|Regions with significant populations|
|Kanpur, Karachi, Lahore, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Kolkata|
|Urdu, Persian and Arabic|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Iraqi people, Iraqi diaspora|
The word Birâdrî (Persian: برادري) means "brotherhood", originating from the word Birâdar, which means "brother" in Persian. In Pakistan and India it is used to denote a number of social strata among Muslims.
Theory of origin
The Iraqi Biradri are Sunni Muslims and are an Urdu-speaking community, though the better educated also speak Persian and some religiously oriented families also speak Arabic. The name "Iraqi" is an ethnonym. In Persian and Urdu, the terminal i is what is called in Arabic morphology "yâ' an-nisba" (ياء النسبة) meaning "the letter yâ of association". Though most Iraqis of the Indian subcontinent speak Urdu, gravestones from as far back as the 1800s found as far east as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are branded with both Persian and liturgical Arabic. Iraqi Biradri is a very rich community because many of the people are associated with leather industries of Kanpur and Kolkata.They are mainly tannery owners or servicemen. Iraqi Biradri is a highly educated community. Iraqis are descendend of Syed Masud Al Husseini who came to Ghazipur in India form Iraq in 1330 AD. He alon with his seven sons and forty champions from Iraq defeated the Raja of Ghazipur in battle and established his kingship in Ghazipur in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. He was a Shia by sect. In the reign of Mughal Emperor Humayun some of his descendend converted to Sunni Islam. They wanted to be separated from their Shia counterparts so they affixed the term Iraqi for themselves. Every Iraqi in different part of India has some or the other relative in Ghazipur. Ghazipur's Gangauli village is mostly dominated by Iraqis and Shias basically the descendend of Syed Masud. Huge concentration of Iraqis and Shias can also be found in Zangipur and Nonahara. These villages were occupied by sons of Syed Masud. Bahorwa in Ballia District, Lar in Deoria District and Batrauli in Kushinagar District are dominated by descendend of Iraqis who migrated during seventeenth century.
They are found primarily in Pakistan and India. In Pakistan, Iraqi biradris live in high concentrations in the city of Karachi. 0.2% of Muslims in Purvanchal are Iraqi.In Kanpur about two percent of Muslims are Iraqi and in Kolkata about 0.5% of Muslims are Iraqi biradri.
The only Iraqitown in India is in Kanpur's Jajmau region. KDA Colony of Jajmau is also sometimes referred to as Iraqitown as 95% of KDA Colony is Iraqi.
Major cities with Iraqi biradri communities
- Jajmau (a suburb of Kanpur with 90% of population of Muslims) (M)
- Kanpur (M)
- Karachi (M)
- Kolkata (M)
- Howrah (M)
- Lahore (M)
- Chennai (M)
- Gorakhpur (M)
- Barhaj, Uttar Pradesh
- Ghazipur (Ghazipur District)
- Ballia District
- Padrauna (Kushinagar District)
- Siwan (Siwan District)
- Patna (M)
- Muzaffarpur (Muzaffarpur District)
- Other important towns of eastern UP Bihar and Jharkhand