Isaac b. Judah

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For a Rishon sage, with a similar name, see: Isaac b. Judah ha-Levi (13th Century, and author of "Pa'aneah Raza").
For a Rishon sage, with a similar name, see: Isaac ben Judah ibn Ghayyat (1030, Spain).
For the Portuguese Jewish leader during The expulsion of Jews from Spain, see: Isaac ben Judah Abrabanel (Lisbon, 1437, also known as The Abarbanel).
For the Tosafist sage, see: Judah b. Isaac of Paris (1166, also known as Judah Messer Leon).
Rabbinical Eras

R. Isaac son of Rab Judah [1](or Isaac b. Judah[2] or YIẒḤAḲ BAR JUDAH,[3] or Yitzchaq bar Judah;[4] Hebrew: רב יצחק בריה דרב יהודה) was a fourth generation Amora sage of Babylon. His father was Judah ben Ezekiel who was his Teacher par excellence,[5] and he debated many Halakhaic issues with him.[6] His father regarded him highly, and would submit statements in his son's name, which was considered unusual, since usually an Amora does not submit statements in the name of their students [7] (but rather, the other way around). At times he would commentate on his father's work.[8]

Biography[edit]

Rab Isaac was born to Rabbi Judah probably at an old age.[9] In his childhood already he was showing signs of wisdom and his wit was more than the rest of his peers. For example, it is storied that when the sages of Pumbedita Academy, debated the law stipulating that a purchase from young children who sold movables to make a living is a valid due to a Takkanah, stipulating if only they have sufficient understanding of the meaning of their actions, then Judah ben Ezekiel pointed out to his son, Isaac, who was about six or seven at the time, as one who may sell movables to make a living. When another opinion stipulating the age nine or ten was brought before him, he replied that each child varies according to his intelligence at certain age, like his son who at the age of six had great intelligence.[10]

He did not marry until a very late age, because his father did not know where to find a family with no Marriage restrictions, until Ulla once came to visit his house and guided him with the signs needed to locate those with no Marriage restrictions.[11] He studied also under Rav Huna,[12] as well as under Rabbah bar Nahmani along with Rab Samuel, the son of Rabbah bar bar Hana, and Aha bar Hana.[13]

After their death he became a student of Rami bar Hama, who was considered an Oker Harim scholar, and would reply to each question addressed to him with reason rather than one relying on a teaching (from the Baraitas) that had preceded him, contarary to Rav Sheshet who would reply based on previous sources.[14] This thinking of Rami bar Hama made Rab Isaac leave his lectures, and go study under Rav Sheshet.[15]

Along with brother, Huna b. Judah,[16] he debated the Halacha with Abaye and Rava.[17]

Family[edit]

His Granddaughter Homa, the daughter of his son Issi, was termed Isha katlanit ("lethal/deadly woman"), since she married three men, all of whom died: Rehaba of Pumbeditha, Rab Isaac, the son of Rabbah bar bar Hana, and Abaye.[18]

Halakhic technical expertise[edit]

Rab Isaac developed a special method of testing Tzitzit of Tekhelet, whether they are painted the right material of a certain Gastropoda's blood[19]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ halakhah.com, tractate Shabbat, 91a
  2. ^ TANNAIM AND AMORAIM, jewishencyclopedia.com;List (Isaac b. Judah (B; 3))
  3. ^ YIẒḤAḲ BAR JUDAH, jewishencyclopedia.com; Article
  4. ^ Wikipedia:Jewish Encyclopedia topics/Y, 10.Yitzchaq bar Judah (Yizhak bar Judah)
  5. ^ Or his distinguished teacher; That is, a Rabbi whom he has acquired most of his scholarly knowledge;(i.e: B. Talmud, Kiddushin, 33a; halakhah.com)
  6. ^ i.e. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Shabbat, 91a
  7. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Shabbat, 151a
  8. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Eiruvin, 80b, 97a
  9. ^ Probably his father died while he was quite young, and so he learned Torah from Talmudic sages, who lived a generation or two generations later - Rav Sheshet and Rami bar Hama
  10. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Gittin, 59a
  11. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Kiddushin, 71b
  12. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Niddah, 17b
  13. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Shevu'ot, 36b
  14. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Erubin, 90a
  15. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Zebahim, 96b
  16. ^ On his brother see: Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Pesahim, 12a, 40a; Tractate Yebamoth, 88b
  17. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Erubin, 84a
  18. ^ babylonian Talmud, Tractate Yebamoth, 64b
  19. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Yebamoth, 42b