Ireland–Mexico relations

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Ireland–Mexico relations
Map indicating locations of Ireland and Mexico

Ireland

Mexico

Ireland–Mexico relations refer to relations between Ireland and Mexico. The relationship has been often associated with the Irish migration to Mexico. Both nations are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations and World Trade Organization.

History[edit]

Embassy of Mexico in Dublin
Commemorative plaque placed at the San Jacinto Plaza in Mexico City. It states: "In memory of the Irish soldiers of the heroic St. Patrick's Battalion, martyrs who gave their lives for Mexico during the unjust invasion by the United States of 1847."

During Spanish colonization of Mexico, several Spanish Viceroy's were of Irish descent such as Juan O'Donojú who was the last Spanish Viceroy.[1] Since Mexican independence, many Irish have immigrated to Mexico and have contributed to its culture and development.[2] During the Mexican-American war (1846-1848), many Irish immigrants in the United States abandoned their posts and joined Mexican forces because of what they felt was discrimination and persecution of their Catholic faith by non-Catholic Americans.[3] One of the most popular Irish battalions during the war was that of the St. Patrick's Battalion which fought on the Mexican side during the Battle of Buena Vista and Battle of Churubusco in 1847, among others.[4]

On 10 January 1974, both nations established diplomatic relations.[5] At first, Mexico was accredited to Ireland from its embassy in London and Ireland was accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, DC. In 1990, both nations agreed to open resident diplomatic missions and in June 1991, Mexico opened its embassy on Raglan Road, Dublin and Ireland followed suit by opening its embassy in Mexico City in September 1999.[5]

The Irish and Mexican presidents Michael D. Higgins and Enrique Peña Nieto held a bilateral meeting in Rome on 20 March 2013, the day after the papal inauguration of Pope Francis. Peña invited Higgins to visit Mexico,[6] and the Irish president began a four-day official visit on 19 October 2013 as part of a three-nation trip to Central America.[7][8]

In 2015, both nations celebrated 40 years since the establishment of diplomatic relations between both countries.

State visits[edit]

Presidential and Prime Ministerial (Taoiseach) visits from Ireland to Mexico[5][9][10][11]

Presidential visits from Mexico to Ireland

Trade[edit]

In 1997, Mexico signed a Free Trade Agreement with the European Union (which includes Ireland). Mexico was Ireland's 21st largest export market in 2007. In 2014, two-way trade between both nations amounted to $1,846 billion USD.[12] Ireland's main exports to Mexico include: pharmaceutical and health products such as medicines, machines and chemicals; milk based products and electronics while Mexico's main exports to Ireland include: artery and veins prosthetics, alcohol (beer), lemons, airplane parts and circuits.[12] In 2008, the Irish Government opened an Enterprise Ireland office in Mexico.[13][14]

Resident diplomatic missions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]