Ferrocalamus

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Iron bamboo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Arundinariinae
Genus: Ferrocalamus
J.R.Xue & Keng.f.
Species: F. strictus
Binomial name
Ferrocalamus strictus
Hsuey & Keng.f.

Ferrocalamus strictus (iron bamboo) is a species of mountain bamboo. The genus Ferrocalamus is monotypic. Endemic to China, the plant is known uniquely from Yunnan's southern areas, from 900 to 1,200 m above the sea level.

Taxonomy[edit]

The genus Ferrocalamus is sometimes considered a synonym of Indocalamus. However, Ferrocalamus is arbor-like while Indocalamus is a shrub.

Description[edit]

Ferrocalamus is a perennial shrubby bamboo having erect culms. The culms are about 5–9 m long with 20–50 mm diameter. The internodes are long, thick walled, with a ring of white hairs below the nodes. Culm sheaths are persistent, leathery at base, thinner at apex. The auricles are small or absent. Leaf blade is large with transverse venation. Inflorescence is a large panicle on leafy flowering branches. It has 3 stamens with free filaments. Ovary is glabrous having short styles short, with 2 stigmas. Fruit is rounded berry-like, succulent with thickened, fleshy pericarp but without hardened endocarp.[1][2]

Uses[edit]

In the past, the culms were commonly used for making arrows.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Li DZ, Stapleton C (1982). "Ferrocalamus". In Wu ZY, Raven PH, Hong DY. Flora of China. St. Louis: Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Bot. Garden Press. p. 135. 
  2. ^ Clayton WD, Vorontsova MS, Harman KT, Williamson H (2006 onwards). "World Grass Species: Descriptions, Identification, and Information Retrieval". GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 

External links[edit]