Irasburg, Vermont

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Irasburg, Vermont
Town
Located in Orleans County, Vermont
Located in Orleans County, Vermont
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Coordinates: 44°48′22″N 72°16′4″W / 44.80611°N 72.26778°W / 44.80611; -72.26778Coordinates: 44°48′22″N 72°16′4″W / 44.80611°N 72.26778°W / 44.80611; -72.26778
Country United States
State Vermont
County Orleans
Chartered February 23, 1781
Area
 • Total 40.6 sq mi (105.1 km2)
 • Land 40.5 sq mi (105.0 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 814 ft (313 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,077
 • Density 26.6/sq mi (10.3/km2)
 • Households 405
 • Families 317
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05845
Area code 802
FIPS code 50-35575[1]
GNIS feature ID 1462124[2]

Irasburg is a town in Orleans County, Vermont, United States. Irasburg was established in 1781 when the land was granted to Ira Allen, Roger Enos, Jerusha Enos (wife of Roger Enos), Jerusha Enos, Jr. (wife of Ira Allen), Roger Enos, Jr. and others by the Vermont General Assembly.[3] Ira Allen later obtained the rights of the other proprietors, and he deeded the town to Jerusha Enos, Jr. as a wedding gift.[4]

In 2010 the US census reported that there were 1096 citizens living in Irasburg.[5] Irasburg has a total land area of 40.6 square miles (105 km2), 40.5 square miles (105 km2) being land and .1 square miles (0.26 km2) being water.

On average, it snows 9 out of the 12 months of the year.[6]


Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.6 square miles (105.1 km2), of which 40.5 square miles (105.0 km2) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km2) (0.15%) is water.

The Black River flows through the town in a northerly direction, receiving a number of small streams. It enters east of Potters Pond. It continues northeast, then east to the village of Irasburg. Just upstream of the village, Lords Creek enters. This creek is about 10 miles (16 km) long and drains a watershed that is 17 square miles (44 km2). Downstream of Irasburg, the Black River continues north. It then flows into the town of Coventry.[7]

The Barton River, after leaving Orleans, flows through eastern Irasburg, and enters Coventry.

Climate[edit]

Record temperatures have never exceeded 98 °F (37 °C). July, the hottest month, has averaged just over 80 °F (27 °C). The record low occurred in December where temperatures reached −40 °F (−40 °C). On average it snows 9 out of the 12 months of the year. The majority of the snowfall occurs between the months of November and March. Each of these months average over 10 inches (250 mm). Irasburg averages about 103 inches (2,600 mm) of snow annually.

Climate data for Newport, Vermont
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
62
(17)
83
(28)
87
(31)
92
(33)
95
(35)
98
(37)
95
(35)
96
(36)
84
(29)
74
(23)
66
(19)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 26.3
(−3.2)
31.0
(−0.6)
41.0
(5)
54.2
(12.3)
69.0
(20.6)
76.8
(24.9)
80.9
(27.2)
78.8
(26)
69.5
(20.8)
57.0
(13.9)
43.1
(6.2)
31.0
(−0.6)
54.88
(12.71)
Average low °F (°C) 5.5
(−14.7)
7.8
(−13.4)
18.7
(−7.4)
31.3
(−0.4)
43.2
(6.2)
52.4
(11.3)
56.8
(13.8)
54.8
(12.7)
46.8
(8.2)
37.0
(2.8)
27.3
(−2.6)
13.0
(−10.6)
32.88
(0.49)
Record low °F (°C) −38
(−39)
−38
(−39)
−32
(−36)
−2
(−19)
20
(−7)
28
(−2)
36
(2)
32
(0)
20
(−7)
0
(−18)
−7
(−22)
−40
(−40)
−40
(−40)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.96
(75.2)
2.16
(54.9)
2.96
(75.2)
2.93
(74.4)
3.67
(93.2)
3.93
(99.8)
4.19
(106.4)
4.18
(106.2)
3.76
(95.5)
3.45
(87.6)
3.47
(88.1)
3.12
(79.2)
40.78
(1,035.7)
Snowfall inches (cm) 24.7
(62.7)
17.2
(43.7)
18.8
(47.8)
6.9
(17.5)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
01
(3)
1.1
(2.8)
11.0
(27.9)
23.1
(58.7)
102.9
(261.4)
Source: NOAA [6]

