Isa Khan Niazi

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Isa Khan Niazi
Died 16th Century
Nationality Pashtun
Occupation Noble
Isa Khan's Tomb

Isa Khan Niazi (Pashto: عیسی خان نيازي‎) was an Afghan noble in the court of Sher Shah Suri and his son Islam Shah Suri, of the Sur dynasty, who fought the Mughal Empire.

Isa khan Niazi was born in 1453 and his last brother was born in 1478. He died in 1548 at the age of 95 in Delhi. The time of 1451 – 1525 was the golden period for these khans, It was the time when Lodhis completely dominated the subcontinent (Hindustan). Isa Khan Niazi was a prominent member among the ruling family. Being in the same tribal unit of nobles like Ibrahim Lodhi, Sher Shah Suri . The large part of these families was attached with Delhi Derbar.

In the honour of great war of Haybat Khan Sher Shah Suri awarded Isa Khan Niazi a title Azam – e – Hyumayoo and also made him governor of Multan. He sent him to Multan in area Pergani Kuchi (present Mianwali) there were great confusion build up between Haybat Khan Niazi (father genealogy of habit is given bhumbra’s genealogy) and Sher Shah Suri and this confusion ended with mutiny.[clarification needed]

Isa Khan's tomb complex[edit]

Isa Khan's mosque, across his tomb in the Humayun's Tomb complex.

Tomb of Isa Khan[edit]

Isa Khan's tomb was built during his lifetime ca 1547-48 AD, is situated near the Mughal Emperor Humayun's Tomb complex in Delhi which was built later, between 1562-1571 AD. Built within an enclosed octagonal garden, it bears a striking resemblance to other tombs of Sur dynasty monuments in the Lodhi Gardens. This octagonal tomb has distinct ornamentation in the form of canopies, glazed tiles and lattice screens and a deep veranda, around it supported by pillars. It stand south of the Bu Halima garden just as visitors enter the complex. An inscription on a red sandstone slab indicated that the tomb is of Masnad Ali Isa Khan, son of Niyaz Aghwan, the Chief chamberlain, and was built during the reign of Islam Shah Suri, son of Sher Shah, in 1547-48 A.D.[1] On 5 August 2011 the restoration work on this tomb in New Delhi led to the discovery of the India's oldest sunken garden. Isa Khan’s garden tomb in the enclosed area of Humayun’s Tomb World Heritage Site in the Capital of India can now be considered the earliest example of a sunken garden in India – attached to a tomb – a concept later developed at Akbar’s Tomb and at the Taj Mahal.[2]

Mosque of Isa Khan[edit]

At the edge of the complex, across from the tomb, lies a mosque with noticeable mehrabs. It is known as Isa Khan's Mosque, and was built along with the tomb. Many of the architectural details present in these structures can be seen further evolved in the main Humayun's tomb, though on a much grander scale, such as the tomb being placed in a walled garden enclosure.[3]