Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh

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Muslim scholar
Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh
Title Amir al-muʼminīn fī al-ḥadīth[1]
Born 161 AH[2]
Merv, Persia[2] (777-778 AD)
Died Sha'ban 238 AH[3]
Nishapur (852-853 AD)
Ethnicity Tamimi Arab, although most likely descended from Persian mothers, his father's line is Arab, of the At-Tamim lineage.
Jurisprudence Ijtihad
Main interest(s) Hadith,[4] Tafsir,[5] Fiqh[6]
Notable work(s) Al-Musnad

Abū Yaʻqūb Isḥāq ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Mukhallad al-Ḥanzalī (Arabic: أبو يعقوب إسحاق بن إبراهيم بن مخْلد الحنظلي‎), commonly known as Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh (Arabic: إسحاق بن راهويه‎; 161 AH[2] – 238 AH[3]), was the muhaddith, faqih and the imam of Khurasan of his time. He was given the title of "the leader of the believers in the field of hadith" (amir al-muʼminīn fī al-ḥadīth) for his major contributions to the science of hadith. It is said that Ibn Rahwayh memorized more than one hundred thousand hadiths.

He along with Al-Thawri are cited in Lisanu-l-Arab (also spelled Lisan Al-Arab) for taking the stance that once a man marries a slave and has children with her both she and the child are free, and the child cannot be enslaved. This was against the opinion of most Islamic scholars of jurisprudence of the time (see root 3ain, baa', dal, at www.baheth.info). He was also a fellow student and a friend of Ahmad ibn Hanbal who accompanied him on his travels to seek knowledge.[9]

Influence[edit]

After Al-Bukhari decided to dedicate the rest of his life in compiling a book that would strictly comprise of authentic (sahih) traditions, his mission was further strengthened when he was advised by his respected teacher, Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh, to compile such as book. Al-Bukhari stated, "There was once a time during one of our sessions when my teacher Ishaaq Ibn Rahway remarked it would be appreciated if someone could collect ahadith which held strong and reliable testimonials and write them in the form of a book".[10]

Works[edit]

Ibn Rahwayh wrote a number of books on tafsir, hadith and fiqh:[11]

  • Al-Musnad (المسند)
  • Al-Jāmiʻ al-Kabīr (الجامع الكبير)
  • Al-Jāmiʻ al-ṣaghir (الجامع الصغير)
  • Al-Muṣannaf (المصنف)
  • Al-ʻilm (العلم)
  • Al-Tafsīr al-kabīr (التفسير الكبير): lost work

References[edit]

  1. ^ أمير المؤمنين في الحديث
    Al-ʻAsqalānī, Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī Ibn Ḥajar. Fatḥ al-Bārī sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. p. 6. 
  2. ^ a b c Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn, ed., Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 57–59 
  3. ^ a b Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn, ed., Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, p. 208 
  4. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn, ed., Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 78–103 
  5. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn, ed., Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 77–78 
  6. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn, ed., Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 104–109 
  7. ^ a b Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn, ed., Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 110–137 
  8. ^ a b Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn, ed., Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 150–165 
  9. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn, ed., Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 67–70 
  10. ^ قال البخاري : كنا عند إسحاق بن راهويه فقال : لو جمعتم كتاباً مختصراً لصحيح سنة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم . قال : فوقع ذلك في قلبي فأخذت في جمع الجامع الصحيح
  11. ^ Ibn Rāhwayh, Isḥāq (1990), Balūshī, ʻAbd al-Ghafūr ʻAbd al-Ḥaqq Ḥusayn, ed., Musnad Isḥāq ibn Rāhwayh (1st ed.), Tawzīʻ Maktabat al-Īmān, pp. 211–215