Chennai had widely regarded as the cradle of Indian motorsport and had remained the prime venue for motorsport in India ever since the beginning of the sport in the country. The influence had extended throughout the southern India, with the Madras Motor Sports Club, Coimbatore Auto Sports Club and Karnataka Motor Sports Club being among the primary clubs organizing motorsports events in the country. In 1971, these clubs, along with Calcutta Motor Sports Club and Mumbai's Indian Automotive Racing Club, united to form the Federation of Motor Sports Clubs of India (FMSCI), headquartered in Chennai, to ensure common regulations and orderly conduct of events.
Race meets were held on abandoned airstrips, such as the ones at Sholavaram in Chennai, Sulur airstrip in Coimbatore, and Agram in Bangalore. The Sholavaram airstrip in Chennai is regarded as the original Mecca of motor racing. During race weekends, Sholavaram was invariably packed with spectators and the government had organized special bus services to the venue during such times. In 1990, when the Irungattukottai track was built, it became the prime motor sport venue in the country.
The Full Circuit (main track) is 3.717 kilometres (2.310 mi) long. It has 12 turns and 3 straights, with the longest one being 250 m. The Club Circuit is 2.067 kilometres (1.284 mi) long and has 7 turns. Both tracks are 11 m wide with 12 m at the start line and operate in a clockwise direction. Irungattukottai Race Track is a Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile and Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme-certified circuit.
The first race was held in 1990 and the tracks were fully resurfaced in 2007. Vehicles allowed for races include bikes of all categories and cars up to F3.