Iraq national football team
|Nickname(s)||Lions of Mesopotamia
Usood Al-Rafidain (اسود الرافدين)
|Association||Iraq Football Association|
|Sub-confederation||WAFF (West Asia)|
|Head coach||Hakeem Shaker|
|Asst coach||Karim Salman|
|Most caps||Hussein Saeed (131)|
|Top scorer||Hussein Saeed (84)|
|Home stadium||Basra Sports City|
|FIFA ranking||100 +3|
|Highest FIFA ranking||39 (October 2004)|
|Lowest FIFA ranking||139 (July 1996)|
|Highest Elo ranking||26 (December 1982)|
|Lowest Elo ranking||86 (February 2006)|
| Morocco 3–3 Iraq
(Beirut, Lebanon; October 19, 1957)
| Iraq 13–0 Ethiopia
(Amman, Jordan; 18 August 1992)
| Brazil 6–0 Iraq
(Malmö, Sweden; October 11, 2012)
Chile 6–0 Iraq
(Copenhagen, Denmark; August 14, 2013)
|Appearances||1 (First in 1986)|
|Best result||Round 1, 1986|
|Appearances||7 (First in 1972)|
|Best result||Champions, 2007|
|Appearances||1 (First in 2009)|
|Best result||Round 1, 2009|
The Iraqi national football team (Arabic: منتخب العراق لكرة القدم) represents Iraq in international football since 1948 and It is governed by the Iraq Football Association (IFA). The Iraqi Football Association was founded in 1948 and has been a member of FIFA since 1950, the Asian Football Confederation since 1970, and the sub-confederation regional body West Asian Football Federation since 2000. Iraq also is part of the Union of Arab Football Associations and has been a member since 1974. The Iraqi team is commonly known as (Usood Al-Rafidain, Arabic: اسود الرافدين) which literally meaning Lions of Mesopotamia.
Iraq is one of the most successful national teams in the Arab League, having a record won of a total of four Arab Nations Cup (1964, 1966, 1985, 1988). On the Asian level Iraq is one of the powerhouses having won the AFC Asian Cup once (2007), the Gold Medal of the Asian Games (1982), Three Gulf Cups of Nations (1979, 1984, 1988), and West Asia Championship (2002).
Iraq have been awarded the AFC National Team of the Year award two times (2003 and 2007), being the only team from West Asia to win this award.
- 1 History
- 2 Home matches in Iraq
- 3 Fan chanting
- 4 Kits
- 5 Competition records
- 6 Matches
- 7 Personnel
- 8 Players
- 9 Records
- 10 Managers
- 11 Trivia
- 12 Honours
- 13 See also
- 14 Notes and references
- 15 External links
The Iraq national football team's first international match was played in 1957 in Lebanon where the team tied Morocco 3-3. The first FIFA World Cup Qualifiers Iraq took part in was the 1974 qualifiers.
Iraqi football reached a peak in the 1970s and 1980s – Iraq qualified for the 1986 World Cup in Mexico, and 3 times for the Olympic Games in Moscow, Los Angeles and Seoul. Iraq also won the 1982 Asian Games, the Arab Nations Cup 4 times in a row, the Gulf Cup of Nations 3 times, and the 1985 Pan Arab Games fielding a B team. Iraq finished in 4th place in the 1976 AFC Asian Cup – the last Asian Cup Iraq would participate in until 1996.
1986 FIFA World Cup
Iraq were seeded into the first round of qualifiers where they faced Qatar and Jordan. Iraq topped Group 1B with 6 points, and advanced to the second round. Iraq faced United Arab Emirates in two legs. Iraq defeated UAE 3–2 in Dubai. Iraq lost with 2–1 to UAE in the second leg. Iraq won 4–4 aggregate on away goals and advanced to the final round. In the final round, Iraq tied Syria 0–0 in Damascus. Iraq defeated Syria 3–1 in the second leg in Taif. Iraq won 3–1 on aggregate and qualified to the 1986 FIFA World Cup
At their first game of the Group B at the 1986 FIFA World Cup, Iraq played well against Paraguay, losing narrowly 1–0. Iraq recorded their first World Cup goal in the second game, scoring against Belgium 1–2, with Ahmed Radhi scoring a goal for Iraq. Following defeat with Belgium, Iraq were eliminated from the World Cup. Iraq played against Mexico in the third game.
The Dark Era (1990-99)
During the rule of the government of Saddam Hussein, Saddam's son, Uday Hussein, was in charge of the Iraqi Olympic Committee and, by extension, the national football team. Under Uday's leadership, motivational lectures to the team included threats to cut off players' legs, while missing practice sessions would lead to a term in prison. A loss brought flogging with electric cable, or a bath in raw sewage. After the Gulf War, Iraq was banned from participating in the Asian Games and in most Arab competitions. In 1996 Iraq was ranked 139th in the world, the worst FIFA ranking in Iraqi football history.
