Iskrzyczyn

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Iskrzyczyn
Village
Elementary school
Elementary school
Coat of arms of Iskrzyczyn
Coat of arms
Map showing Iskrzyczyn in gmina Dębowiec
Map showing Iskrzyczyn in gmina Dębowiec
Iskrzyczyn is located in Poland
Iskrzyczyn
Iskrzyczyn
Map showing Iskrzyczyn in gmina Dębowiec
Coordinates: 49°47′48.99″N 18°44′28.48″E / 49.7969417°N 18.7412444°E / 49.7969417; 18.7412444
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Cieszyn
Gmina Dębowiec
First mentioned 1223
Area 4.65 km2 (1.80 sq mi)
Population (2005) 632
 • Density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-426
Car plates SCI
Website http://www.iskrzyczyn.pl/

Iskrzyczyn [isˈkʂɨt͡ʂɨn] is a village in Gmina Dębowiec, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has an area of 4.65 square kilometres (1.80 sq mi) and a population of 632 (2005).

The village lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia, on one of hills of Silesian Foothills, called Górka Tarnawa (373 meters above mean sea level).

History[edit]

The village was first mentioned in a document of Bishop of Wrocław issued on 23 May 1223 for Norbertine Sisters in Rybnik among villages paying them a tithe, as Y(I)sc(h)richino.[1][2]

Politically it belonged then to the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz and the Castellany of Cieszyn, which was in 1290 formed in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland into the Duchy of Teschen, ruled by a local branch of Silesian Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became a part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1453 it was bought by the Tschammer noble family.

The first school in Iskrzyczyn was opened in 1898.

After Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire a modern municipal division was introduced in the re-established Austrian Silesia. The village as a municipality was subscribed to the political district of Bielsko and the legal district of Skoczów. According to the censuses conducted in 1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality dropped from 481 in 1880 to 430 in 1910, with a majority of the inhabitants being native Polish-speakers (97.3%-100%) and in 1890 also a small German-speaking minority (10 or 2.5%), in terms of religion the majority were Roman Catholics (64.7% in 1910), followed by Protestants (35.3% in 1910).[3][4] The village was also traditionally inhabited by Cieszyn Vlachs, speaking Cieszyn Silesian dialect.

After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, it became a part of Poland. It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Poland.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2000). "Z badań nad osadami zanikłymi na Górnym Śląsku w średniowieczu. Uwagi w sprawie istnienia zaginionych wsi podcieszyńskich, Nageuuzi, Suenschizi, suburbium, Radouiza, Zasere, Clechemuje oraz Novosa". Pamiętnik Cieszyński (Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne Oddział w Cieszynie) (15): 29–37. ISSN 0137-558X. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in the Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 294. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  3. ^ Piątkowski, Kazimierz (1918). Stosunki narodowościowe w Księstwie Cieszyńskiem (in Polish). Cieszyn: Macierz Szkolna Księstwa Cieszyńskiego. p. 255, 277. 
  4. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.

External links[edit]