Isfield

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Coordinates: 50°56′N 0°04′E / 50.93°N 0.06°E / 50.93; 0.06

Isfield
Isfield Railway Station 3.jpg
Railway Station
Isfield is located in East Sussex
Isfield
Isfield
 Isfield shown within East Sussex
Area  7.7 km2 (3.0 sq mi) [1]
Population 564 (2007)[1]
    - Density  190 /sq mi (73 /km2)
OS grid reference TQ451170
    - London  40 miles (64 km) NNW 
Civil parish Isfield
District Wealden
Shire county East Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town UCKFIELD
Postcode district TN22
Dialling code 01825
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Wealden
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex

Isfield is a small village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex in England, located north-north-west of Lewes.[2]

History[edit]

Isfield motte and bailey

The village of Isfield originally grew adjacent to the ford where the London to Lewes Way Roman road crossed the river River Ouse. The village had an active history through the Saxon, Norman eras, when a Norman castle motte was built on the river bank near the church to guard the crossing.[3] Local legend, as recalled by William Wratten, had it that King Harold spent the night before the Battle of Hastings in the village, at his demesne located where Isfield Place now stands.

Isfield became the home of John Shurley (died 1527). Isfield Place is a 17th-century manor house, incorporating part of the original 16th-century mansion of the Shurley family. Its design was influenced by Laughton Place, following the marriage of Thomas Shurley, John's grandson, with Anne Pelham, daughter of Sir Nicholas Pelham of Laughton.

The herbalist Nicholas Culpeper spent his childhood in the village at the home of his grandfather, Rev. William Attersole - Minister at St. Margaret's.

The area was heavily involved in the Wealden iron industry from the 15th century onwards.

Isfield again became a busy place in the 19th century. Much of its traffic was river-borne: coal and building materials, together with other produce, used the Ouse as its transport.[4] A paper-mill and a large flour-mill[5] both made use of the river.

Governance[edit]

Isfield Parish Council is the lowest level of government, above which are Wealden District Council and East Sussex County Council. It is in the Wealden parliamentary constituency and the South East England region for the European Parliament.

Geography[edit]

The parish of Isfield, stands on the flood-plain of the River Ouse,[6] at its confluence with the River Uck and a convenient crossing point, a ford, which the Romans used; the road through the village crosses the Uck by bridge, and the erstwhile Wealden Line did likewise. The main A26 road, while crossing the parish, runs to the East of the village. The land hereabouts is a floodplain of the rivers and streams.

The ancient ecclesiastical parish, which is very similar to the modern civil parish, was 1,822 acres (736 ha) in size. Today's population is relatively small, since much of the parish is rural. The village centre lies adjacent to the river crossing; a more modern part is further south.

Transport[edit]

The A26 road, between Uckfield and Lewes, passes through the parish to the east of village. The remnant of the Wealden Line, the Lavender Line Steam Railway, is based here in the old Isfield Station. There is a campaign to reopen the line between Lewes and Uckfield.

Religion[edit]

The parish church is dedicated to St Margaret of Antioch. Within the church are tombs to the Shurley/Shirley family.[7]

Leisure, culture and sport[edit]

The Laughing Fish is a small public house with a garden.

The local cricket team, WG Gracefully plays in the East Sussex Cricket League.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 26 April 2008. 
  2. ^ OS Explorer map Eastbourne and Beachy Head Scale: 1:25 000. Publisher:Ordnance Survey – Southampton B2 edition. Publishing Date:2009. ISBN 978 0319240823
  3. ^ Geograph photograph
  4. ^ Isfield history
  5. ^ Isfield mill
  6. ^ The Sussex River Ouse
  7. ^ St Margaret's church

External links[edit]

Media related to Isfield at Wikimedia Commons