During the qualifying for the 1994 World Cup, Iraq faced Japan in Doha in the final match of the final qualifying round on 28 October 1993, where Iraq needed a win to advance. However, Japan produced a 2–2 tie, which resulted in elimination for both teams. During the qualifiers for the 1998 World Cup they failed to reach the final round of qualifying, coming second behind Kazakhstan.
The Golden Generation (2000-2007)
After qualifying to the Asian Cup 2004, Iraq was drawn with Saudi Arabia, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan in the tournament. Iraq finished second in this group by winning 2-1 against Saudi Arabia and 3-2 against Turkmenistan, and losing 1-0 to Uzbekistan. In quarter-final clash against China, Iraq lost 3-0.
In November 2004, Iraq failed to qualify for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, losing out to Uzbekistan. Despite this, Iraq won the 2004 AFC Team of the Year award by the end of the year. In 2005, Iraq won the Gold medal of the West Asian Games.
2007 AFC Asian Cup Victory
Iraq's first major honour was the 2007 AFC Asian Cup. The tournament started with a 1–1 draw with Thailand in Bangkok. That was followed by a 3–1 win against Australia and a 0–0 draw with Oman. The quarter-finals saw them beat Vietnam 2–0, and the semi-final against favourites South Korea went to penalties that ended goalless after extra time. Noor Sabri was Iraq's hero when he saved Korea's fourth spot-kick from Yeom Ki-hun. After Ahmed Menajed had made it 4-3 to the West Asians, Korean Kim Jung-woo hit the post to send the nation through to their first Asian Cup final.
The final was against local rivals Saudi Arabia, and Younis Mahmoud scored the only goal on 72 minutes to win the tournament for Iraq. This victory secured Iraq's first Asian Cup title. As the winner, Iraq represented the AFC at the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup.
After the 2007 Asian Cup (2007–2009)
On May 26, 2008, FIFA provisionally suspended the Iraq Football Association from competition for one year, following a decision by the Iraqi government to disband the country's national sports federations. However the decision was overturned by FIFA on May 29, 2008, since the Iraqi government reversed its earlier decision in dissolving the Iraq Football Association.
In June 2008, Iraq failed to qualify for the 2010 World Cup, gaining two wins over China and Australia, a tie against China, but lost their final game in the group 1–0 to Qatar. They ended up with 7 points from 6 games behind Qatar and Australia
2009 FIFA Confederations Cup
As a result of winning the 2007 Asian Cup, Iraq qualified for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup, that took place in South Africa in June 2009, in which matches that were scheduled against the hosts, Spain, and New Zealand. In the opener, Iraq was able to hold South Africa to a 0–0 draw. And only lost to Spain 1–0 and was 0–0 at half-time. Though Spain defeated South Africa 2–0 which was necessary for Iraq to advance to the next stage, needing to beat New Zealand by 2 goals, but only tied 0–0.
Again, on November 20, 2009, just two days after Iraq won the UAE International Cup with a 1-0 win over UAE in the final, FIFA decided to suspend the Iraqi Football Association (IFA) due to governmental interference. This was later lifted in March 2010 as the Iraqi National Olympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee had helped restore the IFA's "full authority.
Iraq qualified automatically for the 2011 AFC Asian Cup. They were drawn against Iran, North Korea and United Arab Emirates in Group D. After a 2–1 loss against Iran, and 1–0 win against United Arab Emirates, Iraq went into the match against North Korea needing only a draw to progress. Iraq won 1–0 and advanced to the quarterfinals as runners-up. On 23 January, Iraq lost to Australia, 1–0, in the quarterfinal. The match went into extra time with Harry Kewell heading in a goal in the 117th minute just inside the 18-yard box.
Under coach Wolfgang Sidka, Iraq were drawn into the second round of qualifiers where they faced Yemen. Iraq defeated Yemen 2–0 in Arbil on 23 July before drawing 0–0 in Al Ain five days later. Iraq advanced to the third round of qualifiers where they were grouped with Jordan, China and Singapore. The top two teams from the group progressed to the fourth round. The Iraq Football Association (IFA) has announced it won't be renewing the contract of national team boss Wolfgang Sidka on 2 August 2011.
On 29 August 2011, Brazilian legend Zico has signed a one-year contract to become the new coach of Iraq. Iraq topped Group A with 15 points, with Jordan coming in second with 12 points. They made it for the first time since 2001 to the fourth and final qualifying round. In the final qualification stage, Iraq was drawn with Jordan, Japan Australia and Oman.
