Bad Ischl

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ischl)
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Ischgl. ‹See Tfd›
Bad Ischl
Ischl from the Katrin.JPG
Bad Ischl is located in Austria
Bad Ischl
Bad Ischl
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°43′13″N 13°38′0″E / 47.72028°N 13.63333°E / 47.72028; 13.63333Coordinates: 47°43′13″N 13°38′0″E / 47.72028°N 13.63333°E / 47.72028; 13.63333
Country Austria
State Upper Austria
District Gmunden
Government
 • Mayor Hannes Heide (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 162.8 km2 (62.9 sq mi)
Elevation 468 m (1,535 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 13,734
 • Density 84/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 4820
Area code 06132
Vehicle registration GM
Website www.bad-ischl.ooe.gv.at
Bad Ischl, church in the street

Bad Ischl is a spa town in Austria. It lies in the southern part of Upper Austria, at the Traun River in the centre of the Salzkammergut region. The town consists of the Katastralgemeinden Ahorn, Bad Ischl, Haiden, Jainzen, Kaltenbach, Lauffen, Lindau, Pfandl, Perneck, Reiterndorf and Rettenbach. It is connected to the village of Strobl by the river Ischl, which drains from the Wolfgangsee, and to the Traunsee, into which the stream empties.

History[edit]

A settlement area since the Hallstatt culture Bad Ischl was first mentioned in a 1262 deed as Iselen. In 1419 Archduke Albert V of Austria established the local seat of the Salt Chamber (Salzkammer) at Wildenstein Castle and Ischl was granted the privileges of a market town in 1466 by Emperor Frederick III. A first salt mine was opened in 1563, a salt evaporation pond (Saline) followed in 1571.

When in the early 19th century brine came into use for medical purposes, Ischl soon became a fashionable spa resort with notable guests like Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and Archduke Franz Karl of Austria. The Hotel Post opened in 1828 was the first one in the whole Salzkammergut area. In 1849 Franz Karl's son, Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria chose the town for his summer residence.

On 19 August 1853 the engagement between Franz Joseph and Elisabeth of Bavaria (Sisi) took place at the Seeauerhaus, Esplanade No. 10, which since 1989 has been the location of the Museum der Stadt Bad Ischl.

Kaiservilla

In 1854, the Emperor's mother, Archduchess Sophie, gave him the Kaiservilla (Imperial Villa) as a wedding present. The villa became the imperial family's summer residence; Franz Joseph described it as "Heaven on Earth".[2] He also granted a nearby mansion to mistress Katharina Schratt, that could be easily reached via a hidden footpath. In the Kaiservilla on 28 July 1914 Franz Joseph signed the declaration of war against the Kingdom of Serbia, signalling the start of World War I. He left Bad Ischl on the following day and never returned. The villa is still owned by the Habsburg-Lorraine family, although the grounds and parts of the residence are now open to the public.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1869 6,827 —    
1880 7,678 +12.5%
1890 8,473 +10.4%
1900 9,655 +14.0%
1910 10,188 +5.5%
1923 10,224 +0.4%
1934 10,354 +1.3%
1939 10,396 +0.4%
1951 13,422 +29.1%
1961 12,703 −5.4%
1971 12,812 +0.9%
1981 12,970 +1.2%
1991 13,887 +7.1%
2001 14,081 +1.4%
2011 13,939 −1.0%

Sights[edit]

Kongresshaus

Besides the Kaiservilla, the city offers several health spas and tourist attractions like the historic Kongresshaus opened in 1875, the new Kurhaus built by Clemens Holzmeister in 1932 as well as the former residence of Franz Lehár, that he acquired in 1912 and today serves as a museum. The Saint Nicholas parish church was first mentioned in a 1344 deed.

Bad Ischl is also known for the Konditorei Zauner pastry shop, former k.u.k. purveyor established in 1832, and the small Lehártheater built in 1827.

A gondola lift runs from the town up to the Katrin alpine pasture at 1415 m (4643 ft) which offers a panoramic view of the Salzkammergut mountains. The ruins of Wildenstein Castle, that burnt down in 1715, are nearby.

Notable people[edit]

English copper engraving Ischl, Sunday Cloathes, buying fruit, dated 1822

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2013-01-01.
  2. ^ "Official Kaiservilla Homepage". Archived from the original on 13 June 2006. Retrieved 2006-06-03. 

External links[edit]