Irene Dunne

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Irene Dunne
IreneDunneinLoveAffair.jpg
from the film Love Affair (1939)
Born Irene Marie Dunn
(1898-12-20)December 20, 1898
Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
Died September 4, 1990(1990-09-04) (aged 91)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Occupation Actress
Years active 1922–1985
1922–1962 (acting)
Spouse(s) Francis Dennis Griffin (m. 1928; died 1965)
Children 1

Irene Dunne (December 20, 1898 – September 4, 1990) was an American film actress and singer of the 1930s, 1940s and early 1950s. Dunne was nominated five times for the Academy Award for Best Actress, for her performances in Cimarron (1931), Theodora Goes Wild (1936), The Awful Truth (1937), Love Affair (1939) and I Remember Mama (1948). She was named to the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1958.[1]

Early life[edit]

Born Irene Marie Dunn in Louisville, Kentucky, to Joseph Dunn, a steamboat inspector for the United States government, and Adelaide Henry, a concert pianist/music teacher from Newport, Kentucky, Irene Dunn would later write, "No triumph of either my stage or screen career has ever rivalled the excitement of trips down the Mississippi on the river boats with my father." She was only eleven when her father died in 1909. She saved all of his letters and often remembered and lived by what he told her the night before he died: "Happiness is never an accident. It is the prize we get when we choose wisely from life's great stores."[2]

After her father's death, Irene, her mother, and her younger brother Charles moved to her mother's hometown of Madison, Indiana. Dunn's mother taught her to play the piano as a very small girl. According to Dunn, "Music was as natural as breathing in our house."[2] Dunne was raised as a devout Roman Catholic.[3] Nicknamed "Dunnie," she took piano and voice lessons, sang in local churches and high school plays before her graduation in 1916.

She earned a diploma to teach art, but took a chance on a contest and won a prestigious scholarship to the Chicago Musical College, where she graduated in 1926. With a soprano voice,[4] she had hopes of becoming an opera singer, but did not pass the audition with the Metropolitan Opera Company.

Career[edit]

Irene, after adding an "e" to her surname, turned to musical theater, making her Broadway debut in 1922 in Zelda Sears's The Clinging Vine.[5] The following year, Dunne played a season of light opera in Atlanta, Georgia. Though in her own words Dunne created "no great furor", by 1929 she had a successful Broadway career playing leading roles, grateful to be at center stage rather than in the chorus line. In July 1928, Dunne married Francis Griffin, a New York dentist,[6] whom she had met in 1924 at a supper dance in New York. Despite differing opinions and battles that raged furiously,[2] Dunne eventually agreed to marry him and leave the theater.

Dunne's role as Magnolia Hawks in Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II's Show Boat was the result of a chance meeting with showman Florenz Ziegfeld in an elevator the day she returned from her honeymoon. Dunne was discovered by Hollywood while starring with the road company of Show Boat[7] in 1929. Dunne signed a contract with RKO and appeared in her first movie in 1930, Leathernecking, a film version of the musical Present Arms. She moved to Hollywood with her mother and brother and maintained a long-distance marriage with her husband in New York until he joined her in California in 1936. That year, she re-created her role as Magnolia in what is considered the classic film version of the famous musical Show Boat, directed by James Whale. (Edna Ferber's novel, on which the musical is based, had already been filmed as a part-talkie in 1929, and the musical would be remade in Technicolor in 1951, but the 1936 film is considered by most critics and many film buffs to be the definitive motion picture version.)[citation needed]

During the 1930s and 1940s, Dunne blossomed into a popular screen heroine in movies such as the original Back Street (1932) and the original Magnificent Obsession (1935). The first of three films she made opposite Charles Boyer, Love Affair (1939) is perhaps one of her best known. She starred, and sang "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes", in the 1935 Fred Astaire-Ginger Rogers film version of the musical Roberta.

Dunne and Melvyn Douglas in Theodora Goes Wild promotional poster (1936)

She was apprehensive about attempting her first comedy role, as the title character in Theodora Goes Wild (1936), but discovered that she enjoyed it.[8] She turned out to possess an aptitude for comedy, with a flair for combining the elegant and the madcap, a quality she displayed in such films as The Awful Truth (1937) and My Favorite Wife (1940), both co-starring Cary Grant. Other notable roles include Julie Gardiner Adams in Penny Serenade (1941) (once again opposite Grant), Anna Leonowens in Anna and the King of Siam (1946), Lavinia Day in Life with Father (1947), and Marta Hanson in I Remember Mama (1948). In The Mudlark (1950), Dunne was nearly unrecognizable under heavy makeup as Queen Victoria.

