Iraqi Kurdistan parliamentary election, 1992

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Iraqi Kurdistan legislative election, 1992
Iraqi Kurdistan
May 19, 1992 → 2005

Total of 105 seats of the Kurdistan National Assembly
53 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Mesud Barzani.jpg Jalal Talabani.jpg
Leader Massoud Barzani Jalal Talebani
Party KDP PUK
Seats won 51 49
Seat change Increase51 Increase49
Popular vote 437,879 423,833
Percentage 45.3% 43.8%

KDP and PUK controlled areas of Kurdistan.png

Map showing areas where the PUK won a majority in green and were the KDP won a majority in Yellow

Prime Minister before election

Post-Created

Elected Prime Minister

Fuad Masum
PUK

On May 19, 1992, elections were held to the Kurdistan National Assembly, the parliament of the Kurdish Autonomous Region in Iraq. At the time, the National Assembly had 105 seats, of which 5 were reserved for the Assyrian community. Parties had to achieve more than 7% of the vote to be elected. There were 178 polling stations around the region.[1]

The election resulted in a narrow victory for the Kurdish Democratic Party, which won 51 seats, its main rival, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan's Alliance won 49 seats. However, due to fraud allegations KDP gave up one seat to the PUK so that each would have 50 seats, they proceeded to form a unity government which lasted until May 1994, when the Kurdish Civil War broke out.

On June 4, 1992 KDP Secretary General Jawhar Namiq Salim was elected Speaker of the Kurdistan National Assembly and prominent PUK member Fuad Masum was elected Prime Minister of Kurdistan.

Results[edit]

Electoral Alliance Votes Seats Leaders
Total count Percent
Kurdistan Democratic Party 437,879 45.3% 51 Masoud Barzani
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan1 423,833 43.8% 49 Jalal Talabani
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan 49,108 5.1% 0 Uthman Abd-Aziz
Kurdistan Socialist Party 24,882 2.6% 0 Mahmoud Othman
Iraqi Communist Party 21,123 2.2% 0 Aziz Muhammad
Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party 9,903 1.0% 0
Independent Democrats 501 0
Valid votes cast 967,229 99.9%
Invalid votes 4,724 0.1%
Total votes cast 971,953 100% 100 Source
1The PUK's list included the Struggle Party and the Kurdistan Toilers' Party, which won 4 seats.[1]


Assyrian Parties Votes Seats Leaders
Total count Percent
Assyrian Democratic Movement 6,543 54% 4 Yonadam Kanna
Kurdistan Christian Unitiy 2,757 23% 1 Sarkis Aghajan
Khaldu-Ashur Communist Party 2,134 18% -
Democratic Christians 537 5% -



Governorate Breakdown[edit]

Dahuk Governorate[edit]

Party Total votes Percentage
Kurdistan Democratic Party 168,683 85.46%
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan 15,184 7.69%
Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party 6,051 3.07%
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan 3,874 1.96%
Kurdistan Socialist Party 1,983 1.01%
Iraqi Communist Party 1,546 0.78%
Other 49 0.03%
Total 197,370 100%

Note: Dahuk included the Aqrah and Shekhan Districts which were officially part of Ninawa.

Erbil Governorate[edit]

Party Total votes Percentage
Kurdistan Democratic Party 152,143 45.58%
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan 148,352 44.44%
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan 11,092 3.32%
Iraqi Communist Party 11,047 3.31%
Kurdistan Socialist Party 8,883 2.66%
Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party 2,101 0.63%
Other 184 0.15%
Total 333,802 100%

Note: The Makhmour district was at this time still under control of the Iraqi government, no elections were held there.

As Sulaymaniya Governorate[edit]

Party Total votes
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan 207,168 59.54%
Kurdistan Democratic Party 92,449 26.57%
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan 29,334 8.43%
Kurdistan Socialist Party 11,978 3.44%
Iraqi Communist Party 5,693 1.64%
Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party 1,118 0.32%
Other 213 0.06%
Total 347,953 100%

Diyala Governorate[edit]

Party Total votes Percentage
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan 53,129 60.28%
Kurdistan Democratic Party 24,604 27.92%
Islamic Movement of Kurdistan 4,808 5.46%
Iraqi Communist Party 2,837 3.22%
Kurdistan Socialist Party 2,038 2.31%
Kurdistan Popular Democratic Party 663 0.75%
Other 55 0.62%
Total 88,134 100%

Only two areas in the Diyala Governorate were under Kurdish control: Darbandikhan and Khanaqin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iraqi Kurdistan Political Development and Emergent Democracy By Gareth R V Stansfield, Inc NetLibrary. page 129.

External links[edit]