|Elizabeth Isis Pogson|
|Born||28 September 1852
|Died||14 May 1945
|Other names||Elizabeth Isis Kent|
Pogson was born in Oxford, England, the eldest daughter of Norman Pogson in his first marriage to Elizabeth Jane Ambrose (d. 1869). She was likely named after the River Isis, the part of the River Thames that flows through Oxford.
Role of her father
Her father was an assistant at Radcliffe Observatory and then at Hartwell Observatory. He discovered the asteroid 42 Isis on May 23, 1856, for which he was awarded the Lalande Prize. The asteroid was named by Professor Manuel John Johnson, director of the Radcliffe Observatory, presumably in honor of Pogson's daughter Isis; it could also have been a reference to the River Isis.
When her father became director of the Madras Observatory in Madras, India, in October 1860, he travelled to his new post with his first wife and three of his 11 children, including Isis. His wife died in 1869, and he relied upon Isis to look after his other children. She also worked in India as her father's assistant. She was given the post of computer at the observatory in 1873 with the salary of 150 rupees, equivalent to a "cook or coach-man", and worked there for 25 years until she retired with a pension of 250 rupees in 1898, when the observatory closed. She later served as the meteorological reporter for the Madras government.
First women to join Royal Astronomical Society
Pogson was the first woman to attempt to join the Royal Astronomical Society, being nominated (unsuccessfully) by her father in 1886. Her nomination was withdrawn when two attorneys deemed female fellows illegal. She was successfully nominated in 1920 by Oxford professor H. H. Turner, five years after the Royal Astronomical Society first opened its doors to women.
After retiring from astronomy, she married Herbert Clement Kent, a captain in the Merchant Navy, on August 17, 1902 in Red Hill, Queensland, Australia. The couple returned to England, living in Bournemouth and then London. Pogson died in Croydon.
- "Marriages: Kent–Pogson". The Queenslander. 23 August 1902. p. 400. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
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- Reddy, V., Snedegar, K., & Balasubramanian, R. K. "Scaling the magnitude: The fall and rise of N. R. Pogson". Journal of the British Astronomical Association 117 (5): 237–245.
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- Hutchins, Roger (2004). "Pogson, Norman Robert (1829–1891)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press). Retrieved 2012-10-22.
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