Isaac Komnenos (son of John II)

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Isaac Komnenos
Spouse(s) Theodora
Synadene
Noble family Komnenos
Father John II Komnenos
Mother Piroska of Hungary
Born c. 1113
Died after 1154

Isaac Komnenos or Comnenus (Greek: Ἰσαάκιος Κομνηνός, Isaakios Komnēnos; c. 1113 – after 1154), was the third son of Byzantine Emperor John II Komnenos by Piroska of Hungary.

Life[edit]

Shortly before his death in 1143, John II Komnenos designated his fourth son Manuel as his heir, although the third son, Isaac, was still alive. At the time Isaac was conducting the body of his eldest brother, the co-emperor Alexios Komnenos, back to Constantinople.

Manuel had the powerful backing of the megas domestikos (commander-in-chief of the army) John Axuch who took control of the capital before Isaac learned of his father's death and could make any bid for the throne. Axuch was faithful to the wishes of John II, although he is recorded as having tried hard to persuade the dying emperor that Isaac was the better candidate to succeed. Although some of the clergy, the people and the military, thought that Isaac was better fit to rule, he had to resign himself to his younger brother's accession.[1]

In 1145–1146 he campaigned with him against the Seljuk Turks in Anatolia. Although the relationship between the brothers remained uneasy, there was never an open conflict, and Isaac enjoyed the court dignity of sebastokrator. The marriages of Isaac's daughters served as useful tools of Manuel's foreign policy.

Family[edit]

By his first wife, Theodora Kamaterina (d. 1144), Isaac had five children:

By his second wife, whom he married in 1146, Eirene Diplosynadene, Isaac had two daughters:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Magdalino, p. 195

References[edit]

  • K. Varzos, Ē genealogia tōn Komnēnōn (Thessalonica, 1984) vol. 1 pp. 391–398.
  • P. Magdalino, The Empire of Manuel I Komnenos 1143–1180, Cambridge University Press, 1993.