She retired from the screen in 1952, after the comedy It Grows on Trees. The following year, she was the opening act on the 1953 March of Dimes showcase in New York City. While in town, she made an appearance as the mystery guest on What's My Line? She also made television performances on Ford Theatre, General Electric Theater, and the Schlitz Playhouse of Stars, continuing to act until 1962.

Dunne commented in an interview that she had lacked the "terrifying ambition" of some other actresses and said, "I drifted into acting and drifted out. Acting is not everything. Living is."[9]

Later life[edit]

Dunne was present at Disneyland on "Dedication Day" in 1955 and was asked by Walt Disney to christen the Mark Twain River Boat, which she did with a bottle filled with water from several major rivers across the United States.

In 1957, President Eisenhower appointed Dunne one of five alternative U.S. delegates to the United Nations in recognition of her interest in international affairs and Roman Catholic and Republican causes.[10] In her retirement, Dunne devoted herself primarily to civic, philanthropic, and Republican political causes.[11] In 1965, Dunne became a board member of Technicolor, the first woman ever elected to the board of directors.[12]

Personal life[edit]

Dunne remained married to Dr. Francis Griffin until his death on October 15, 1965. They lived in Holmby Hills, California in a Southern plantation-style mansion they designed. They had one daughter, Mary Frances (née Anna Mary Bush), who was adopted in 1938 from the New York Foundling Hospital, run by the Sisters of Charity of New York.[13] Both Dunne and her husband were members of the Knights of Malta.

She was a devout Catholic who became a daily communicant. She was a member of the Church of the Good Shepherd and the Catholic Motion Picture Guild in Beverly Hills, California.[14] She was good friends with actress Loretta Young and remained close to others like Jimmy Stewart.[15]

One of her last public appearances was in April 1985, when she attended the dedication of a bust in her honor at St. John's (Roman Catholic) Hospital in Santa Monica, California, for which her foundation, The Irene Dunne Guild, had raised more than $20 million. The Irene Dunne Guild remains "instrumental in raising funds to support programs and services at St. John's" hospital in Santa Monica.[16]

Death[edit]

Irene died at her Holmby Hills home in Los Angeles on September 4, 1990 and is entombed in the Calvary Cemetery, East Los Angeles. Her personal papers are housed at the University of Southern California. She was survived by her daughter, two grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Dunne has been described as the best actress never to win an Academy Award.[17] She received five Best Actress nominations during her career: for Cimarron (1931), Theodora Goes Wild (1936), The Awful Truth (1937), Love Affair (1939) and I Remember Mama (1948).

In 1985, she was awarded the Kennedy Center Honors, Lifetime Achievement for a career that spanned three decades and a range of musical theater, the silver screen, Broadway, radio and television. Other honors include the Laetare Medal from Notre Dame University in 1949, the Bellarmine Medal from Bellarmine College in 1965 and Colorado's Women of Achievement in 1968. She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6440 Hollywood Blvd. and displays in the Warner Bros. Museum and Center for Motion Picture Study.[18]

Filmography[edit]

Feature films[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1930 Leathernecking Delphine Witherspoon
1931 Cimarron Sabra Cravat Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
The Slippery Pearls Herself Film produced for charity by the Masquers Club
Bachelor Apartment Helene Andrews
The Great Lover Diana Page
Consolation Marriage Mary Brown Porter
1932 Symphony of Six Million Jessica
Back Street Ray Smith
Thirteen Women Laura Stanhope
1933 No Other Woman Anna Stanley
The Secret of Madame Blanche Sally Sanders St. John
The Silver Cord Christina Phelps
Ann Vickers Ann Vickers
If I Were Free Sarah Cazenove
1934 This Man Is Mine Tony Dunlap
Stingaree Hilda Bouverie
The Age of Innocence Countess Ellen Olenska
Sweet Adeline Adeline "Addie" Schmidt
1935 Roberta Stephanie
Magnificent Obsession Helen Hudson
1936 Show Boat Magnolia Hawks
Theodora Goes Wild Theodora Lynn/Caroline Adams Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
1937 High, Wide, and Handsome Sally Watterson
The Awful Truth Lucy Warriner Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
1938 Joy of Living Margaret "Maggie" Garret
1939 Love Affair Terry Mckay Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
Invitation to Happiness Eleanor Wayne
When Tomorrow Comes Helen Lawrence
1940 My Favorite Wife Ellen Arden
1941 Penny Serenade Julie Gardiner Adams
Unfinished Business Nancy Andrews
1942 Lady in a Jam Jane Palmer
1943 Show Business at War Herself
A Guy Named Joe Dorinda Durston
1944 The White Cliffs of Dover Susan Dunn
Together Again Anne Crandall
1945 Over 21 Paula "Polly" Wharton
1946 Anna and the King of Siam Anna Owens
1947 Life with Father Vinnie Day
1948 I Remember Mama Martha "Mama" Hanson Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
1950 Never a Dull Moment Kay Kingsley Heyward
The Mudlark Queen Victoria
1951 You Can Change the World Herself film produced by The Christophers
1952 It Grows on Trees Polly Baxter

