Isaac Rojas

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Isaac Rojas
Isaac Rojas y Pedro Eugenio Aramburu (1956).jpg
Vice President of Argentina
In office
September 23, 1955 – May 1, 1958
Preceded by Alberto Teisaire
Succeeded by Alejandro Gómez
Personal details
Born December 3, 1906
Buenos Aires
Died April 13, 1993(1993-04-13) (aged 86)
Buenos Aires
Nationality Argentine
Political party none
Spouse(s) Lía Edith Sánchez
Profession Military

Isaac Francisco Rojas Madariaga (December 3, 1906 – in Buenos Aires; April 13, 1993) was an Argentine Admiral of the Navy and de facto Vice President of Argentina. He joined the Argentine Navy and had an unremarkable career until the 1946 election of Juan Perón.

Under Perón[edit]

He was Naval attache in Brasil and Uruguay, and later he became close to the influential First Lady, Eva Perón, and served as her naval aide-de-camp until her death in 1952. He was then named head of the Río Santiago Naval Academy (site of an important naval shipyard), though in August 1955, he was persuaded to take part in the coup d'état that toppled Perón on September 19. Credited with leading the Navy during the rebellion, Rojas obtained Perón's resignation and exile by commandeering the ARA General Belgrano - threatening to bombard the YPF refinery in Ensenada (then the nation's largest).

Vice President[edit]

On 23 September 1955 he was rewarded with the Vice Presidency at the Navy's insistence, and remained in the post until President Pedro Aramburu relinquished power to elected authorities in May 1958.

Rojas imposed a staunch anti-Peronist and anti-Communist as Vice President, though he supported Aramburu's call for Constitutional Assembly elections in 1957, overcoming objections from the largely conservative Navy.[1] Peronism was banned, and remained so until 1972.

In 1958 as commander of Naval Operations of the Argentine Navy he was involved in the Snipe incident. He ordered the destruction of the Chilean lighthouse and its replacement with an Argentine one.[2]

Return to Democracy[edit]

Following the return to democracy with the election of President Arturo Frondizi, Rojas remained a vocal supporter of military action to prevent the return of Peronism, and participated in a failed, April 1963 coup attempt against President José María Guido (who was himself appointed in Frondizi's replacement for the sake of preventing a Peronist resurgence at the polls). Following Army Chief Juan Carlos Onganía's defeat of the coup attempt, Rojas was confined to his uptown Buenos Aires apartment, after which he largely limited his contact with the public to occasional columns in conservative newspapers such as La Prensa and La Nación. He opposed the Antarctic Treaty of 1961 and later to the Beagle Channel Arbitration. He was founder of the “Movimiento Pro-impugnación del Laudo Arbitral del Beagle”[3] and was a staunch supporter of the ill-fated Falklands War against Britain, making it his dying wish that his ashes be scattered at the site of the tragic sinking of the Belgrano during the 1982 conflict.[4]

Political offices
Preceded by
Alberto Teisaire
Vice President of Argentina
1955–1958
Succeeded by
Alejandro Gómez

List of books written by Isaac Rojas[edit]

  • "La ofensiva geopolítica brasileña en la Cuenca del Plata",
  • "La Argentina en el Beagle y Atlántico Sur: Parte 1"
  • "Intereses argentinos en la Cuenca del Plata"
  • "Argentina en el Atlántico, Chile en el Pacífico"
  • "Una geopolítica nacional desintegrante"
  • "Memorias del almirante Isaac F. Rojas"
  • "La revolución libertadora"
  • "Memoria sobre la controversia argentino-chilena"
  • "Carlos Pellegrini: su espiritu militar y las fuerzas armadas"
  • "La cuestión del Beagle y de las islas argentinas de la zona austral usurpadas por Chile"

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Potash, Robert.The Army and Politics in Argentina. Stanford University Press, 1996.
  2. ^ See book of Isaac Francisco Rojas, (compiler), La Argentina en el Beagle y Atlántico sur, (1° Parte), Cap IV, section 4, page 131 :"Yo, en persona, llevé a Ushuaia una baliza luminosa, la que en la segunda quincena de abril fue instalada en el islote Snipe en lugar de la señal chilena violadora del statu quo".
  3. ^ GEOGRAFÍA, GUERRA Y NACIONALISMO. LA SOCIEDAD ARGENTINA DE ESTUDIOS GEOGRÁFICOS (GAEA) EN LAS ENCRUCIJADAS PATRIÓTICAS DEL GOBIERNO MILITAR, 1976-1983 by Guillermo Gustavo Cicalesi, 26 March 2009 (Spanish)
  4. ^ The Independent: Obituary - Admiral Isaac Rojas

External links[edit]