Irvine, Kentucky

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Irvine, Kentucky
City
Downtown Irvine
Downtown Irvine
Location of Irvine, Kentucky
Location of Irvine, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°41′49″N 83°58′1″W / 37.69694°N 83.96694°W / 37.69694; -83.96694Coordinates: 37°41′49″N 83°58′1″W / 37.69694°N 83.96694°W / 37.69694; -83.96694
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Estill
Named for an area pioneer[disambiguation needed]
Area
 • Total 1.6 sq mi (2.58 km2)
 • Land 1.6 sq mi (2.58 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation 679 ft (207 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,715
 • Density 1,696.9/sq mi (1,052.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 40336, 40472
Area code(s) 606
FIPS code 21-39646
GNIS feature ID 0512925

Irvine (local /ərvən/ and /ərvn/) is a 4th-class city in Estill County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county.[1] Its population was 2,715 at the time of the year 2010 U.S. census. It is located on the Kentucky River at the junction of Kentucky Route 52 and Kentucky Route 89.

Irvine annually hosts the Mountain Mushroom Festival on the last weekend of April. Irvine and nearby Ravenna are known within Estill County as the "Twin Cities".[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Panorama from atop Rockhouse Mountain

Irvine is located at 37°41′49″N 83°58′1″W / 37.69694°N 83.96694°W / 37.69694; -83.96694 (37.696835, -83.966895).[2] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), of which 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2) is land and 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2) (2.58%) is water.

History[edit]

Another panorama from atop Rockhouse Mountain

Gen. Green Clay established the town of Irvine on 20.5 acres (8.3 ha) of his land on January 28, 1812,[3] four years after Estill was separated from Madison County. It was named for Col. William Irvine,[4] a pioneer settler of Madison Co. The post office was established in 1813[5] and the city was incorporated by the state legislature in 1849.[3]

On October 13, 1864, Irvine was sacked by Confederate guerrillas who razed its jail.

Even by Kentucky standards, Irvine remained small until the 1870s, when its population passed 300. Connection to the Louisville & Nashville Railroad's North Fork, as well as an early-20th century coal boom around the city, greatly increased the local population.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 2,843 people, 1,259 households, and 793 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,871.7/sq mi (722.7/km2). There were 1,409 housing units at an average density of 927.6/sq mi (358.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.26% White, 0.04% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.04% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.56% of the population.

There were 1,259 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.82.

22.9% of the population was under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,286, and the median income for a family was $25,046. Males had a median income of $28,988 versus $17,194 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,075. About 20.9% of families and 28.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 22.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Major employers include Carhartt.[7] Catholic Health Partners operates Marcum and Wallace Memorial Hospital in Irvine.[8]

Noted natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ a b Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Irvine, Kentucky". Accessed 29 Jul 2013.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 166. 
  5. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 150. Retrieved 28 Apr 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Irvine-Estill County Community Profile
  8. ^ About Marcum & Wallace

External links[edit]