Iris foetidissima

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Iris foetidissima
Iris foetidissima PaR.JPG
Stinking iris flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Limniris
Section: Limniris
Species: I. foetidissima
Binomial name
Iris foetidissima
L.

Iris foetidissima (Stinking iris, gladdon, Gladwin iris, roast-beef plant, stinking gladwin), is a species of iris found in open woodland, hedgebanks and sea-cliffs.

Its natural range is Western Europe, including England south of Durham and also Ireland, and from France south and east to N. Africa, Italy and Greece.[1]

Stinking Iris seeds

It is one of two iris species native to Britain, the other being the yellow iris (Iris pseudacorus). Its flowers are usually of a dull, leaden-blue colour, or dull buff-yellow tinged with blue; the capsules, which remain attached to the plant throughout the winter, are 5–8 cm long; and the seeds scarlet.

It is known as "stinking" because some people find the smell of its leaves unpleasant when crushed or bruised, an odour that has been described as "beefy".

This plant is cultivated in gardens in the temperate zones. Both the species[2] and its cultivar 'Variegata'[3] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Plants For A Future: Iris foetidissima
  2. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Iris foetidissima". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Iris foetidissima 'Variegata'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 2013-05-20.