Iris cristata

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Dwarf Crested Iris
Iris cristata.jpg
In the Great Smoky Mountains
Conservation status

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Limniris
Section: Lophiris
Species: I. cristata
Binomial name
Iris cristata
  • Evansia cristata (Aiton) Klatt
  • Iris cristata var. alba Dykes
  • Iris glumacea Raf.
  • Iris glumacea var. angustifolia Raf.
  • Iris odorata Pers.
  • Neubeckia cristata (Aiton) Alef. [1]

Iris cristata, the Dwarf Crested Iris, is a beardless rhizomatous iris (genus Iris, subgenus Limniris), endemic to the eastern United States, south of where the Wisconsinan glaciation spread about 11,000 years ago.[2]

Iris cristata is a close relative to Iris lacustris (Dwarf lake iris), the only other crested iris native to North America, which, unlike the Crested iris, is found only in small areas of the Great Lakes region that have been glacier-free for only 11,000 years.[2]

It is found in many American states including, Ohio.[3]


  1. ^ "Iris cristata Aiton is an accepted name". (The Plant List). 23 March 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Gary L. Hannan; Michael W. Orick; Gary L. Hannan; Michael W. Orick (2000). "Isozyme Diversity in Iris cristata and the Threatened Glacial Endemic I. Lacustris (Iridaceae)". American Journal of Botany 87 (3): 293–301. doi:10.2307/2656625. JSTOR 2656625. PMID 10718990. 
  3. ^ Tom S. Cooperrider, Allison Cusick, John T. Kartesz (Editors) Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ohio &pg=PA92 agWRx_4tfLoC , p. 92, at Google Books
  • Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, Duhl, Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians, Lone Pine Publishing, (2005) p 441, ISBN 978-1-55105-428-5

External links[edit]

Media related to Iris cristata at Wikimedia Commons