|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2007)|
June 12, 1916|
New York City, U.S.
|Died||November 2, 1991
Santa Monica, California U.S.
|Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery|
|Spouse(s)||Sheila Marie (Mathews) Allen (1974–91; his death)|
Irwin Allen (June 12, 1916 – November 2, 1991) was an American television, documentary and film director and producer with a varied career who became known as the "Master of Disaster" for his work in the disaster film genre. His most successful productions were The Poseidon Adventure (1972) and The Towering Inferno (1974). He also created several low-quality yet popular 1960s science fiction television series, such as Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, Lost in Space, and Land of the Giants.
Irwin Allen was born in New York City on June 12, 1916. He majored in journalism and advertising at Columbia University after attending City College of New York for a year. He left college because of financial difficulties caused by the Great Depression. He moved to Hollywood in 1938, where he edited Key Magazine followed by an 11 year stint at radio station KLAC with his own program. The success of the radio show led to him being offered his own gossip column, "Hollywood Merry-Go-Round", which was syndicated to 73 newspapers. He produced his first TV program, a celebrity panel show also called Hollywood Merry-Go-Round with announcer Steve Allen, before moving into film production.
Allen became involved in film production at a time when power was beginning to shift from studios to talent agencies. He put together packages consisting of directors, actors and script, and sold them to film studios. After producing Where Danger Lives (1950) and Double Dynamite (1951) for RKO, Allen made his directorial debut with the documentary The Sea Around Us (1953).
The Sea Around Us was based on Rachel Carson's best-selling book of the same name. It was made with largely stock footage and won the 1953 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. Carson was so disappointed with Allen's final version of the script that she never again sold film rights to her work. It includes gory images of whales being killed that are more shocking to modern audiences than they were at the time.
Allen returned to producing with the 3-D film Dangerous Mission (1954) before directing a semi-documentary about the evolution of life, The Animal World (1956). Again he made heavy use of stock footage, but he also included a nine-minute stop-motion dinosaur sequence by Ray Harryhausen. Before release, he toned down the gore from both the live action and the animation.
His next film, The Story of Mankind (1957), is a very loose adaptation of the Hendrik Willem van Loon book of the same name. It featured many well-known actors, some nearing the end of their careers, including the Marx Brothers, Ronald Colman, Hedy Lamarr, Vincent Price, and a young Dennis Hopper. The actors were paid $2,500 for a single day's work with Allen relying on stock footage for the rest of the film.
Allen co-wrote and produced The Big Circus (1959) before co-writing, directing and producing The Lost World (1960) for 20th Century-Fox. Special effects pioneer Willis O'Brien (The Lost World, King Kong) was disappointed when Allen opted to save time by using live alligators and lizards instead of stop-motion animation for the film's dinosaurs.
His film credits include the Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea (1961) (later the basis of his TV series of the same name), and Five Weeks in a Balloon (1962). In the 1970s, he produced popular disaster films including The Poseidon Adventure (1972) and The Towering Inferno (1974).
In the 1960s, Allen moved into television as "the most successful science-fiction producer of the decade", and was responsible for series such as:
- Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea (1964–68)
- Lost in Space (1965–68)
- The Time Tunnel (1966–67)
- Land of the Giants (1968–70)
- The Swiss Family Robinson (1975–76)
- Code Red (1981–82).
Allen also produced several TV movies, such as City Beneath the Sea, which recycled many props and models from Voyage, Lost in Space, and Man From The 25th Century. Both were intended as pilots for new TV series projects, but his small-screen success from the 1960s largely eluded him in the 1970s. Lost in Space's Bill Mumy said of Allen that, while he was very good at writing television pilots that sold, his unwillingness to spend money hurt his shows' quality once on the air. A monster costume that appeared on one of his shows, for example, would appear on another a few weeks later with new paint. Writer Jon Abbott described Allen as paradoxical. "Here was a man who, when told the cost of a spaceship for a Lost in Space alien, snapped, 'Let him walk!' ... and then let the show be canceled rather than take a cut in the budget".
