Iraq Stock Exchange

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Iraq Stock Exchange (ISX)
سوق العراق للأوراق المالية
Type Stock Exchange
Location Karrada, Baghdad, Iraq Iraq
Coordinates Coordinates: 33°18′23″N 44°25′35″E / 33.30639°N 44.42639°E / 33.30639; 44.42639
Founded 2004
Key people Taha Ahmad al-Rubaie
(Executive Director)
Currency IQD
Website http://www.isx-iq.net/

The Iraq Stock Exchange (ISX), formally the Baghdad Stock Exchange, is a stock exchange in Baghdad, Iraq.

The Iraq Stock Exchange was incorporated and began operations in June 2004.[1] It operates under the oversight of the Iraq Securities Commission, an independent commission modeled after the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. June Reed is an American adviser to the stock exchange.[2]

Before the 2003 invasion of Iraq, it was called the Baghdad Stock Exchange and was operated by the Iraqi Ministry of Finance. Now it is a self-regulated organization similar to the New York Stock Exchange, owned by the 50 or so member brokerages.[3]

As of 2005, the ISX was Iraq's only stock exchange. It opened in 2004 with 15 companies, and now lists more than 100 companies. Turnover of shares in 2005 was approximately $5 million USD per trading session. Major stocks included Bank of Baghdad, Baghdad Soft Drinks Co, Iraqi Tufted Carpets Co, Hader Marble, and Altherar Agriculture.[3]

Aswat al-Iraq news agency covers every trading session with reports published on the web in English[4] and Arabic[5]

Growth[edit]

Trading was with pen and paper. Buyers shouted at or called into their brokers, who stood near their whiteboards that listed each company's share buy and sell price.[6][7]

That changed in February 2009, when for the first time since it was launched in the mid-1990s, the Iraq Stock Exchange announced that it would have a computerized system to show the movement of shares. Iraqi Exchange and Securities Commission Chairman Abdul-Razzak al-Saadi said that the new system would replace two blackboards that are manned by personnel using chalk to record all changes. Al-Saadi said a $7 million grant from international donors enabled the stock exchange to buy the electronic system.[8]

Trading was suspended for several months in 2006 due to violence,[6] and is subject to power outages.

In 2006 92 trading sessions were held (an average of 2 per week), 57 billion shares were traded (at a value of 146 billion dinars), and 38,000 trades were consummated.[9] The trading floor is currently open six hours a week: Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon.[10]

The ISX opened to foreign investors on August 2, 2007. The market is dominated by a handful of wealthy Iraqis, many of whom live outside the country and call in their orders by phone to brokers, says Taha Abdul Salam, the exchange's CEO. Foreign investors in late 2008 accounted for less than 20% of activity.[11]

The ISX has been unaffected by the Economic crisis of 2008.[12]

On April 19, 2009, the ISX switched to electronic trading. Currently, only five companies are available for electronic trading, but more will be added over the next few months.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iraqi stock exchange small but surging". USA TODAY. October 5, 2008. Retrieved December 13, 2008. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Putting stock in Iraq Baghdad exchange is a whirlwind of fierce optimism". sfgate. May 24, 2005. Retrieved December 13, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Economic Summary". Aswat al-Iraq. 
  5. ^ "Economic Summary". Aswat al-Iraq. 
  6. ^ a b Haynes, Deborah (December 20, 2007). "Baghdad stock exchange set to share in digital age". London: The Times. Retrieved December 13, 2008. 
  7. ^ "Baghdad's Stock Market Goes Modern". time. February 6, 2008. Retrieved December 13, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Iraqi Stock Exchange Trades Chalkboards For Computers – Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty © 2010". Rferl.org. February 20, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2010. 
  9. ^ "سوق العراق للأوراق المالية". webcache.googleusercontent.com. January 30, 2010. Retrieved March 26, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Iraqi stock exchange holds 3 trading sessions a week". Retrieved December 13, 2008. 
  11. ^ Michaels, Jim (October 5, 2008). "Iraqi stock exchange small but surging". Usatoday.Com. Retrieved March 26, 2010. 
  12. ^ "STOCKS SOAR! (IN BAGHDAD)". Retrieved December 13, 2008. [dead link]
  13. ^ Forbes.com – Iraq's Stock Exchange goes electronic[dead link]

External links[edit]