Irvine Park Historic District

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Irvine Park Historic District
Irvine Park.jpg
The Ohage and McDonald Houses in Irvine Park
Irvine Park Historic District is located in Minnesota
Irvine Park Historic District
Location Roughly bounded by Irvine Park, W. 7th, Walnut, and Sherman
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Coordinates 44°56′27″N 93°6′10″W / 44.94083°N 93.10278°W / 44.94083; -93.10278Coordinates: 44°56′27″N 93°6′10″W / 44.94083°N 93.10278°W / 44.94083; -93.10278
Built 1849
Architect Multiple
Architectural style Greek Revival, Italianate, Queen Anne
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 73000993[1]
Added to NRHP November 27, 1973

Irvine Park is a neighborhood just west of downtown Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, that contains a number of historic homes. The neighborhood was platted by John Irvine and Henry Mower Rice in 1849. At the center of the neighborhood is Irvine Park, a New England-style public square. The neighborhood is a district listed on the National Register of Historic Places and also designated by the city as a historic district.[2]

The neighborhood suffered for much of the twentieth century. A report on housing from the 1930s characterized the area as being

... in the less desirable rooming-house district; old homes, that at one time were mansions, but, over a period of years have been out-moded. Each successive tenant has been a little less able to pay adequate rent until the present occupants have commercialized the homes in one form or another.[3]

In 1970, 96 percent of the neighborhood's houses were classified as substandard by the city.[3] In the early 1970s the city planned to tear down the area and replace it with high-rise apartments for public housing.[4] The neighborhood became a National Register Historic District in 1973 and was named Saint Paul Heritage Preservation District in 1982.[5]

Houses in the district[edit]

Murray-Lanpher House 1.jpg
The Murray-Lanpher House was designed by Edward P. Bassford in 1886. Architectural critic Larry Millett writes, "This is probably what most people have in mind when they dream of a Queen Anne house."[2]
Jay-Henry Knox House.jpg
The Jay and Henry Knox House was built in 1860 by two brothers who were bankers. This is one of the few Carpenter Gothic houses in the Twin Cities. The vertical board and batten siding, a trademark of the style, was covered beneath stucco until its new owners began restoring the house in the 1970s.[2]
Parker-Marshall House.jpg
The Parker-Marshall House, a Greek Revival design, is the oldest house on the park, built in 1852. It was originally located where the Murray-Lanpher House is now, then was moved to an adjoining lot in 1883 and then moved to its current site in 1976.[2]
John McDonald House.jpg
The John McDonald House is an Italianate design from 1873. It was moved from its original location on Smith Avenue in 1978. A local legend states that the house is the only house in St. Paul history to receive a parking ticket when the structure was parked in the street overnight in the process of moving it.[2]
Justus Ohage House 1.jpg
The Justus Ohage House is a Romanesque Revival design with Germanic features from 1889. The house was supposedly designed to resemble the childhood home of his wife Augusta from when she grew up in St. Louis, Missouri. Unfortunately, Augusta died at age 34 just a few weeks after the house was finished. Dr. Ohage raised the couple's five children and made several other accomplishments, such as establishing St. Paul's public health service, built public bathhouses, and opened the first city zoo at Harriet Island before donating the land to the city, and performed the first successful gall bladder operation in the United States in 1886.[2]
Simpson-Wood House.jpg
The Simpson-Wood House is a simple Federal Style house that was originally built in 1853, and located a block away on Sherman Street, before being moved to Irvine Park in 1978.[2]
Forepaugh.jpg
The Joseph Forepaugh House, now known as Forepaugh's Restaurant, was built by a dry goods dealer who supplied troops during the American Civil War and made enough money to retire at age 34. The house dates back to 1870.[2]
Alexander Ramsey House 2012.jpg
The Alexander Ramsey House is located across Exchange Street from the Irvine Park public square. It was the residence of Alexander Ramsey, the first governor of Minnesota Territory and the second governor of the state of Minnesota. The house was completed in 1872 in the French Second Empire style. It is now owned by the Minnesota Historical Society, which now operates it as a museum.[2]
Charles Symonds House.jpg
The Charles Symonds House was built in 1850 and is thought to be St. Paul's oldest house. It was built by Charles Symonds, a former sea captain, and originally located across the street and about a block to the east.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Millett, Larry (2007). AIA Guide to the Twin Cities: The Essential Source on the Architecture of Minneapolis and St. Paul. Minnesota Historical Society Press. pp. 430–434. ISBN 0-87351-540-4. 
  3. ^ a b Empson, Donald L. (2006). The Street Where You Live. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 139–140. 9780816647293. 
  4. ^ Linda Mack (September 30, 2007). "Making history". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  5. ^ "West Seventh". Ramsey County Historical Society. 2005. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Stumm, Robert J., "Irvine Park in 1854: Its Homes and the People Who Lived There 150 Years Ago, Ramsey County History Quarterly V39 #1, Ramsey County Historical Society,St Paul, MN, 2004.

External links[edit]

Media related to Irvine Park Historic District at Wikimedia Commons