Iskrzyczyn

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Iskrzyczyn
Village
Elementary school
Elementary school
Coat of arms of Iskrzyczyn
Coat of arms
Map showing Iskrzyczyn in gmina Dębowiec
Map showing Iskrzyczyn in gmina Dębowiec
Iskrzyczyn is located in Poland
Iskrzyczyn
Iskrzyczyn
Map showing Iskrzyczyn in gmina Dębowiec
Coordinates: 49°47′48.99″N 18°44′28.48″E / 49.7969417°N 18.7412444°E / 49.7969417; 18.7412444
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Cieszyn
Gmina Dębowiec
First mentioned 1223
Area 4.65 km2 (1.80 sq mi)
Population (2005) 632
 • Density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-426
Car plates SCI
Website http://www.iskrzyczyn.pl/

Iskrzyczyn [isˈkʂɨt͡ʂɨn] is a village in Gmina Dębowiec, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has an area of 4.65 square kilometres (1.80 sq mi) and a population of 632 (2005).

The village lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia, on one of hills of Silesian Foothills, called Górka Tarnawa, which height is 373 meters above mean sea level.

History[edit]

It is one of the oldest villages in Cieszyn Silesia. It was first mentioned in a document of Bishop of Wrocław issued on 23 May 1223 for Norbertine Sisters in Rybnik among villages paying them a tithe, as Y(I)sc(h)richino.[1][2]

Politically it belonged then to the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz and the Castellany of Cieszyn, which was in 1290 formed in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland into the Duchy of Teschen, ruled by a local branch of Silesian Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became a part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1453 it was bought by the Tschammer noble family.

The first school in Iskrzyczyn was opened in 1898.

According to the Austrian census of 1910 the village had 430 inhabitants. The census asked people their native language, and results show that all of them were Polish-speaking. The dominant religious groups were Roman Catholics with 278 (64.7%), followed by Protestants with 152 (35.3%).[3]

After the World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and division of Cieszyn Silesia, the village became a part of the Second Polish Republic. After German invasion of Poland in 1939, the area became a part of Nazi Germany until 1945.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2000). "Z badań nad osadami zanikłymi na Górnym Śląsku w średniowieczu. Uwagi w sprawie istnienia zaginionych wsi podcieszyńskich, Nageuuzi, Suenschizi, suburbium, Radouiza, Zasere, Clechemuje oraz Novosa". Pamiętnik Cieszyński (Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne Oddział w Cieszynie) (15): 29–37. ISSN 0137-558X. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 294. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  3. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.

External links[edit]