|Solomon Iron Nation|
Chief Iron Nation
|Died||November 15, 1894
Great Sioux Reservation
|Native name||Ma'-Zu-Oya'-Te |
|Cause of death||Pneumonia |
Iron Nation (February 1815—November 14, 1894) was a principal chief of the Lower Brulé Lakota. He was one of the signers of the September 17, 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie along with people from Lakota, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and other tribes. He also signed the October 14, 1865 treaty at Fort Sully with other Lakota chiefs, which established the Lower Brule Indian Reservation. A state historic marker near the Lower Brule Agency reads:
On October 14, 1865, at Fort Sully (5 miles E of Pierre) the Lower Brule Band by Iron Nation, White Buffalo Cow, Little Pheasant and 12 others, signed a treaty. It differed from the others signed there in that it set up a reservation 20 miles long and 10 back from the river between White River and Fort Lookout. The 1,800 Lower Brules were to get $6,000 a year and families who went to farming were to get $25.00 bonus. In 1866, they planted some acreage and to their great surprise got 2,000 bushels of grain.
Chief Iron Nation also signed the Black Hills agreement in September 1876. U.S. government agents went to the various Indian agencies to obtain signatures signing away Lakota rights to the Black Hills (Lakota: Paha Sapa), which the Lakota consider sacred.
The Black Hills had been guaranteed to the Lakota by the 1868 treaty signed at Ft. Laramie, but this was before gold was found, which resulted in the Black Hills Gold Rush.
Two members of the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe produced a 12 minute animated film about Iron Nation in 1997.
- "Iron Nation aka Ma'-Zu-Oya'-Te - Brule 1867". First People American Indian Photographs. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
- "He Was a Great Chief. Chamberlain, S. D., Nov. 15". The Washington Times (Washington, D.C.). 1894-11-16. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
- Nelson, C.B. "#430 Lower Brule Agency". South Dakota State Historical Society Markers. p. 114. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
- "Inductees, Solomon Iron Nation". South Dakota Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
- "Lower Brule Sioux Tribe" (2011). South Dakota Department of Tribal Government Relations. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
- Gardner, Alexander. "Iron Nation, Brule Dakota". Princeton University Digital Library. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
- Iron Nation (1997, 12 min. Animation) US. Producer: Alfreda Beartrack (Lower Brule Sioux), Director: Alfred Beartrack (Lower Brule Sioux)