Akbar Velayati and Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel, whoever there are rumors that Ghalibaf will be the main candidate and two others will support him
Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei 
On the other hand, Ahmadinejad invited Mashaei to accompany him on his latest tour of the country, showcasing him to the people. Ahmadinejad has thrown his full support behind Mashaei, saying "Mashaei means Ahmadinejad, and Ahmadinejad means Mashaei".
Kamran Bagheri Lankarani 
This political group was founded by former Ahmadinejad ministers and supporters who believe in his election message but they are not supporting his actions anymore. For the following election, their main candidates are among Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Saeed Jalili and Parviz Fattah. Kamran Bagheri Lankarani was elected as their candidate on 20 April 2013.
Manouchehr Mottaki 
The following announced candidates will also chose one with most popularity to officially register for the election. On May 9 after selection of Aboutorabi Fard was announced, Mottaki declared he will not accept this selection and will run separately:
Mostafa Kavakebian 
On 15 January 2013, Democracy party elected their party leader, Mostafa Kavakebian as their sole candidate for the upcoming election. Kavakebian also said that he will withdraw if Mohammad Khatami announced his candidacy.
Opinion polls 
|Poll source||Date(s) administered||Rafsanjani||Mashaei||Ghalibaf||Jalili||Rezaei||Rowhani||Velayati||Aref||Haddad-Adel||Others||Undecided|
|Rasanehiran||11 May 2013||
|Akharinnews||12 May 2013||–||–||
|Alborznews||13 May 2013||12.04%||5.04%||
|ie92||14 May 2013||
|Arnanews||15 May 2013||
|Iranelect||15–16 May 2013||–||–||
|Kashanjc||16 May 2013||7.49%||1.94%||
|ie92||17 May 2013||
|Iranamerica||18 May 2013||11.11%||–||
- 7 May – The official registration of candidates began at Ministry of Interior.
- 11 May – The time for registration was ended at 18:00 PM.
- 21 May – The final list of candidates will be announced by Minister of Interior, Mostafa Mohammad Najjar.
- 22 May – Official propagation campaigns for the final candidates will began.
- 13 June – End of campaigns.
- 14 June – Election date.
- 15 June – Official results will be announced by Presidential Commission.
- 20 June – Guardian Council will confirmed/unconfirmed the election results.
- 1 August – President-elect will met with Ali Khamenei.
- 3 August – Inauguration of new President.
See also 
- Iran to hold presidential election on 14 June 2013, Ya Libnan, 15 December 2012
- "Iran To Hold Presidential Election In June 2009" (Reuters). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 7 September 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2008.
- "Ahmadinejad 'set for Iran victory'". Al Jazeera English. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009. ""Doctor Ahmadinejad, by getting a majority of the votes, has become the definite winner of the 10th presidential election," the news agency said."
- Worth, Robert F.; Fathi, Nazila (13 June 2009). "Both Sides Claim Victory in Presidential Election in Iran". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 June 2009. "The election commission said early Saturday morning that, with 78 percent of the votes counted, Mr. Ahmadinejad had won 65 percent and Mr. Mousavi had 32 percent, Reuters reported."
- "Ahmadinejad wins Iran presidential election". BBC News. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- Colin Freeman; David Blair (14 June 2009). "Defeated Iranian reformist Mir-Hossein Mousavi calls for more protest against Mahmoud Ahmadinejad". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved 14 June 2009.
- Gordon Brown comments on situation in Iran – Tuesday 16 June, British Embassy, Washington 16 June 2009
- "Ahmadinejad defiant on 'free' Iran poll". BBC News. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- Freeman, Colin (12 June 2009). "Iran elections: revolt as crowds protest at Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's 'rigged' victory". Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 12 June 2009.
- "Instant View: Iran's election result staggers analysts". Reuters. 9 February 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
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- Ian Black; Vikram Dodd; Matthew Weaver (15 June 2009). "Iranians march in protest at Ahmadinejad re-election". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 15 June 2009.
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- "Ahmadinejad victory confirmed in Iran". BBC. 29 June 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
- Members of the Electoral Commission announced
- Electoral Commission
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- "محصولی در دانشگاه شاهد قرار است لنکرانی، فتاح و جلیلی طی دو هفته به نتیجه برسند". Fars News. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
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- "Potential Candidate Series: Mohammad Saeedikia". Iran Election Watch. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
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- [dead link]
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- Reformists send letter to Supreme Leader regarding ex-president’s participation in elections
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