Azzoun

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Azzoun
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic عزّون
 • Also spelled 'Azzoun (official)
Azon (unofficial)
Azzoun
Azzoun
Map of path of the separation barrier around the Qalqilya and Hableh-Ras Atiya enclaves and the proposed path around Azzoun
Map of path of the separation barrier around the Qalqilya and Hableh-Ras Atiya enclaves and the proposed path around Azzoun
Azzoun is located in the Palestinian territories
Azzoun
Azzoun
Location of Azzoun within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°10′35.34″N 35°03′34.43″E / 32.1764833°N 35.0595639°E / 32.1764833; 35.0595639Coordinates: 32°10′35.34″N 35°03′34.43″E / 32.1764833°N 35.0595639°E / 32.1764833; 35.0595639
Governorate Qalqilya
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Head of Municipality Ahmed Abdullah Umran Shanarah
Area
 • Jurisdiction 9,130 dunams (9.1 km2 or 3.5 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 8,300
Name meaning Azzun, personal name[1]

Azzoun or (also spelled Azzun (عزّون which comes from the root word "عز" (transliteration: ′Izz which means honor or esteem) is a Palestinian town in Qalqilya Governorate in the northern West Bank, located 9 kilometers west of Qalqilya and 24 kilometers south of Tulkarm. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics census, Azzoun, together with the adjacent villages of Islah and Izbat al-Tabib, had a population of over 8,900 in 2007.[2] The vast majority of the inhabitants are Muslim, with a very small Christian minority.[3][4]

History[edit]

Just north of the village six -seven dry stone towers were examined in 1873. The best-preserved had six courses standing, and part of the roof. The locals stated that they were ancient vineyard towers.[5]

Azzoun was a site of battle - part of Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign in Ottoman Syria. An Arab poet, Ibrahim Touqan was quoted as saying, "by means of Azzoun, how soaked [in] the blood [of] Franks [in the] mother valley."[6]

When the French army marched into Palestine under the command of Napoleon in February 1799, it faced powerful and unexpected resistance from the inhabitants of Jabal Nablus under the command of their local leaders. They attacked the French army while it was marching towards Acre, especially near the valley of Azzoun, taking part in the battle of Tal-Tabur. The participation of the inhabitants and local leaders of Nablus in the struggle against Napoleon reflects a territorial sense in resistance to a foreign army. Ihsan al-Nimr wrote in this regard that “the truth is that [Bonaparte’s] morale was weakened around Jabal Nablus, in the valley of Azzoun, Qaqun, and al-Marj … he headed for Acre with disappointment and without determination” (al-Nimr 1961, p. 223-224). They fought for their homeland and interests. Sheikh Yussuf Jarrar wrote a poem asking the inhabitants, especially the prominent families of Jabal Nablus, to march towards Acre in order to fight the French. (Al-Nimr 1961, p. 210-211). In Doumani’s words, the poet exposes “the cohesiveness of this reign’s social formation and the shared sense of identity among its inhabitants versus the factionalism of multiple territorially based centers of power … The most striking aspect of this poem is what it does not say. Not once in its twenty-one verses does it mention Ottoman rule, much less the need to protect the empire or the glory and honor of serving the sultan” (Doumani 1995, p. 16-17).[7]

In 1852 the American scholar Edward Robinson visited the village, which he described as having 290 males, all Muslim except for one family of Christians.[8] In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Azzun as a "small village lying low on the hill-side, with several wells and olives on every side."[9]

Prior to the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the town had a total land area of 23,496 dunams. Today, the town consists of 9,130 dunams of which 1,209 dunams is built-up area. There are four mosques located in the town. Most of the population works in agriculture and herding (40%) or trade and handicrafts (41%), while the 19% work in public sectors.[10]

In 1996 a municipal council was established to administer Azzoun's civil affairs. The council has eleven members appointed by the Palestinian government. In 2012, the villages of Islah and Izbat al-Tabib were merged into the municipality of Azzoun upon a decree of the Palestinian Ministry of Local Government.[11]

In 2008, the town's unemployment rate was 19%.[10] In 2012, it had increased sharply to 39%.[11]

Demographics[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Azzun had a population of 700, 9 Christians and 691 Muslims.[12]

In 1945 the population of Azzoun, together with Nabi Ilyas and Islah, was 1,190, all Arabs, who owned 23,496 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 5,494 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 1,420 were used for cereals,[14] while 55 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[15]

The major families of Azzoun are the ‘Adwan, Radwan, Salim, Hussein, Sweidan, Zamari (or Zummary), Abu Hanniya, Odah, Hawashah, Tabib, Suleiman, Radi, Mas’ud and Abu Dayyah.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 183
  2. ^ "Population, Housing and Establishment Census 2007 : Census Final Results in The West Bank Summary (Population and Housing).". Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008. Retrieved 2010-06-16. 
  3. ^ 2007 Census - Qalqilya Governorate Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, p.51
  4. ^ Independent Candidate Afaf Shatara and the Palestinian Local Elections
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 171
  6. ^ Azzoun Past and Present Abdul Aziz Arar.
  7. ^ [1] Revues.org
  8. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1856, pp.135-136
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 164
  10. ^ a b Israeli Occupation Forces closes the Northern Entrance of the Azzoun Al Shamaliyya town Land Research Center 2008-02-20
  11. ^ a b ‘Azzun Town Profile (including ‘Isla & ‘Izbat at Tabib Localities). Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ). 2013.
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 28
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 74
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 124
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 174

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]