The Works (Queen album)
|Studio album by Queen|
|Released||27 February 1984|
|Recorded||August 1983 – January 1984 at The Record Plant, Los Angeles, California and Musicland Studios, Munich, Germany|
|Genre||Pop rock, new wave, hard rock|
Capitol, Hollywood Records (US)
|Singles from The Works|
The Works is the eleventh studio album by British rock band Queen, released in February 1984. After the synth-heavy Hot Space, the album saw the re-emergence of Brian May and Roger Taylor's rock sound, while still incorporating the early 80s retro futuristic electro pop of the German electronic underground (Freddie Mercury) and New York (John Deacon) funk scenes.
Following the release of and subsequent touring for their 1982 album Hot Space, the four members of Queen opted to take a break from the band the following year, indulging in solo projects and taking the chance to stretch in individual directions. While a spring tour of South America had been an early possibility, especially following the band's success there two years prior, equipment and promotional problems brought an end to these plans. Brian May worked with Eddie Van Halen and others on the Star Fleet Project, while Freddie Mercury began work on his solo album. By August 1983, however, the band had reunited and began work on their eleventh studio album. It would be Queen's first album for EMI (and its US affiliate Capitol Records) worldwide after the band nullified its recording deal with Elektra for the US, Canada, Australia and Japan.
Recording commenced at Record Plant Studios in Los Angeles – Queen's first time recording in America – and Musicland Studios in Munich. Also during this time, their manager Jim Beach offered them the opportunity to compose the soundtrack for the film The Hotel New Hampshire. The band agreed, but soon discovered much of their time was being spent on the soundtrack instead of the upcoming album, and the project fell through. Only one song written for the soundtrack, "Keep Passing the Open Windows", made it onto The Works. By November 1983, Roger Taylor's "Radio Ga Ga" was chosen as the first single from the album. The Works was released on 27 February 1984.
|1.||"Radio Ga Ga"||Roger Taylor||5:44|
|2.||"Tear It Up"||Brian May||3:28|
|3.||"It's a Hard Life"||Freddie Mercury||4:08|
|4.||"Man on the Prowl"||Mercury||3:28|
|5.||"Machines (Or 'Back to Humans')"||May, Taylor||5:10|
|6.||"I Want to Break Free"||John Deacon||3:20|
|7.||"Keep Passing the Open Windows"||Mercury||5:21|
|8.||"Hammer to Fall"||May||4:28|
|9.||"Is This the World We Created...?"||Mercury, May||2:13|
|Bonus tracks (1991 Hollywood Records CD reissue)|
|10.||"I Go Crazy" (Original B-side)||May||3:42|
|11.||"Radio Ga Ga" (Extended version)||Taylor||6:50|
|12.||"I Want to Break Free" (Extended mix)||Deacon||7:12|
|2011 Bonus EP|
|1.||"I Go Crazy (B-Side)"|
|2.||"I Want to Break Free (Single remix)"|
|3.||"Hammer to Fall (Headbanger's mix)"|
|4.||"Is This the World We Created...? (Live in Rio, January 1985)"|
|5.||"It's a Hard Life (Live in Rio, January 1985)"|
|6.||"Thank God It's Christmas (Non-album single)"|
|2011 iTunes Deluxe Edition bonus videos|
|1.||"Tear It Up (Live at Wembley Stadium, London – 11 July 1986)"|
|2.||"I Want to Break Free (Live at Rock in Rio – January 1985)"|
|3.||"Radio Ga Ga (Promo video, 1984)"|
"Radio Ga Ga" was composed on keyboards, after Roger Taylor heard his son Felix (three years old at the time) saying "radio ca ca". He wrote it in Los Angeles and locked himself in the studio with a Roland Jupiter 8 and a drum machine. Afterwards John Deacon came up with a suitable bass line. Freddie Mercury reconstructed the track, both musically and lyrically. It was still credited to Taylor since Mercury was an arranger rather than a co-writer. Fred Mandel, their session keyboardist, put together an additive track with piano, synth and a temporary bass part. Brian May used a glass slide for his guitar solo. Taylor sang all the backing vocals, and used a Vocoder throughout the song. Most of the song is made out of electronics and synthesisers.
"Tear It Up" is May's song, and the demo features him doing the vocals instead of Mercury. It was written as an attempt to revive Queen's old sound. It features stomping percussion similar to "We Will Rock You" that drives the song. When performed live during The Magic Tour, May would play the intro from "Liar" then go into the beginning of the song.
"It's a Hard Life" is one of May and Taylor's favourite songs from Mercury (although they admitted that they hated the video). May contributed with some of the lyrics, and the intro was based on Ruggiero Leoncavallo's "Vesti la giubba", an aria from his opera Pagliacci. Mercury played piano and did most of the vocals, and conducted May about the scales he should use for the solo, described by May in the guitar program Star Licks as very "Bohemian Rhapsody"-esque.
