Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire

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Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.jpg
Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
Born 16 December 1805
Paris
Died 10 November 1861
Paris
Nationality French
Fields zoologist
Known for teratology, ethology
Influences Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire

Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (16 December 1805 – 10 November 1861) was a French zoologist and an authority on deviation from normal structure. In 1854 he coined the term "éthologie" (ethology).[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Paris, the son of Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. In his earlier years he showed an aptitude for mathematics, but eventually he devoted himself to the study of natural history and of medicine, and in 1824 he was appointed assistant naturalist to his father. From 1832 to 1837 he published his great teratological work, Histoire générale et particulière des anomalies de l’organisation chez l’homme et les animaux.[2] Saint-Hilaire conducted investigations of omphalosites, celosomia, hermaphroditism, etc., and is credited with introducing the term "teratologie".[3][4]

In 1829 he delivered for his father the second part of a course of lectures on ornithology, and during the following three years he taught zoology at the Athénée, and teratology at the École pratique.[5] He was elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1833, was in 1837 appointed to act as deputy for his father at the faculty of sciences in Paris, and in the following year was sent to Bordeaux to organize a similar faculty there. He became successively; inspector of the academy of Paris (1840), professor of the museum on the retirement of his father (1841), inspector-general of the university (1844), a member of the royal council for public instruction (1845), and on the death of Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, professor of zoology at the faculty of sciences (1850). In 1854 he founded the " La Societé Zoologique d'Acclimatation" (Acclimatization Society of Paris), of which he also served as president.[6]

Besides the above-mentioned works, he wrote: Essais de zoologie générale (1841); Vie Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1847); Acclimatation et domestication des animaux utiles (1849); Lettres sur les substances alimentaires et particulièrement sur la viande de cheval (1856); and Histoire naturelle générale des règnes organiques (3 vols., 1854-1862), which was not quite completed. He was the author also of various papers on zoology, comparative anatomy and palaeontology.

Selected works[edit]

  • Histoire générale et particulière des anomalies de l’organisation chez l’homme et les animaux (1832-1837) ;
  • Essais de zoologie générale (1841) ;
  • La Vie d'Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1847)  ;
  • Acclimatation et domestication des animaux utiles (1849) ;
  • Lettres sur les substances alimentaires et particulièrement sur la viande de cheval (1856) ;
  • Histoire naturelle générale des règnes organiques ( 3 volumes, 1854-1862)

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopaedia Universalis Histoire de l'éthologie
  2. ^ Biodiversity Heritage Library Histoire générale et particulière des anomalies de l'organisation chez l'homme et les animaux
  3. ^ Morin A (March 1996). "La tératologie de Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire à nos jours" [Teratology from Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire to the present]. Bulletin De l'Association Des Anatomistes (in French) 80 (248): 17–31. PMID 9004867. INIST:2871815. 
  4. ^ Cultural Teratology: The Monstrous and the Grotesque The Birth of Modern Teratology
  5. ^ Biusante Paris Descarters.fr Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire "Digne de son père" * (1805-1861) par Eric Salf
  6. ^ Google Books Maple leaves: a budget of legendary, historical, critical, and sporting... by Sir James MacPherson Le Moine

References[edit]