|approx. 40,000 (2011 census)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Kanpur, Karachi, Chennai, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Kolkata|
|Urdu and Arabic|
|Sunni Islam (Wahhabism)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Arabs, Adnanites, Banu Tamim, Iraqi diaspora|
Iraqi Biradri is a endogamous community and marriages are according to shijra system has its primary settlements in far desolate regions of eastern Uttar Pradesh (ex:Kotwari, Nonhara, Gangauli, Lar, Karkhanna Rampur, Bahorwa, Barhaj etc...) and their nearby villages. Their settlements in eastern U.P. are not old than 400 years according to Shijra's and burials found. Genetic test has confirmed their ancestory of Iraq.
The word Birâdrî (Persian: برادري) means "brotherhood", originating from the word Birâdar, which means "brother" in Persian. In Pakistan and India it is used to denote a number of social strata among Muslims.
Theory of origin
The Iraqi Biradri are Sunni Muslims and are an Urdu-speaking community, though the better educated also speak Arabic. The name "Iraqi" is an ethnonym. In Arabic, the terminal i is what is called in Arabic morphology "yâ' an-nisba" (ياء النسبة) meaning "the letter yâ of association". Iraqi biradri are from Bani Tamim who migrated to Sindh during Arab invasion of Sindh and then further to eastern UP in seventeenth century. The same tribe to which Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab and Qatar's royal family belong. Though most Iraqis of the Indian subcontinent speak Urdu, gravestones from as far back as the 1800s found as far east as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are branded with Arabic. Till 70's they have manufacturing units for sugar and some were involved in liquor manufacturing in Nepal on large scale. They constantly change their manufacturing and trading work from time to time.Today Iraqi Biradri is a very rich community because many of the people are associated with leather industries of Kanpur and Kolkata.They are mainly tannery owners or servicemen. Bahorwa in Ballia District, Lar in Deoria District and Batrauli in Kushinagar District are dominated by descendend of Iraqis who migrated during seventeenth century.
They are found primarily in Pakistan and India. In Pakistan, Iraqi biradris live in high concentrations in the city of Karachi. 0.2% of Muslims in Purvanchal are Iraqi.In Kanpur about two percent of Muslims are Iraqi and in Kolkata about 0.5% of Muslims are Iraqi biradri.
The only Iraqitown in India is in Kanpur's Jajmau region. KDA Colony of Jajmau is also sometimes referred to as Iraqitown as 95% of KDA Colony is Iraqi.Al Jamia Al Iraqi Al Hind in Kanpur is continuously working for welfare of Iraqi Tamimis.
Major cities with Iraqi biradri communities
- Jajmau (a suburb of Kanpur with 90% of population of Muslims) (M)
- Kanpur (M)
- Karachi (M)
- Kolkata (M)
- Howrah (M)
- Lucknow (M)
- Delhi (M)
- Lahore (M)
- Chennai (M)
- Gorakhpur (M)
- Deoria-Rampur Karkhana, Lar, Pindi, Barhaj
- Barhaj, Uttar Pradesh
- Ghazipur (Ghazipur District)-Gangauli, Nonahar, Zangipur
- Ballia District-Bahorwa, Nawanagar, Kundail Niyamat Ali, Belthara
- Padrauna-Kasia, Mahason, Nbeua Norangiya, Khadda
- Nasreen Jalil-Naib Nazim of Karachi
- Yasmeen Lari-First women architect of Pakistan
- Mushir Alam and Mohammad Riaz or Mushir-Riaz duo-Producer of late century films like-Mehbooba, Zabardast, Bairaag, Virasat (1997 film), Commando (1988 film), Shakti (1982 film), Akayla, Samundar, Safar (film) and Rajput (film). They also produce feature film Adventures of Tarzan.