Iris sibirica

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Iris sibirica
Sibirische Schwertlilie, Iris sibirica 06.JPG
Iris sibirica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Limniris
Species: I. sibirica
Binomial name
Iris sibirica
L.
Synonyms

Iris nertchinskia Lodd.
Iris thunbergii C.E.Lundstr.

Iris sibirica - MHNT

Iris sibirica, the Siberian Iris or Siberian flag, is a species of flowering plant in the family Iridaceae, native to north east Turkey, Russia, eastern and central Europe. Growing 50–120 cm (20–47 in) tall, it is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial. The leaves are glaucous green, narrow and fairly rigid, blade-shaped, 40–80 cm (16–31 in) long and 2–4 cm broad. The flowers are typical of an iris, borne in late spring or early summer on unbranched or sparsely-branched stems held above the leaves, each flower 4–7 cm in diameter, mid- to purple-blue, often with a paler whitish or yellowish centre.

Cultivation and uses[edit]

I. sibirica is widely cultivated in temperate regions. It is classed in the beardless Siberian section of rhizomatous irises, and is the parent of many hybrids, used because of its attractive foliage and ability to flourish in a wide range of climates; the hybrids vary widely in flower colour.[1]

The following cultivars of I. sibirica have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-

  • 'Butter and Sugar'[2]
  • 'Cambridge'[3]
  • 'Ruffled Velvet'[4]
  • 'Silver Edge'[5]

Iris sibirica Cultivars

References[edit]

  1. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  2. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Iris 'Butter and Sugar'". Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Iris 'Cambridge'". Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Iris 'Ruffled Velvet'". Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Iris 'Silver Edge'". Retrieved 25 June 2013. 

External links[edit]