"Man on the Prowl" is a three-chord rockabilly Mercury composition (similar to "Crazy Little Thing Called Love") in which Mandel plays the piano ending. Note that "Tear It Up", "It's a Hard Life" and this song are free of synthesisers. May played the solo using a Fender Telecaster. This was planned as the fifth and final single from the album and promotional copies were indeed pressed (QUEEN 5) and sent out (b/w "Keep Passing the Open Windows"), but the band opted for a Christmas single ("Thank God It's Christmas").
"Machines (Or 'Back to Humans')" came up as an idea by Taylor, and May collaborated with him and finished it. Producer Reinhold Mack programmed the synth-"demolition" using a Fairlight CMI II Sampler, and the song is sung as a duet between a double-tracked Mercury (singing in harmony with himself), and a robotic Taylor (using a Roland VP330 Vocoder). The instrumental remix of the song samples parts of "Ogre Battle" from Queen's second album Queen II, "Flash" and Larry Lurex's "Goin' Back" (in fact Queen (without Deacon) under a pseudonym). This song, along with "Radio Ga Ga" are some of the heaviest uses of electronics on the album.
"I Want to Break Free" was written by Deacon out of frustration. This pop song is best known probably because of its controversial video, featuring all four Queen members dressed up as women, in a parody of the British soap opera Coronation Street. The idea for the clip was Taylor's. Mercury commented that 'Everybody ran into their frocks'. Deacon, the song's author, insisted he didn't want a guitar solo on the track so a synth solo was played by Mandel – live, however, May played the solo on guitar. The version used for the single and the promotional video includes an opening and instrumental bridge (after the synth solo) not part of the original mix.
"Keep Passing the Open Windows" was written by Mercury in 1983 for the film version of The Hotel New Hampshire, based on a novel by John Irving. The phrase is mentioned on a number of occasions throughout the film and was, according to the opening credits, also co-produced by the band's manager Jim Beach, who changed it in order to suit the album mood better. Mercury played piano and synths and wrote the lyrics after reading the quote in the book.
"Hammer to Fall" is May's other rock song on the album. Live versions were considerably faster and he sang it in his solo tours as well. Synths are played by Mandel and most of vocal harmonies were recorded by May himself, particularly in the bridge (save for "oh no" which is Taylor). The song harks back to the Queen of old, with a song being built around a hard angular and muscular riff. The song features Mercury on lead vocals, doing a call and response with May, who sings the chorus. The song's music video directed by David Mallet, contains footage of a performance of the song in Brussels.
"Is This the World We Created...?" was written in Munich after Mercury and May watched the news of poverty in Africa; the song was performed at Live Aid as an encore. Mercury wrote most of the lyrics and May wrote the chords and made small lyrical contributions. The song was recorded with an Ovation but live May used Taylor's Gibson Chet Atkins CE nylon-stringed guitar. A piano was tracked at the recording sessions for this song, but ultimately not included in the final mix. Originally, a Mercury composition,"There Must Be More to Life Than This" (which was around since the Hot Space sessions and finally ended up on his solo album Mr. Bad Guy) was supposed to be the album's last track.
- Freddie Mercury: lead and backing vocals, piano, keyboards, programming
- Brian May: lead and acoustic guitars, backing vocals, keyboards, lead vocals on bridge of "I Go Crazy", programming
- Roger Taylor: drums, electronic drums, backing vocals, keyboards, Vocoder, programming
- John Deacon: bass guitar, rhythm and acoustic guitars, keyboards, programming
- Additional personnel
- Fred Mandel: keyboards, piano, programming, keyboard solo on "I Want to Break Free"
- Mack: Fairlight CMI programming on "Machines", engineering
- Mike Beiriger: additional engineering
- Stefan Wissnet: additional engineering
- Ed Delena: additional engineering
- Bill Smith: sleeve design
- George Hurrell: photography
For the first and only time in their career, all the songs (and one non-album track, "I Go Crazy") from a Queen album were used as either A-sides or B-sides on singles. Starting with this album, the group began issuing singles in the UK under their own catalogue numbers.