On 28 November 2012, Zico resigned as head coach. The Iraqi FA appointed Vladimir Petrović as head coach of Iraq on 25 February 2013. Under Petrović, Iraq lost its first game against China 1-0 during an Asian Cup Qualifier on 22 March 2013. 4 days after that match, Iraq won 2-1 during a friendly in Baghdad (the first match in Baghdad since 2009). In May 2013, Iraq lost a friendly match in Baghdad 1-0 against Liberia.
After 3 consecutive losses in June, Iraq failed to qualify for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, finishing bottom of the group in the final qualifying round, with 1 win, 2 draws and 5 losses out of 8 games played. Petrović coached a young squad to a 6-0 loss to Chile on August 14, 2013 in a friendly match, which would go on record as Iraq's worst ever defeat in their history. After the shocking 6-0 loss to Chile, Iraq's football association fired the national team's Serbian head coach on 10 September 2013, blaming a string of "bad results", after the squad failed to qualify for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.
Shaker takes over as the Iraqi national squad tries to qualify for the 2015 Asian Cup. Iraq are in the 2015 AFC Asian Cup qualifying group alongside Saudi Arabia, China PR and Indonesia. On 15 October 2013 Iraq lost 2-0 against Saudi Arabia. Despite a better display, Iraq lost 2-1 against Saudi Arabia on 15 November 2013. Iraq kept alive their hopes of qualifying for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup as first-half goals by Hammadi Ahmed and Karrar Jassim gave them a 2-0 away win over Indonesia on 19 November 2013.
On 5 March 2014, Iraq booked their spot with a commanding 3-1 win at the Sharjah Stadium against China, with veteran Younis Mahmoud contributing two goals and Ali Adnan one. The win allowed Iraq to book their ticket to the 2015 AFC Asian Cup as group runners-up, finishing behind Saudi Arabia with nine points.
Home matches in Iraq
Home matches dilemma
Iraq played their home games on neutral territory in the 1980s due to the Iraq-Iran war, but still qualified for the 1986 World Cup in Mexico, and three Olympic Games (Moscow, Los Angeles and Seoul). In qualification for the 2002 World Cup, Iraq played at home against Iran, Bahrain, and Thailand in the Al Shaab Stadium in Baghdad, but Saudi Arabia refused to play against the nation because of the tensions between that country and the regime of Saddam Hussein. In 2003, the war in Iraq forced Iraq to play their "home" matches outside the country for security reasons, and so fixtures were held in Jordan, Syria, Qatar or the UAE.
Due to the Iraq war and post war events, Iraq was unable to host home matches in Iraq. In 2009 The Iraq Football Association (IFA) asked FIFA to end its ban imposed on hosting official matches on Iraq. Iraq resumed playing on home soil on July 10, 2009, winning a friendly 3–0 against Palestine in Franso Hariri Stadium, Arbil. Iraq played the same opponents three days later, in Al-Shaab Stadium in Baghdad, this time winning 4–0 in front of a crowd of over 50,000. The same month, the AFC Executive Committee approved the stadium at Arbil as a venue for matches involving the Iraqi national team, and clubs in continental tournaments.
On September 2, 2011, Iraq played their first FIFA World Cup qualifier on home ground for the first time in years. They played against Jordan in front of a crowd of 24,000 people in the Franso Hariri Stadium in Arbil. On 22 March 2013, FIFA lifted a ban on international football friendlies in Iraqi stadiums on Thursday, permitting matches in Baghdad for the first time since the 2003 US-led invasion, an Iraqi football official said.
On March 26, 2013, Iraq played their first International friendly match in Baghdad since 2009 against Syria in front of a crowd of 50,000+ people in the Al-Shaab Stadium in Baghdad. However, on 3 July 2013, FIFA barred Iraq from hosting international football friendlies due to a massive surge in nationwide violence, barely three months after world football's governing body gave Baghdad the go-ahead.
