Iron Lady

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For other uses, see The Iron Lady.
Margaret Thatcher was given the nickname "Iron Lady" by a Soviet journalist.

Iron Lady is a nickname that has frequently been used to describe female heads of government around the world. The term describes a "strong willed" woman. The iron metaphor was most famously applied to Margaret Thatcher, and was coined by Captain Yuri Gavrilov in 1976 in the Soviet newspaper Red Star, for her staunch opposition to the Soviet Union and socialism.[1] Due to the wide popularity of this term, it has since been applied to many female political figures, including regional variations, and even retrospectively.

Origin[edit]

Margaret Thatcher, the first woman Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990[1] was the leader for whom the term was coined. On January 19, 1976, Thatcher, having recently been elected Leader of the Conservative Party, gave a speech entitled "Britain Awake" at Kensington Town Hall in Chelsea, London.[1] It included the claim that The Russians are bent on world dominance, and they are rapidly acquiring the means to become the most powerful imperial nation the world has seen.[1] On 24 January, the Soviet military newspaper Red Star published a response to Thatcher's speech by military journalist Captain Yuri Gavrilov.[2] Gavrilov supplied the headline "The 'Iron Lady' Sounds the Alarm"[2] to the piece, intending an uncomplimentary allusion to Otto von Bismarck, known as the "Iron Chancellor" of imperial Germany.[3] According to Gavrilov's article, Thatcher was at the time already known as "The Iron Lady" in Britain, supposedly on account of her "extreme conservatism".[2] Gavrilov's article was noticed by the British Sunday Times newspaper the next weekend and subsequently given wide publicity.[3] The nickname stuck firmly to Thatcher. A 2011 biographical feature film about her is called The Iron Lady.

Use in politics[edit]

Leaders who have earned the unofficial title (some of them post facto) include:

Politicians with similar names or variants[edit]

Some female politicians have been given similar nicknames:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Britain Awake". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. Retrieved 2 November 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c Gavrilov, Yuri, "The 'Iron Lady' Sounds the Alarm", Krasnaya zvezda, 1976-01-24, p. 3, translated at The Current Digest of the Soviet Press – Volume 28, Issues 1–13 – Page 17
  3. ^ a b Amazing & Extraordinary Facts – Prime Ministers, David & Charles, http://books.google.com/books?id=lrKJaTWhlm8C&pg=PT108&dq=%22iron+lady%22+Gavrilov&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UCBnUf6nPImdkQXpvoC4Bw&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAA
  4. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1370&dat=20020124&id=3oMVAAAAIBAJ&sjid=mgsEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4030,2570067 Gloria Arroyo: Iron Lady of Asia January 24, 2002
  5. ^ U.K. loses its first Iron Lady By Hasan Suroor (The Hindu) May 5, 2002
  6. ^ Butt, Gerald (1998-04-21). "Golda Meir". BBC News. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  7. ^ "Biljana Plavsic: Serbian iron lady". BBC News 27 February 2003
  8. ^ http://kenyacentral.com/general/24505-malawi-s-iron-lady-joyce-banda.html
  9. ^ Aussie Iron Lady will die fighting. The Daily Telegraphy 27 July 2012
  10. ^ Gillard reveals her inner iron lady, and gets her way. The Sydney Morning Herald 20 November 2011
  11. ^ "Manuela Ferreira Leite, Portugal's "Iron Lady"". www.topnews.in. 2009-09-23. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  12. ^ Ukraine's Iron Lady, Time Magazine (January 30, 2005)
  13. ^ Ukraine's Iron Lady provokes rift, The Guardian (July 3, 2005)
  14. ^ "Iron lady Helen Clark has steel for global challenge". Stuff.co.nz. 2009-04-05. Retrieved 2011-05-11. 
  15. ^ "Brazil: 'Iron Lady' Is New Chief Of Staff". The New York Times. June 22, 2005. Retrieved 2009-12-21.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  16. ^ "Liberia's 'Iron Lady' claims win". BBC. 2005-11-11. Retrieved 2006-07-23. 
  17. ^ Lithuania elects first female president ABC News Dalia Grybauskaite: Lithuania’s ‘Iron Lady’. Khaleej Times.
  18. ^ "The Successor of Lukashenko could be the "Iron Lady" of Belarus – Natalia Petkevich". newsru.com. 2006-07-09. Retrieved 2010-07-24. 
  19. ^ Usborne, David (2012-02-11). "Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner: The iron lady of the Malvinas". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  20. ^ Williams, Ian. "South Korea's 'Iron Lady' Park Geun-hye comes to Washington". NBC News. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  21. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_hE38OtocAQ
  22. ^ http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2008/03/17/080317fa_fact_lizza
  23. ^ Riley, Alan (2009-12-03). "The legacy of the Iron Lady of Antitrust". European Voice. Retrieved 2010-01-25. 
  24. ^ Wan, William (17 August 2014). "Hong Kong’s ‘Iron Lady’ takes up democracy fight with Beijing". Guardian Weekly. 
  25. ^ Rowan, Roy (1976-03-29). "Orchid or Iron Butterfly, Imelda Marcos Is a Prime Mover in Manila". People Magazine. Retrieved 2006-07-23. 
  26. ^ van Egmond, Joost (2006-07-02). "Iron Rita Loses Her Mettle". Time. Retrieved 2006-07-23. 
  27. ^ van de Pol, Jurjen (2008-04-03). "'Iron Rita' Starts New Dutch Political Party After Wilders Film". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2006-07-23. 
  28. ^ Federation of American Scientists. NATO-List: USIA – Albright Foreign Media Reaction: "Titanium Lady Shows Her Mettle In Moscow" The conservative Daily Telegraph pointed out (February 21, 1997)

External links[edit]