Ischua, New York

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Ischua, New York
Town
Ischua, New York is located in New York
Ischua, New York
Ischua, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°14′19″N 78°23′10″W / 42.23861°N 78.38611°W / 42.23861; -78.38611
Country United States
State New York
County Cattaraugus
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Alan R. Chambers (R)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 32.4 sq mi (83.9 km2)
 • Land 32.4 sq mi (83.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,503 ft (458 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 859
 • Density 27/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 14743
Area code(s) 716
FIPS code 36-37825
GNIS feature ID 0979096

Ischua /ˈɪʃw/ ISH-way is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 859 at the 2010 census. The Town of Ischua is located in the southeast quadrant of the county. Ischua is also the name of a village in the town. The Town of Ischua is on the eastern border of the county, north of Olean, New York.

History[edit]

The current community of Ischua was first visited around 1812 by Seymore Buton and also visited by Abram Farwell, who would return with his wife Lydia Farwell and their family. In 1814, the Farwells bought a tract of land in what is now the Town of Ischua to build a sawmill on, the community has had continuous settlement ever since that date and the Farwell family have been a part of the history of Ischua for generations since. The Town of Ischua was made in 1846 from a division of the Town of Hinsdale. There was previously another "Town of Ischua" in the county, which has now been succeeded by the Town of Franklinville and the rest of the northern part of Cattaraugus county. When first formed, the present Ischua was known as the "Town of Rice."

ISCHUA was formed from Hinsdale as Rice, Feb. 7, 1846, and the first town meeting was held at the residence of E. Densmore, Feb.24, 1846. The first town officers were Frederick Carpenter, Supervisor; Isaac N. Fuller, Town Clerk; Philo Burlingame, Superintendent of Common Schools; Wm. S. Pitcher, Simon C. Mallory and A. L. Barnard, Assessors; Morgan I. Titus, F. Carpenter, C.C. Hatch and Hiram L. Seavy, Justices of the Peace. Its name was changed March 27, 1855 from Rice to Ischua.

Quarries of good building stone existed in the town to aid the early settlers. The Buffalo, New York and Philadelphia R.R. traversed the town in the valley of Ischua Creek.[1]

The town had several Telephone prefix during the party line days shared with nearby communities such as Franklinville, Allegany and Cuba and including 557- that it shared with Hinsdale. The town had its own post office, in the early days the post office was known as West Hinsdale, then Rice and finally Ischua (zip code 14746) until the early 1990s, when the zip code was abandoned and postal services merged with Hinsdale's.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.4 square miles (84 km2), of which, 32.4 square miles (84 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.06%) is water.

The east town line is the border of Allegany County, New York. Ischua lies upon the east border of the county, a little south of the center, and contains 20,540 acres.The surface is a broken and hilly upland, the highest summits being 600 feet above the valleys. The Ischua Creek, which flows south through the center, is the principal stream, having formed the Ischua Valley. The head waters of Five Mile Run are in the south-west part. The soil is chiefly clay, with a thin surface of mold and some gravelly loam.[1]

Facts about the Ischua[edit]

New York State Route 16 is a major north-south highway in the town, and it parallels Ischua Creek through most of the town.

Genesee Valley Canal[edit]

On 6 May 1836, an act was passed in the New York Legislature authorizing the construction of the Genesee Valley Canal. According to New York State archives, the reservoir supplying the summit level impounded 68,000,000 cubic feet of water. A non-navigable feeder creek carried water to the summit at Hinsdale after crossing Oil Creek on an aqueduct.

Because the Ischua Creek runs north to south to the Allegheny River and the still waters of the Ischua run deep, the town of Ischua was the perfect area to build a dam and utilize the water-way. Routing the canal through the Ischua-Hinsdale area enabled merchants to transport commerce from Rochester to Pittsburgh. Thirteen feeder creeks fed the Genesee Valley Canal.The contract for the culverts on the Ischua feeder, as well as on lock sections 98 through 101, in Maplehurst, was awarded to Joseph T. Lyman and Dauphin Murray on Oct. 11, 1839. The Ischua Dam creating the Farwell reservoir for the Genesee Valley Canal was completed in 1856.[2]

The town of Ischua bought Ischua Dam area, the property located on Route 16 and Farwell Road, that houses the spillway and dam, from Cattaraugus County, for the purpuse of development of this site as an educational area, because of its historical aspect and the possibility of creating a recreation area. Also on the property is one of the Ischua one room school houses built in 1881, and the 'A'-framed house next to it that house the Town of Ischua Historical Society.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Timothy L. Kellner[edit]

Timothy L. Kellner is an U.S. Army sniper with 139 confirmed kills and a large amount of unconfirmed. He follows in the path of sniper legends such as Carlos Hathcock and Chuck Mawhinney, but much like Adelbert Waldron he is mostly unheard of. He is better known for his role as the partner of several more well known snipers. He was an avid hunter growing in the small town of Ischua, New York. Kellner joined the U.S. Army in 1996. Unlike most snipers he is known for his long range marksmanship, but better known for his fieldcraft and ability to hide. In November 2003 he was seriously wounded from an IED in Iraq. He was a celebrated hero returning home. Kellner continues to work with the sniper community today.

Adjacent towns and areas[edit]

The Town of Cuba in Allegany County is at the east town line of Ischua. Ischua shares its south town line with the Town of Hinsdale and the west town line with the Town of Humphrey. The Towns of Franklinville and Lyndon are to the north. Part of the Seneca Indian Reservation is in the town of Ischua.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 895 people, 345 households, and 245 families residing in the town. The population density was 27.6 people per square mile (10.7/km²). There were 496 housing units at an average density of 15.3 per square mile (5.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.21% White, 0.45% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.89% from other races, and 0.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.45% of the population.

There were 345 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 114.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $34,926, and the median income for a family was $38,173. Males had a median income of $28,155 versus $19,306 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,414. About 9.9% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Ischua[edit]

  • Abbott – A hamlet in the northeast corner of the town on County Roads 24 and 87.
  • Cuba Lake – A small part of the lake is at the northeast town line.
  • Fitch – A hamlet in the northwest corner of the town, south of NY Route 16 on County Road 19.
  • Ischua – The hamlet of Ischua is at the convergence of NY Route 16 and County Roads 48 and 81 in the north part of the town.
  • Oil Springs Reservation – Part of the Oil Springs Reservation, Cattaraugus County is in the northeast part of the town.
  • Cattaraugus County-Olean Airport (OLE) – Ischua's Municipal Airport is located east of Hamlet of Ischua on County Road 81. This is a general aviation airport.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Web Page". Ischua_1874_Gazetteer. 2012-12-12. 
  2. ^ "Ischua Dam". www.justluxe.com. 2012-12-12. 
  3. ^ "The Sniper Log Book". snipercentral.com. 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2010. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°14′51″N 78°23′59″W / 42.24750°N 78.39972°W / 42.24750; -78.39972