|• Also spelled||'Azzoun (official)
Map of path of the separation barrier around the Qalqilya and Hableh-Ras Atiya enclaves and the proposed path around Azzoun
|• Head of Municipality||Ahmed Abdullah Umran Shanarah|
|• Jurisdiction||9,130 dunams (9.1 km2 or 3.5 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||Azzun, personal name|
Azzoun or (also spelled Azzun (عزّون which comes from the root word "عز" (transliteration: ′Izz which means honor or esteem) is a Palestinian town in Qalqilya Governorate in the northern West Bank, located 9 kilometers west of Qalqilya and 24 kilometers south of Tulkarm. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics census, Azzoun, together with the adjacent villages of Islah and Izbat al-Tabib, had a population of over 8,900 in 2007. The vast majority of the inhabitants are Muslim, with a very small Christian minority.
Just north of the village six -seven dry stone towers were examined in 1873. The best-preserved had six courses standing, and part of the roof. The locals stated that they were ancient vineyard towers.
Azzoun was a site of battle - part of Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign in Ottoman Syria. An Arab poet, Ibrahim Touqan was quoted as saying, "by means of Azzoun, how soaked [in] the blood [of] Franks [in the] mother valley."
When the French army marched into Palestine under the command of Napoleon in February 1799, it faced powerful and unexpected resistance from the inhabitants of Jabal Nablus under the command of their local leaders. They attacked the French army while it was marching towards Acre, especially near the valley of Azzoun, taking part in the battle of Tal-Tabur. The participation of the inhabitants and local leaders of Nablus in the struggle against Napoleon reflects a territorial sense in resistance to a foreign army. Ihsan al-Nimr wrote in this regard that “the truth is that [Bonaparte’s] morale was weakened around Jabal Nablus, in the valley of Azzoun, Qaqun, and al-Marj … he headed for Acre with disappointment and without determination” (al-Nimr 1961, p. 223-224). They fought for their homeland and interests. Sheikh Yussuf Jarrar wrote a poem asking the inhabitants, especially the prominent families of Jabal Nablus, to march towards Acre in order to fight the French. (Al-Nimr 1961, p. 210-211). In Doumani’s words, the poet exposes “the cohesiveness of this reign’s social formation and the shared sense of identity among its inhabitants versus the factionalism of multiple territorially based centers of power … The most striking aspect of this poem is what it does not say. Not once in its twenty-one verses does it mention Ottoman rule, much less the need to protect the empire or the glory and honor of serving the sultan” (Doumani 1995, p. 16-17).
In 1852 the American scholar Edward Robinson visited the village, which he described as having 290 males, all Muslim except for one family of Christians. In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Azzun as a "small village lying low on the hill-side, with several wells and olives on every side."
Prior to the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the town had a total land area of 23,496 dunams. Today, the town consists of 9,130 dunams of which 1,209 dunams is built-up area. There are four mosques located in the town. Most of the population works in agriculture and herding (40%) or trade and handicrafts (41%), while the 19% work in public sectors.
In 1996 a municipal council was established to administer Azzoun's civil affairs. The council has eleven members appointed by the Palestinian government. In 2012, the villages of Islah and Izbat al-Tabib were merged into the municipality of Azzoun upon a decree of the Palestinian Ministry of Local Government.
In 1945 the population of Azzoun, together with Nabi Ilyas and Islah, was 1,190, all Arabs, who owned 23,496 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 5,494 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 1,420 were used for cereals, while 55 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
The major families of Azzoun are the ‘Adwan, Radwan, Salim, Hussein, Sweidan, Zamari (or Zummary), Abu Hanniya, Odah, Hawashah, Tabib, Suleiman, Radi, Mas’ud and Abu Dayyah.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 183
- "Population, Housing and Establishment Census 2007 : Census Final Results in The West Bank Summary (Population and Housing).". Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
- 2007 Census - Qalqilya Governorate Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, p.51
- Independent Candidate Afaf Shatara and the Palestinian Local Elections
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 171
- Azzoun Past and Present Abdul Aziz Arar.
-  Revues.org
- Robinson and Smith, 1856, pp.135-136
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 164
- Israeli Occupation Forces closes the Northern Entrance of the Azzoun Al Shamaliyya town Land Research Center 2008-02-20
- ‘Azzun Town Profile (including ‘Isla & ‘Izbat at Tabib Localities). Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ). 2013.
- Barro, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 28
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 74
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 124
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 174
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Azzoun.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, Herbert H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Doumani, Beshara (1995). Rediscovering Palestine, Merchants and Peasants in Jabal Nablus, 1700–1900. University of California Press.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1856). Later Biblical Researches in Palestine and adjacent regions: A Journal of Travels in the year 1852. London: John Murray.