History[edit]

The land now known as Irasburg Vermont was granted on February 23, 1781, to Ira Allen, by the General Assembly of Vermont. At this point in time, the lands of Vermont were claimed by both New Hampshire and Maine. The Continental Congress ordered that the land would not be distributed until the inhabitants of Maine, New Hampshire, and the land known as "Vermont" resolved the conflict of who truly owned the land. The General assembly of Vermont ignored this order however and Vermont was granted to 40-70 individuals. Ira Allen, the person known to have been granted the most land, was born in Colchester in 1790 and attended Middlebury College and the University of Vermont. The Allens leased the land which they had received to settlers. Although Ira Allen was the first to be granted land, Irasburg's first settler was Caleb Leach in 1798. No land was conveyed by deed however, until Ira H. Allen, son of Ira Allen, became town resident in 1814 and served as town clerk.[3]

Captain James Richardson settled Irasburg in 1803 and is believed to have opened the first tavern in Town.[3]

The production of salts and pearl-ashes was the primary industry in Irasburg for the beginning of the 19th century. Although there was an embargo, these goods were transported to Canada. During this time, there was a large amount of smuggling of the salts and pearl-ashes by town residents.[3]

Mills emerged in Irasburg as early as 1810. By the 1820s, the town began to prosper as industrial sites began to emerge which included, a woolen mill, tannery, and factory production of stoves and plows.[3]

The Old Heerman Mill was located here.

In 1812, the legislature voted to change the shire town of Orleans County to Irasburg. Supporting buildings were completed in 1816.[8]

In 1812, Irasburg became an Orleans County shire town, and remained this was until 1886.[3] In 1886, the legislature moved the shire town to Newport.[9]

The first courthouse and jail were built in 1815, by Irasburg residents at their own expense. The original courthouse was moved in 1847 however, and a new one was built on the same site. The original jail was built of timber, and was replaced by one which was made of stone in 1838. This was eventually made of one made of granite in 1862.[3] In 1862, Company E of the 9th Vermont Infantry was recruited, in part, from Irasburg.

In 1877, the town was still spelled "Irasburgh."[10]

The Irasburg town hall was built in 1911 and remodeled in 1990.[11]

The town was in the national news in 2010 when it appeared that a moose was going to be destroyed for theoretically carrying disease; but mostly because "tamed" wildlife is not allowed in Vermont. The Vermont legislature crafted a law that spared the moose's life.[12][13][14]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,096 people, 452 households, and 318 families residing in Irasburg. There were 545 housing units. The racial makeup of the town was 96.6% White, 1059 people, .5% black, 5 people, .1% Native American, 1 person, 0.5% Asian, 5 people, 0.5% from other races, 6 people, and 1.8% from two or more races, 20 people. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.1% of the population, 12 people.

There were 452 households out of which 27.9%, 127 households, had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 255 households, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 43 people, 4.4% were males with no family, 20 people, and 21.7% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 102, and 4.4%, 20 houses had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.81.

The ages of people were found as follows. 54 people, or 4.9% of the population were from 5 to 9 years old. 74, or 6.8% were from 10 to 14 years. 70, or 6.4% were form 15 to 19 years old. 76, or 6.9% were from 20 to 24 years old. 49, or 4.5% were from 25 to 29 years old. 63 or 5.7% were from 30 to 34 years old. 62, or 5.7% were from 35 to 39 years old. 59, or 5.4% were from 40 to 44 years old. 71, or 6.5% were from 45 to 49 years old. 105, or 9.6% were from 50 to 54 years. 89, or 8.1% were from 55 to 59 years old. 86, or 7.8% were from 60 to 64 years old. 63, or 5.7%, were from 65 to 69 years old. 64, or 5.8% were from 70 to 74 years old. 45, or 4.1% were from 75 to 79 years old. 27, or 2.5%, were from 80 to 84 years old. 18, or 1.6% were 85 years and over.

