Irrigation in India
Irrigation in India refers to the supply of water from Indian rivers, tanks, wells, canals and other artificial projects for the purpose of cultivation and agricultural activities. In country such as India, 64% of cultivated land is dependent on monsoons. The economic significance of irrigation in India is namely, to reduce over dependence on monsoons, advanced agricultural productivity, bringing more land under cultivation, reducing instability in output levels, creation of job opportunities, electricity and transport facilities, control of floods and prevention of droughts.
India has an irrigation potential of 139.89 million hectares, out of which a minimal 108.2 million hectares(77.35%) of the total land that can be irrigated has been utilized. Currently, about 30% of the net cultivated area has benefited from the irrigation projects that have been implemented. A sum of 16,590 crore has been spent of irrigation development up to the 7th Five-Year plans of India. The 10th and 11th Five Year Plan have proposed to invest a sum of 1,03,315 crore and 2,10,326 crore on irrigation and flood control in India.
Irrigation Projects in India are classified on three major aspects into:
1. Minor Irrigation Projects
2. Medium Irrigation Projects
3. Major Irrigation Projects Since 1950, irrigation works were classified on the basis of cost incurred for the projects' implementation, governing and dissemination., However, the Planning Commission of India adopted the classification of projects on the basis of culturable command area(CCA).