Irish coffee

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For the other uses, see Irish Coffee (disambiguation).
Irish Coffee
IBA Official Cocktail
Irish coffee glass.jpg
A glass of Irish coffee
Type Mixed drink
Primary alcohol by volume
Served Hot
Standard drinkware
Irish Coffee Glass (Footed).svg
Irish coffee mug
IBA specified ingredients*
Preparation Heat the coffee, whiskey and sugar; do not boil. Pour into glass and top with cream; serve hot.
* Irish Coffee recipe at International Bartenders Association

Irish coffee (Irish: caife Gaelach) is a cocktail consisting of hot coffee, Irish whiskey, and sugar (some recipes specify that brown sugar should be used[1]), stirred, and topped with thick cream. The coffee is drunk through the cream. The original recipe explicitly uses cream that has not been whipped, although drinks made with whipped cream are often sold as "Irish coffee".

Origin[edit]

Although different variations of coffee cocktails pre-date the now-classic Irish coffee by at least 100 years, the original Irish coffee was invented and named by Joe Sheridan, a head chef in Foynes, County Limerick but originally from Castlederg, County Tyrone. Foynes' port was the precursor to Shannon International Airport in the west of Ireland. The coffee was conceived after a group of American passengers disembarked from a Pan Am flying boat on a miserable winter evening in the 1940s. Sheridan added whiskey to the coffee to warm the passengers. After the passengers asked if they were being served Brazilian coffee, Sheridan told them it was "Irish coffee".[2][3]

Stanton Delaplane, a travel writer for the San Francisco Chronicle, brought Irish coffee to the United States after drinking it at Shannon Airport, when he worked with the Buena Vista Cafe in San Francisco to start serving it on November 10, 1952,[4] and worked with the bar owners Jack Koeppler and George Freeberg to recreate the Irish method for floating the cream on top of the coffee, sampling the drink one night until he nearly passed out.[5][6] The group also sought help from the city's then mayor, George Christopher, who owned a dairy and suggested that cream aged at least 48 hours would be more apt to float.[7] Delaplane popularized the drink by mentioning it frequently in his travel column, which was widely read throughout America. In later years, after the Buena Vista had served, by its count, more than 30 million of the drinks, Delaplane and the owners grew tired of the drink. A friend commented that the problem with Irish coffee is that it ruins three good drinks: coffee, cream, and whiskey.[8]

Tom Bergin's Tavern in Los Angeles,[9][broken citation] also claims to have been the originator[citation needed] and has had a large sign in place reading "House of Irish Coffee" since the early 1950s.[citation needed]

Other sources claim that Joe Jackson perfected the recipe at Jacksons Hotel, Ballybofey, Co. Donegal.[10]

Earlier coffee and alcohol cocktails[edit]

From the mid 19th Century, the Pharisäer and the Fiaker were served in Viennese coffee houses, both coffee cocktails served in glass, topped with whipped cream. The former was also known in northern Germany and Denmark around this time. Around the turn of the 20th century the coffee cocktail menu in the Viennese cafés also included Kaisermelange, Maria Theresia, Biedermeier-Kaffee and a handful of other variations on the theme.[citation needed]

In 19th-century France, a mixture of coffee and spirits was called a gloria.

  • Un trait de son caractère était de payer généreusement quinze francs par mois pour le gloria qu'il prenait au dessert. (Balzac, Le Père Goriot, 1834, I.)
  • Il aimait le gros cidre, les gigots saignants, les glorias longuement battus. (Flaubert, Madame Bovary, 1857.)

Preparation[edit]

Preparing an Irish coffee

Black coffee is poured into the mug. Whiskey and at least one level teaspoon of sugar is stirred in until fully dissolved. The sugar is essential for floating liquid cream on top.[11] Thick cream is carefully poured over the back of a spoon initially held just above the surface of the coffee and gradually raised a little.[12] The layer of cream will float on the coffee without mixing. The coffee is drunk through the layer of cream.

Variations[edit]

In 1988, the National Standards Authority of Ireland published Irish Standard I.S. 417: Irish Coffee.[a]

Although whiskey, coffee and cream are the basic ingredients in all Irish coffee, variations in preparation exist. The choice of coffee and the methods used for brewing it differ significantly. The use of espresso machines or fully automatic coffee brewers is now typical: the coffee is either a caffè americano (espresso diluted with hot water) or some kind of filter coffee, often made using a coffee capsule.

The cream used by some bars to make what is sold as "Irish coffee" is sometimes sprayed from a can. Some bartenders gently shake fresh cream to achieve a smooth layer atop the coffee[citation needed].

In Spain, Irish Coffee (café irlandés) is sometimes served with a bottom layer of whiskey, a separate coffee layer, and a layer of cream on top;[14] special devices are sold for making it.

Some bars in Southeast Asia serve a cocktail of iced coffee and whiskey, sometimes without cream, under the name "Irish Coffee."

Many drinks of hot coffee with a distilled spirit, and cream floated on top—liqueur coffees—are given names derived from Irish coffee, although the names are not standardised; Jamaican coffee would be expected to be made with rum, Highland coffee, also called Gaelic coffee, with Scotch whisky, and so on.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The standard can be obtained from Standards IE.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Irish coffee recipe, IBA , specifying brown sugar, and that fresh cream should be floated on top.
  2. ^ "Irish Coffee", European Cuisines .
  3. ^ Our Irish Coffee Heritage, Foynes Flying Boat Museum .
  4. ^ Nolte, Carl (November 22, 2006). "San Francisco: Coffee, cream, sugar and — Irish whiskey... but Buena Vista changed brands". San Francisco Chronicle (SF Gate). Retrieved 2007-07-09. 
  5. ^ Nolte, Carl (November 9, 2008). "The man who brought Irish coffee to America". San Francisco Chronicle (SF Gate). 
  6. ^ King, John (November 9, 2008). "SF bar celebrates 56 years of Irish coffee". San Francisco Chronicle (SF Gate). 
  7. ^ Garvey, John; Hanning, Karen (2008). Irish San Francisco. Arcadia. ISBN 978-0-7385-3049-9. 
  8. ^ Nolte, Carl (November 16, 2002). "Java the Irish way: 50 years ago, a new drink was born in an SF cafe". San Francisco Chronicle (SF Gate). 
  9. ^ Perry, Charles. "Tom Bergin's Tavern". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2007-10-17. 
  10. ^ "Celebrate the invention of Irish", Donegal democrat (IE) .
  11. ^ "Joe Sheridan's Original Irish Coffee Recipe". CoffeeCakes.com. Retrieved 2007-07-09. 
  12. ^ "Traditional Irish Coffee Recipe". Good food Ireland. Retrieved 2009-12-08. 
  13. ^ Standards, IE .
  14. ^ "Recipes", Gastronomia vasca .

External links[edit]