At the time of the 2010 census there were 574 males and 522 females living in Irasburg. The median age for males was 42, and the median age for females was 44.4.[5]


Government[edit]

Town[edit]

  • Moderator - David Turner
  • Selectman - Randy Wells,[15] Roger Gagnon (2010)
  • Town Clerk - Barbara Lawson
  • Town Treasurer - Barbara Lawson
  • Tax Collector - Alan Butler
  • Auditor (2007–2010) - Carmen Lamarche
  • Auditor (2007–2009) - Angela Goodrich
  • Lister (2007–2010) - Mark Fontaine
  • Lister (2007–2009) - Alice Couture
  • Lister (2007–2008) - Todd Rivers
  • First Constable (2010)- Ronald Pray

Budget - $370,576

School district[edit]

  • Director - Amy Leroux
  • Director (2007–2010) - Kimico Perry
  • Member, Orleans Central Supervisory Union - Renee Fontaine (2007–2010)
  • Budget - $1,803,259 plus assessment for Lake Region Union High School
  • Number of students - 130
  • Special Needs students - 20%
  • Per student - "over $16,000"

There is only one elementary school (Irasburg Village School). The school consists of students in 5th through 8th grade, consisting of a total of 130 students.[16]

The school provides three seasons of intramural sports. It is located in East Irasburg.[17]

Irasburg Village School is part of the Orleans Central Supervisory Union. 9th through 12th grade students attend the Lake Region Union High School.[18]


Cultural events[edit]

The Kingdom run annual road race that takes place in Irasburg Vermont each summer. The race both begins and finishes in the Irasburg town commons. The race consists of a down and back course which varies between paved and dirt roads. Runners have the option of participating in a 5 km, 10 km, or 20 km distance. Water stations are placed at the 5 km, 10 km and 20 km turn arounds, as well as the 5 mile mark. Participants have the ability to either walk or run, and the record times are recorded for each distance. When results are analyzed at the end, the participants are grouped by sex. The record holders for each group are seen below.[citation needed][19]

The annual Irasburg Church Fair started 1952. It began in order to raise enough money to carpet the altar of the church. Since then, the proceeds of the church fair have been used to maintain the church building. The fair includes an auction and the sale of baked goods.[20][21]

Landmarks[edit]

There is a round barn on Vermont Route 58 about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the village of Irasburg.[22]

Notable people[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Old Stone House Museum". Retrieved 19 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Marjorie A. Orcutt, Edward S. Alexander, A History of Irasburg, Vermont, 1989, page 20
  5. ^ a b "2010 Census Population for ZIP Code 05845". 2010 United States Census. Retrieved 19 October 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Climatography of the United States No. 20". NOAA. Retrieved October 21, 2012. 
  7. ^ [1] retrieved July 17, 2008[dead link]
  8. ^ "Gazetteer". Rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  9. ^ Young, Darlene (1998). A history of Barton Vermont. Crystal Lake Falls Historical Association. 
  10. ^ "XX indexVermont". Rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  11. ^ Old Stone House Museum (June 29, 2007). Big band dance to honor Korean War veterans. the Chronicle. 
  12. ^ "Targeted for death, Vt. moose gets a reprieve". Associated Press. 2010-05-25. Archived from the original on 2010-05-25. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  13. ^ Zezima, Katie (2009-10-04). "NY Times". Vermont: NY Times. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  14. ^ "Targeted for death, Vt. moose gets a reprieve". News.Yahoo.com. 2010-05-25. Archived from the original on 2010-05-25. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  15. ^ Small number of voters make some significant decisions,The Chronicle,March 7, 2007, page13
  16. ^ "Irasburg Village School Enrollment 2010-2011". Irasburg Town Report. Retrieved 19 October 2012. 
  17. ^ "Welcome To Irasburg Village School Website". Retrieved October 18, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Lake Region Union High School". Retrieved 19 October 2012. 
  19. ^ "Kingdom Run 2012". Kingdom Run. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  20. ^ Green Mountain Designs. "Irasburg Church Fair". Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  21. ^ "Vermont Church Listings". Vtcucc.org. Retrieved July 19, 2007. 
  22. ^ "Photo of Round Barn". Dalejtravis.com. Retrieved 2012-11-01.