Isla Todos Santos

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Isla Todos Santos

Isla Todos Santos is a pair of islands about 19.3km (12mi) off Ensenada, Baja California at 31°47′59″N 116°47′20″W / 31.79972°N 116.78889°W / 31.79972; -116.78889Coordinates: 31°47′59″N 116°47′20″W / 31.79972°N 116.78889°W / 31.79972; -116.78889 best known for surfing. Access is only by boat, which can be rented in Ensenada, or La Bufadora.[1] The waves off the smallest island are among the biggest in North America. There are no facilities on the islands except for two lighthouses.[2]

Fauna[edit]

The islands are (or were) home to Aimophila ruficeps sanctorum, an endemic subspecies of the Rufous-crowned sparrow, which is probably extinct.[3] It was previously home to Anthony's woodrat, which is now extinct.[4] It is home to a critically endangered subspecies, the Todos Santos Island Kingsnake, of the California mountain kingsnake.[5] The type species of the fish genus Bajacalifornia, Bajacalifornia burragei, was discovered during the USS Albatross deep sea expedition off the coast of Todos Santos Bay in 1911.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Surfing Isla Todos Santos". BajaSurfBreaks. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "Ensenada Isla de Todos Santos". Sailors Choice. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  3. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "'Aimophila ruficeps'". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T. & Castro-Arellano, I. (2008). "Neotoma anthonyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Hollingsworth, B. & Frost, D.R. (2007). "Lampropeltis zonata herrerae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  • Szabo, Khwaja, Garnett, Butchart (2012). Global Patterns and Drivers of Avian Extinctions at the Species and Subspecies Level. PLoS One