|Number||Format||A-side||B-side||Released date (UK)|
|QUEEN 1||(7" Single)||"Radio Ga Ga"||"I Go Crazy"||—|
|12QUEEN 1||(12" Single)||"Radio Ga Ga (Extended Version)"||"Radio Ga Ga (Instrumental Version)"/"I Go Crazy"||23 January 1984|
|QUEEN 2||(7" Single)||"I Want to Break Free (Single Mix)"||"Machines (or 'Back to Humans')"||—|
|12QUEEN 2||(12" Single)||"I Want to Break Free (Extended Mix)"||"Machines (or 'Back to Humans')"||2 April 1984|
|QUEEN 3||(7" Single)||"It's a Hard Life"||"Is This the World We Created...?"||—|
|12QUEEN 3||(12" Single)||"It's a Hard Life"||"Is This the World We Created...?"||16 July 1984|
|QUEEN 4||(7" Single)||"Hammer to Fall (Headbanger's Mix Edit)"||"Tear It Up"||—|
|12QUEEN 4||(12" Single)||"Hammer to Fall (Headbanger's Mix)"||"Tear It Up"||10 September 1984|
|QUEEN 5||(7" Single)||"Thank God It's Christmas" (non-album track)||"Man on the Prowl"/"Keep Passing the Open Windows"||—|
|12QUEEN 5||(12" Single)||"Thank God It's Christmas"||"Man on the Prowl (Extended Version)"/"Keep Passing the Open Windows (Extended Version)"||26 November 1984|
|US 7" Single & Cassette Single||"Radio Ga Ga (US Single Edit)"||"I Go Crazy"|
|US Promo 7" Single||"I Want to Break Free (Single Mix)"||"I Want to Break Free (Special 7" Single Edit)"|
|US 7" Single & Cassette Single||"I Want to Break Free (Single Mix)"||"Machines (or 'Back to Humans') (Instrumental Version)"|
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||Platinum||50,000x|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||100,000^|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Platinum||50,000x|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||650,000|
|United States (RIAA)||Gold||500,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
- "Queen - 05-14-1984 - The Works - People Weekly". Queen Archives. 14 May 1984. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- Puterbaugh, Parke (12 April 1984). "The Works". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- "Queen – 02-25-1984 – The Works – Sounds". Queen Archives. 25 February 1984. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- "Queen Biography 1984". Queenzone.com. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- Queen Biography 1984 Queen Zone. Retrieved 11 July 2011
- Live Aid: Hammer to Fall Ultimate Queen. Retrieved 11 July 2011
- Queen live on tour: Magic tour Queen Concerts. Retrieved 11 July 2011
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – The Works" (ASP) (in German). austriancharts.at. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – The Works" (ASP) (in French). ultratop.be/fr. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- "Results – RPM – Library and Archives Canada" (PHP). Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – The Works" (ASP). Hung Medien (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- "InfoDisc : Tous les Albums classés par Artiste > Choisir Un Artiste Dans la Liste : Queen" (PHP) (in French). infodisc.fr. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "Hit Parade Italia – Gli album più venduti del 1984" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- a-クイーン "– Yamachan Land (Archives of the Japanese record charts) – Albums Chart Daijiten – Queen" (in Japanese). 30 December 2007. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – The Works" (ASP). Hung Medien. Recoding Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – The Works" (ASP). Hung Medien. VG-lista. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – The Works" (ASP). swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – The Works" (ASP). hitparade.ch. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- "Queen – The Works" (PHP). Chart Stats. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- "Queen". AllMusic. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- "charts.de" (ASP). charts.de. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- "Queen - The Works" (in Dutch). ultratop.be/nl. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- GAON ALBUM CHART : 2011년 9월 (in Korean). gaonchart.co.kr. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- "Austriancharts.st – Jahreshitparade 1984". Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
- "Top 100 Albums of 1984". RPM. 5 January 1985. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Les Albums (CD) de 1984 par InfoDisc" (PHP) (in French). infodisc.fr. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
- "Complete UK Year-End Album Charts". Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- "Austriancharts.at – Bestenlisten – 80-er album" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
- "Austrian album certifications – Queen – The Works" (in German). IFPI Austria. Enter Queen in the field Interpret. Enter The Works in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
- "Canadian album certifications – Queen – The Works". Music Canada.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Queen; 'The Works')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
- "Dutch album certifications – Queen – The Works" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers.
- "Polish album certifications – Queen – The Works" (in Polish). Polish Producers of Audio and Video (ZPAV).
- "Solo Exitos 1959-2002 Ano A Ano: Certificados 1979-1990". Iberautor Promociones Culturales. ISBN 8480486392.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Queen; 'The Works')". Hung Medien.
- "British album certifications – Queen – The Works". British Phonographic Industry. Enter The Works in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- "American album certifications – Queen – The Works". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- Queen official website: Discography: The Works: includes lyrics of "It's a Hard Life", "Man on the Prowl", "Machines (Or 'Back to Humans'), "Keep Passing the Open Windows".
- Lyrics of "Tear it Up" at Queen official website (from Queen Rocks)
- Lyrics of "I Go Crazy" at Queen official website (from The Singles Collection Volume 2)
- Lyrics of Live Magic versions of "I Want to Break Free", "Is This the World We Created...?", and "Radio Ga Ga" at Queen official website
- Official video of "Is This the World We Created...?" (Live at Wembley) on YouTube
The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking by Roger Waters
|Dutch Mega Chart number-one album
2 June 1984
Seven and the Ragged Tiger by Duran Duran