Home matches in Iraq since 2003
Win Draw Loss
|July 10, 2009||Franso Hariri Stadium, Erbil||Palestine||3–0 W||International friendly||Hawar 19', Mahmoud 55', Luay 90'||Nadhim Shaker|
|July 13, 2009||Al-Shaab Stadium, Baghdad||Palestine||4–0 W||International friendly||Hawar 27', Karrar 57', Abdul-Zahra 72', Emad 90'|
|December 18, 2010||Sulaymania Stadium, Sulaymania||Syria||0–1 L||International friendly||Wolfgang Sidka|
|June 29, 2011||Franso Hariri Stadium, Erbil||Syria||1–2 L||International friendly||Abdul-Zahra 87'|
|July 23, 2011||Franso Hariri Stadium, Erbil||Yemen||2–0 W||2014 FIFA World Cup Qual.||Hawar 10', Abdul-Zahra 64'|
|September 2, 2011||Franso Hariri Stadium, Erbil||Jordan||0–2 L||2014 FIFA World Cup Qual.||Zico|
|March 26, 2013||Al-Shaab Stadium, Baghdad||Syria||2–1 W||International friendly||Mahmoud 52', Rehema 90+5'||Vladimir Petrovic|
|May 27, 2013||Al-Shaab Stadium, Baghdad||Liberia||0–1 L||International friendly|
Iraq national team supporters are known for chanting "O Victorious Baghdad" for Iraqi teams matches.
Always remains High, O Victorious Baghdad, ( أتضلي دايما فوق، منصورة يا بغداد )
And to see your eternal Glory, O Victorious Baghdad. ( و نشوفج بعز دوم ، منصورة يا بغداد )
O Victorious Baghdad, O Victorious Baghdad, ( منصورة يا بغداد، منصورة يا بغداد )
Another famous chant is "هسه يجي الثاني" which literally translates into "the second goal is coming" this is usually being chanted repeatedly after Iraq scores a goal to motivate the players to score another.
The Iraqi national football team has previously been sponsored by brands such as Adidas, Puma, Nike, Diadora, Jack & Jones, Lotto, Umbro and its current sponsor Peak.
|2004–2005||Jack & Jones|
FIFA World Cup record
FIFA Confederations Cup
- Football at the Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.
Major Asian tournaments
AFC Asian Cup record
Asian Games record
- Football at the Asian Games has been an under-23 tournament since 2002.
1 Iraq was banned from the competition from 1991 to 2002 due to the Gulf War.
Regional Asian tournaments
Gulf Cup of Nations record
1 Iraq was banned from the competition from 1991 to 2003 due to the Gulf War.
West Asian Games record
Arab Nations Cup record
1 Iraq was banned from the competition from 1991 to 2002 due to the Gulf War.
Pan Arab Games record
Records versus other nations
Iraq rivalry with Kuwait is considered as the Arab world's greatest football rivalry of all time. The rivalry began since mid 70's and it was the decade from 1976 until 1986 that saw the golden age of football for arguably the finest teams the region has produced. Both nations Imposed their complete domination on the Gulf region, and from the Gulf Cup's inception in 1970 until 1990, the tournament was won by only two teams; Kuwait seven times (1970, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1982, 1986, 1990), and despite Iraq's absence in the first three editions and withdrawn in two others, Iraq won it three times (1979, 1984, 1988).
Iraq and Kuwait took their increasingly bitter rivalry to a new level. On June 11, 1976, the two met in the semi-final of the Asian Cup in Tehran; Kuwait took the lead twice, Iraq came roaring back twice, And then, in the 10th minute of extra time, Kamel scored the winner for Kuwait. In 1979, the year Iraq clinched their first Gulf Cup and won over Kuwait 3–1, the two met in a qualifier for the Moscow 1980 Olympic Games, both managed to qualify to the Olympic Games, and both made it to the quarter-finals in Moscow. Iraq also qualified for the 1984 Games in Los Angeles and 1988 Games in Seoul. The 1982 Asian Games was won as well. Kuwait won the 1980 AFC Asian Cup, which they hosted. The nations also left their mark on the world stage. Kuwait qualified for the 1982 World Cup finals in Spain. Iraq matched that in Mexico 1986.
As Iraq and Kuwait traded Gulf titles in 1988 and 1990, few could have imagined that their rivalry on the football field would be replaced by an altogether more catastrophic one on the battlefield. Because of the Gulf war, football would never be the same again. Iraq and Kuwait were in complete avoidance and never met for more than a decade. Kuwait's Blues had a relative recovery of sorts, winning the Gulf Cup in 1996 and 1998, before securing their record 10th title in 2010. Iraqi football, because of the torturer-in-chief Uday Hussein's reign of terror as head of the football association, would take far longer to recover. When it did, it was in glorious fashion, the Lions of Mesopotamia winning the 2007 Asian Cup.