In the 1970s, Allen returned to cinema screens and was the most popular producer associated with the decade's fad for the disaster film genre. He produced the successful The Poseidon Adventure (1972) and The Towering Inferno (1974), directing the action scenes for both. After The Towering Inferno, he left 20th Century Fox for Warner Bros. for undisclosed reasons. He produced several made-for-TV disaster movies: Flood! (1976), Fire! (1977), Hanging by a Thread (1979), The Night the Bridge Fell Down (1979), and Cave-In! (1979). For theatrical release, he produced and directed The Swarm (1978) as well as Beyond the Poseidon Adventure (1979) and produced When Time Ran Out (1980). Despite this success, the rise of new filmmakers like George Lucas took him off guard; the success of Star Wars reportedly bewildered him at how a film with apparently no stars or love story could enrapture audiences so fervently.
In the late 1970s and mid-1980s, Allen sporadically returned to TV with miniseries efforts such as The Return of Captain Nemo/The Amazing Captain Nemo (1978) and a star-studded version of Alice in Wonderland (1985). He was planning on making a star-studded musical of Pinocchio, but a decline in health caused retirement in 1986. Allen was awarded a Worst Career Achievement Golden Raspberry Award in 1985.
The "Irwin Allen rock-and-roll" is when the camera is rocked as the on-screen cast rushes from side to side on the set, simulating a ship being tossed around. It is employed in many episodes of Lost in Space and Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea. This camera technique was employed in the Mystery Science Theater 3000 episode "First Spaceship on Venus". Here the camera tilts to simulate the spacecraft being hit. During this scene, Joel shouts out "Irwin Allen presents...".
Allen's career in film and TV was the subject of a 1995 documentary, The Fantasy Worlds of Irwin Allen, produced and directed by Kevin Burns, co-founder of Foxstar Productions, originally set up as the production unit responsible for creating a series of "Alien Nation" movies for television. Numerous cast members and associates from various Irwin Allen projects appeared in the film, lending recollections of their time working with him.
In 1994, while Senior VP of Foxstar, Burns founded Van Ness Films, a non-fiction and documentary production unit. That same year, he met Jon Jashni, a Fox film executive who shared Burns' interest in Allen's works.
In 1998, the two collaborated on a TV retrospective special, Lost in Space Forever. Hosted by John Laroquette, it chronicled the series' creation and run on TV in the 1960s and beyond, and featured appearances by Bill Mumy, Jonathan Harris, June Lockhart, Angela Cartwright, Mark Goddard and Marta Kristen, as well as film footage of vintage interviews with Guy Williams. Also appearing were Bob May, who donned the Robot suit, and Dick Tufeld, who supplied the character's voice. The flight deck set of the Jupiter 2 spacecraft from the series was recreated as the backdrop for parts of the special.
It also was used as a vehicle to promote the 1998 Lost in Space movie version of the original television series, starring William Hurt, Matt LeBlanc, Gary Oldman, Lacey Chabert, Mimi Rogers and Heather Graham.
Burns and Jashni later formed Synthesis Entertainment and began developing and producing remakes of, and sequels to, several Allen properties, including a 2002 Fox Television pilot for an updated version of The Time Tunnel, which didn't sell, and remakes of films including Poseidon (2006) and Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea. The 2002 TV pilot was included as a bonus feature on Volume 2 of Fox's 2006 DVD release of the 30-episode Time Tunnel (1966–67) TV series.
|1953||The Sea Around Us||Yes||Yes||Yes||Documentary
Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature
|1956||The Animal World||Yes||Yes||Yes||Documentary|
|1957||The Story of Mankind||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1960||The Big Circus||Yes||Yes|
|The Lost World||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1961||Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1962||Five Weeks in a Balloon||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|1972||The Poseidon Adventure||Yes||Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama|
|1974||The Towering Inferno||Yes||Yes||Directed action sequences only
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Picture
|1979||Beyond the Poseidon Adventure||Yes||Yes|
|1980||When Time Ran Out||Yes|
In popular culture
Killdozer's 1989 song "Man vs. Nature" referred to Allen, calling him "the Master of Realism." The song's three verses mention three prominent disaster films of the 1970s, including The Poseidon Adventure, Earthquake (which has nothing to do with Allen, in spite of the song's misattribution), and The Towering Inferno.
