Isaac Israëls - Self-portrait with a painting of the Javanese prince Jodjana, oil on canvas, 1919
February 3, 1865|
|Died||October 7, 1934
The Hague, Netherlands
|Patrons||Jozef Israëls (father)|
Between 1880 and 1882 he studied at the Royal Academy of Art, The Hague, where he met George Hendrik Breitner who was to become a lifelong friend. In 1881, when he was 16, he sold a painting, Bugle Practice, even before it was finished to the artist and collector Hendrik Willem Mesdag. Two portraits he made in the same year of his grandmother and a family friend, Nannette Enthoven (below), attest the technical ability he had attained by that age. Starting 1878, Israëls made annual visits to the Salon des Artistes Français with his father and in 1882 made his debut there with Military Burial. In the 1885 Salon he received an honourable mention for his Transport of Colonial Soldiers. At this time he was reading Émile Zola, as was Breitner, and following his triumph at the Salon he spent a year travelling in the Belgian mining districts and elsewhere.
Beginning 1886, Israëls lived in Amsterdam and registered with Breitner at the Royal Academy of Visual Arts to complete his schooling. Both of them, however, quickly abandoned the academy for the more progressive circle of the Tachtigers, an influential group of writers and artists of the time. This was a group that insisted style must reflect content and that emotionally charged subjects can only be represented by an equally intense technique. Influenced by this philosophy, Israëls became a painter of the streets, cafes, and cabarets of Amsterdam. At this time he met the Dutch engraver and painter Willem de Zwart who also became a lifelong friend.
He often spent his summers with his father in the Dutch seaside resort of Scheveningen near The Hague. Guests included Édouard Manet and Max Liebermann. Interested by the changing light of sun and sea, he painted many colourful seaside scenes.
Towards the end of the century, Israëls was introduced by his childhood friend and portrait painter Thérèse Schwartze to the Amsterdam fashion house Hirsch (fashion) (nl) at the Leidseplein. Israëls portrayed the whole range of the world of haute couture, from wealthy clients to toiling seamstresses, gaining access even to the dressing-rooms.
Israëls moved to Paris in 1904, establishing his studio at 10 rue Alfred Stevens, , near Montmartre and just yards away from the studio of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec whom he admired, as he also did Edgar Degas. As in Amsterdam, he painted the Parisian specific motifs: the public parks, cafes, cabarets and bistros, as well as such subjects as fairgrounds and circus acrobats. Likewise he sought out the fashion houses Paquin and Drecoll to continue his studies of the world of fashion. However, he only exhibited once in this period, in 1909.
At the outbreak of the First World War he was living in London, where he found new subjects in horse-riding at Rotten Row and in ballerinas and boxers. He returned to Holland for the duration of the war, living alternately in The Hague, Amsterdam and Scheveningen, where he worked primarily as a portrait painter. Amongst his sitters was Magaretha Gertrud Zelle, better known as Mata Hari, executed as a spy in France in 1917. Her portrait can be seen at the Kröller-Müller Museum. Other sitters included Johanna van Gogh-Bonger and the feminist physician Aletta Jacobs, although he also portrayed ordinary subjects such as girls in the street and telephone operators.
Following the war, Israëls visited Paris, Copenhagen, Stockholm and London. He spent the years 1921 to 1922 travelling in India and the Dutch East Indies, sketching and painting the vibrant life of South East Asia and notably the gamelan players of Bali. On his return, he settled at Koninginnegracht 2, The Hague, , his deceased parents' home, where he remained for the rest of his life, nevertheless making regular trips abroad to London, Italy and the French Riviera.
He died in The Hague on 7 October 1934, aged 70, as a result of a street accident a few days before. His partner at that time was Sophie de Vries.
On 26 April 2005, one of his Donkey riding on the Beach series realised €482,400 at Christie's, Amsterdam. The sale example was almost identical to the one in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (below), but larger and a little more delicate in tone.
In July 2012 the City Archive of Amsterdam organized a solo exhibition to present Isaac Israëls's works in Amsterdam.
Portrait of Nanette Enthoven, oil on canvas, 1881[note 1]
Painting of Mata Hari by Isaac Israëls, 1916
- Portrait of Nanette Enthoven (1852- before 1903), oil on canvas, 64 x 46 cm, 1881, an early work painted when Isaac was just 16 years old. The Enthovens were family friends of the Israëls. Nanette was married to Lodewijk Jan Enthoven, son of Karel Enthoven who took over the well-known steel works Pletterij L.J. Enthoven & Comp. at The Hague. Their cousin Lodewijk Cornelis Enthoven was an art collector who accumulated a significant collection of early Vincent van Gogh paintings that passed into the Kröller-Müller collection in 1920.
- Around 1917 Israëls borrowed a version of van Gogh's Sunflowers (the version now in the National Gallery, London) from Jo Bonger and used it as a backdrop for several of his portraits, of which this example and Homage to Van Gogh (Blue Blouse) are the best known. Isaac's father Josef was an important influence on van Gogh.
- "Isaac Israels and Raden Mas Jodjana: an East Indian friendship" (in Dutch). CODART. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- "Israels, Isaäc Lazarus (1865-1934)" (in Dutch). Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland:1880-2000.
- "Bugle Practice". Netherlands Institute for Art History.
- "Portrait of Mrs. Schaap-Hymans". Netherlands Institute for Art History.
- "Portrait of Nanette Enthoven". Netherlands Institute for Art History.
- "Military Burial". Netherlands Institute for Art History.
- "Transport of Colonial Soldiers". Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo.
- "Transport of Colonial Soldiers". Netherlands Institute for Art History.
- "Note 532, p.299". Van Gogh: The Life.
- Heijmans, Jeroen. "The first two Gold Medals won by Holland in the 1928 Olympic Games were won not in the Olympic Stadium but in the Stedelijk Museum" (in Dutch). SportGeschiedenis.nl. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- "Rode rijder (Ing J.P. Leeuwenburg)". Netherlands Institute for Art History.
- "Ezeltje rijden op het strand". Netherlands Institute for Art History.
- "Ezeltje rijden op het strand (Rijksmuseum)". Netherlands Institute for Art History.
- "Sale 2659 / Lot 179: Isaac Israels - Ezeltje rijden: a donkey-ride on the beach". Christie's, Amsterdam.
- "Ezeltje rijden langs het strand". Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
- "Sale 2716 / Lot 220 : Isaac Israels - A table au Restaurant Le Perroquet, Paris". Christie's, Amsterdam.
- "Seven Photos of Isaac Israels Paintings Exhibition in Amsterdam". Amsterdam: Persiandutch.com.
- Bohm-Duchen, Monica (2002). The Private Life of a Masterpiece: Uncovering the Forgotten Secrets and Hidden Life Histories of Iconic Works of Art. University of California Press. p. 126. ISBN 978-0520233782.
- "Vrouw en profil voor 'Zonnenbloemen' van Van Gogh". Netherlands Institute for Art History.
- ""Hommage aan Van Gogh" (blauwe blouse)". Netherlands Institute for Art History.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Isaac Israëls.|
- Isaac Israëls entry at Netherlands Institute for Art History
- Rijksmuseum website entry
- Isaac Israëls entry in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland:1880-2000 (in Dutch)
- Geheugen van Nederland archive
- Witsenarchief at the National Library of the Netherlands
- Israëls' Gold Medal in the 128 Olympic Games (Journal of Olympic History )
- Seven Photos of Isaac Israels Paintings Exhibition in Amsterdam (Persian Dutch Network)
- Israels Genealogy