Recent results and fixtures
Win Draw Loss
|February 21, 2014||Zabeel Stadium, Dubai||North Korea||2–0 W||International friendly||Nadhim 10', Abdul-Raheem 68'|
|March 5, 2014||Sharjah Stadium, Sharjah||China PR||3–1 W||2015 Asian Cup qual.||Mahmoud 23', 43', Adnan 58'|
|January 12, 2015||Newcastle Stadium, Newcastle||Jordan||2015 AFC Asian Cup|
|January 16, 2015||Brisbane Stadium, Brisbane||Japan||2015 AFC Asian Cup|
|January 20, 2015||Canberra Stadium, Canberra||2014 AFC Challenge Cup Winner||2015 AFC Asian Cup|
Current technical staff
|Head coach||Hakeem Shaker|
|Assistant coach||Karim Salman|
|Goalkeeping coach||Abdul-Karim Naaim|
|Fitness coach||Sardar Mohammed|
|Team doctor||Qasim Mohammed|
|Team manager||Basil Gorgis|
- The following 24 players were called up for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup qualification:
- Match date: 5 March 2014.
- Opposition: China PR.
- Caps and goals are correct as of March 5, 2014, after the match against China PR.
The following players have also been called up to the Iraq squad within the last 12 months. Retired players are not listed.
Top 10 goalscorers
|Managers (January 2000 – present )|
|Adnan Hamad||January 2000 – September 2000||7||3||1||3||43%|
|Milan Živadinović||October 2000 – October 2000||4||1||1||2||25%||Quarter finalists at the 2000 AFC Asian Cup|
|Adnan Hamad (2nd time)||January 2001 – September 2001||13||5||3||5||38%|
|Rudolf Belin||September 2001 – January 2002||3||1||2||1||33%|
|Adnan Hamad (3rd time)||January 2002 – September 2002||8||8||0||0||100%|
|Bernd Stange||October 2002 – April 2004||17||6||6||5||35%||Qualified for 2004 AFC Asian Cup|
|Adnan Hamad (4th time)||April 2004 – January 2005||18||7||2||9||39%||Quarter finalists at the 2004 AFC Asian Cup|
|Akram Salman (4th time)||January 2005 – May 2007||27||12||7||8||44%||Qualified for 2007 AFC Asian Cup|
|Jorvan Vieira||May 2007 – July 2007||14||6||5||3||43%||Winner of the 2007 AFC Asian Cup
Qualified for 2011 AFC Asian Cup
Qualified for 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup
|Egil Olsen||September 2007 – February 2008||6||2||3||1||33%|
|Adnan Hamad (5th time)||March 2008 – June 2008||8||2||1||5||25%|
|Jorvan Vieira (2nd time)||September 2008 – February 2009||4||0||2||2||0%|
|Radhi Shenaishil (caretaker)||February 2009 – April 2009||2||0||1||1||0%|
|Bora Milutinović||April 2009 – June 2009||4||0||3||1||0%||1st round of the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup|
|Nadhim Shaker||July 2009 – August 2010||4||4||0||0||100%|
|Wolfgang Sidka||August 2010 – August 2011||27||13||6||8||50%||Quarter finalists at the 2011 AFC Asian Cup|
|Zico||August 2011 – November 2012||22||10||6||6||45%|
|Hakeem Shaker||December 2012 – February 2013||12||7||2||3||59%|
|Vladimir Petrović||February 2013 – September 2013||7||1||0||6||14%|
|Hakeem Shaker||September 2013 –||8||5||1||2||62%||Qualified for 2015 AFC Asian Cup|
- Iraq holds the Asian record for having scored in 27 consecutive matches between 1992 and 1996.
- Winners (0):
- Runners-up (0):
- Appearances (1): 1986,
- Winners (0):
- Runners-up (0):
- Appearances (1): 2009
- Winners (1): 2007
- Runners-up (0):
- Iraq national under-23 football team
- Iraq national under-20 football team
- Iraq national under-17 football team
- Iraqi Premier League
Notes and references
- FIFA provisionally suspends Iraq, Associated Press, May 26, 2008.[dead link]
- Socceroos qualifier against Iraq to proceed, The Age, May 29, 2008.
- President’s promise to lift the ban on Iraq soon, Iraq123 News, February 10, 2014.
- Iraqi Football Association suspended, FIFA, November 20, 2009.
- Iraq FA suspension lifted by FIFA
- AFC green-light to Arbil as venue
- Al-Mutamar Newspapers (Arabic)
- Storied Gulf Cup rivalry between Iraq and Kuwait survives war
- fifa.com: Aussies face tough test
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Iraq national football team.|
- Official Iraq national football team on FIFA.com
- Iraqi Football Picture Gallery & News - Official Iraq Football News Source (Arabic)
- Iraq Abroad-Based Players Official Website (Arabic)
- Hassanin Mubarak's blog on Iraqi football
- National & International Iraqi Information of Soccer - Iraq Football Archive (Arabic)
- Iraqi Football News in Swedish (Swedish)