Ishkashimi is an Iranian language. Its distribution is in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province in Tajikistan, Badakhshan Province in Afghanistan and Chitral region of Pakistan.
The total number of speakers is c. 2500, most of them are now dispersed throughout Tajikistan and Russia. About 400 still live in the village of Ryn on the border with Afghanistan near the town of Ishkoshim.
Ishkashimi is closely related to Zebaki and Sanglechi (in Afghanistan). This subfamily has furthermore been considered a part of a group of Pamir languages together with the Wakhi language, and a subgroup comprising Shughni, Rushani, Sarikoli, Yazgulyam, etc. However, this is an areal rather than genetic grouping.