Television[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

In the Mad Men Season2 episode, "Maidenform", Peggy Olson questions her male colleagues' categorizations of women as "Marilyns" or "Jackies" and asks which she is. Ken Cosgrove quips that she's Gertrude Stein, and the younger men laugh. Don Draper quickly counters that Peggy is Irene Dunne, which Freddy Rumsen supports with, "I love Irene Dunne".[19]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Vanity Fair
  2. ^ a b c Irene Dunn (February 17, 1945). "Hats, Hunches and Happiness". Picturegoer Magazine. 
  3. ^ Stafford, Jeff. "Thirteen Women". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2010-08-12. Irene Dunne, a devout Catholic,... 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ The Clinging Vine, Internet Broadway Database
  6. ^ Jackson, Kenneth T. & Markoe, Arnie (1998). The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives: 1986-1990. Scribner's. p. 262. ISBN 0684804913. 
  7. ^ http://www.irenedunnesite.com/biography/the-pre-hollywood-years-1898-1929/
  8. ^ Robert Osborne, Turner Classic Movies introduction to the film.
  9. ^ Shipman, David. Movie Talk, St Martin's Press, 1988, p 37
  10. ^ "Ike Appoints Irene Dunne to U.N. Post" (August 10, 1957). Palm Beach Post, p. 4.
  11. ^ Gehring, Wes D., Irene Dunne: First Lady of Hollywood, Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2006, pp. 168–170.
  12. ^ Gehring, Wes D., Irene Dunne: First Lady of Hollywood, Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2006, p. 176.
  13. ^ "Irene Dunne Adopts Baby: Actress Formally Becomes Foster-Mother of Girl, 4", The New York Times, 17 March 1938, p. 17
  14. ^ Church of the Good Shepherd: Our History
  15. ^ a painting of James Stewart and Irene Dunne together is displayed in the James Stewart Museum in Indiana, PA: http://www.jimmy.org/
  16. ^ See http://www.newstjohns.org/Saint_Johns_Foundation/Support_Groups_and_Community_Partnerships.aspx
  17. ^ Milton, Michael. "Neil Postman, Irene Dunne and the Right Use of Entertainment" (accessed 21 August 2010)
  18. ^ Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Margaret Herrick Library, 2000, Gifts of Vanna Bonta
  19. ^ Deborah Lipp (January 7, 2009). "Peggy is neither a Marilyn or a Jackie". Lippsisters.com. 

References[edit]

  • TCM Film Guide, "Leading Ladies: The 50 Most Unforgettable Actresses of the Studio Era", Chronicle Books, San Francisco, California, 2006.

Books[edit]

  • Pursuits of Happiness, by Stanley Cavell, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1981.
  • The Runaway Bride: Hollywood Romantic Comedy of the 1930s, by Elizabeth Kendall, New York, 1990.
  • Irene Dunne: A Bio-Bibliography, by Margie Schultz, New York, 1991.
  • Irene Dunne: First Lady of Hollywood, by Wes D. Gehring (Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2003).
  • Irene Dunne: a bio-bibliography, by Margie Schultz (New York: Greenwood Press, 1991).
  • Fast-talking Dames, by Maria DiBattista (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001).

Articles[edit]

  • "I'm Still In Love With Irene Dunne", by Wes D. Gehring, USA Today, July 2003
  • "Irene Dunne – Elegant Leading Lady of the Golden Age", by John Roberts; Films of the Golden Age (Fall, 1998, Issue #14).
  • "We Remember Irene," Film Comment (New York), by Richard Schickel, March/April 1991.
  • "Irene Dunne: Nominee for The Awful Truth," Architectural Digest (Los Angeles), by Richard Schickel, April 1990.
  • "Irene Dunne (1904–1990): A Bright Star," Filmnews,by Peter Kemp November 1990.
  • "Irene Dunne, Top-rank Film Star of the '30s and '40s, Dead at 88," Variety (New York), 10 September 1990.
  • "Irene Dunne: The Awesome Truth," Film Comment (New York), by James McCourt January/February 1980.
  • Interview with J. Harvey, Film Comment (New York), January/February 1980.
  • "Irene Dunne," interview with John Kobal, in Focus on Film (London), no. 28, 1977.
  • "Hats – Hunches and Happiness" by Irene Dunne Picturegoer, (England) February, 1945.
  • "Irene Dunne: Native Treasure", Close-Ups: The Movie Star Book, DeWitt Bodeen, edited by Danny Peary, New York, 1978.
  • Irene Dunne, in Films in Review (New York), Madden, J. C., December 1969.

External links[edit]