In the film Ocean's Thirteen, "Irwin Allen" is a nickname for a con where the mark is manipulated by using the threat of a large natural disaster.
On January 3, 2008, BBC Four showed a night of Allen's work which included the 1995 documentary The Fantasy Worlds of Irwin Allen along with episodes of Lost in Space, Land of the Giants and Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea.
Episode 57 of the Disney TV series Duck Tales screened December 8, 1987, titled "The Uncrashable Hindentanic" features a character called "Irwin Mallard" who films the destruction of Scrooge McDuck's airship called the Hindentanic in the disaster movie style of Irwin Allen.
"The Irwin Allen Show" was a skit on SCTV. The Irwin Allen Show was a Johnny Carson-style talk show with Irwin Allen as the host. The guests were stars in Irwin Allen's movies, and they were each individually victims of an Irwin Allen-style disaster while a guest on the talk show (e.g. Red Buttons was attacked by a swarm of bees).
In Season 1, Episode 18 of the CBS sitcom Alice ("The Hex," first broadcast February 5, 1977), Flo (Polly Holliday) and Alice (Linda Lavin) are discussing Alice's blind date the previous evening. Flo: "You mean the whole night was a disaster?" Alice: "Disaster? Irwin Allen could have made three pictures out of it!"
In Season 3, Episode 13 of X-Files ("Syzygy", first broadcast January 26, 1996), Madame Zirinka (Denalda Williams), a psychic, when asked by Fox Mulder (David Duchovny) if the planetary alignment she is describing is a bad thing, replies: "Bad like an Irwin Allen movie!"
- Law, John William (April 2, 2008). Master of Disaster: Irwin Allen – The Disaster Years (1st. ed.). San Francisco: aplomb publishing. p. Preface. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
Much like Alfred Hitchcock earned the title Master of Suspense, Irwin Allen earned the title Master of Disaster.
- Dennis Fischer (17 June 2011). Science Fiction Film Directors, 1895-1998. McFarland. pp. 31–41. ISBN 978-0-7864-8505-5.
- Lear, 239–240
- "Science Fiction". Pioneers of Television, January 18, 2011.
- Jon Abbott (3 October 2006). Irwin Allen Television Productions, 1964-1970: A Critical History of Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, Lost in Space, The Time Tunnel and Land of the Giants. McFarland. pp. 6–. ISBN 978-0-7864-8662-5.
- "Irwin Allen". Variety. November 10, 1991. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- Jenkins, Gerry, Empire Building, Simon and Schuster Ltd., 1997, p. 180–1
- "Irwin Allen". nndb.com.
- Martin, Hugo (November 3, 1991). "Irwin Allen; 'Towering Inferno' Producer". Los Angeles Times.
- Taraldsvik, Morten Schive (January 5, 2010). A Sci-Fi Movie Lexicon II. Lulu Publishers. p. 22. ISBN 9781445262871. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- StuOz (September 30, 1995). "The Fantasy Worlds of Irwin Allen (TV Movie 1995)". IMDb.
- "BBC iPlayer - BBC Four". bbc.co.uk.
- "BBC iPlayer - BBC Four". bbc.co.uk.
- The Irwin Allen Show (A skit on SCTV) on YouTube
- Lear, Linda. Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature. New York: Henry Holt, 1997. ISBN 0-8050-3428-5
- Irwin Allen at the Internet Movie Database
- Irwin Allen's Gravesite
- Irwin Allen Wiki
- Irwin Allen Profile