Islam and masturbation

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‘Istimna (استمناء) is the Arabic term for masturbation.

Schools of thought[edit]

Further information: Sexuality in Islam

There are varying opinions on its permissibility. It is forbidden in the Twelver school of the Shi'a denomination of Islam and all of its associated subdivisions.[1] It is considered haram according to the Maliki madh'hab. The Hanafi school has a more permissive outlook. According to Ibn Hazm and the Hanbali madhab, it is halal (permissible) only under two conditions: first, the fear of committing fornication or adultery, and second, not having the means to marry.[2][3] Sheikh Assim al Hakeem stated that masturbation is halal but only if one is otherwise definitely going to fornicate.[4] Various scholarly thoughts concluding it being halal include the following:

Ibn al-Qayyim, a 14th century Sunni Islamic scholar:[5]

Next, he cites the opinion of Ibn Aqil on the conditions that make masturbation halaal:[5]

And afterwards, Ibn al-Qayyim said:[5]

Those of the view that it is haraam:

Some have quoted one (1) narration from Ahmad ibn Hanbal.[6]

Qur'an[edit]

The Quran itself is silent on the subject of masturbation, however many scholars have quoted certain ayats that they claim states that masturbation is forbidden.

Ibn Omid Stanakzai, a 14th century Sunni Islamic scholar that Imaam Shaafi'i and those who have agreed with him have concluded that masturbation is haram from the above verse. He says:[6]

"Masturbation is excluded from these two types which Allah has made Halaal, viz. wives and slave-girls".

Under the exegis of this verse, Qadi Thanaullah Panipati writes:[6]

"Imam Baghawi has deduced from this Aayat that masturbation is haram."

Hadith[edit]

Some hadith that are quoted to in support of masturbation being haram include:

A narration attributed to Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood reports:

However, Prophet Muhammad recommended fasting and did not mention masturbation.

Ibn Kathir wrote in volume 5 p. 458:[6]

A narration attributed to Hasan ibn Arfah reports:

It is worth pointing out that Ibn Kathir's works are an interpretative commentary and not a part of the Quran itself.

This is a Daeef(Weak) Hadith[7]

Other quoted material include from Tafsir al-Mazhari vol. 12 p. 94:[6]

A narration attributed to Anas ibn Malik reports:

Quoted from those after the Sahaba

A narration attributed to Sa'id ibn Jubayr reports:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marriage and Morals in Islam
  2. ^ The Lawful And The Prohibited In Islam, Yusuf Al-Qardawi - 1997
  3. ^ The New Arab Man: Emergent Masculinities, Technologies, and Islam in the Midle East, p 168, Marcia C. Inhorn - 2012
  4. ^ iSLAM-Ruling on masturbation – Fatwa sheikh Assim al Hakeem
  5. ^ a b c Bida al-Fawaid ref
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Is masturbation Haram in Islam? What are the things to control this act
  7. ^ Musalma bin Jafar and his teacher Hassan bin Hameed both are Daeef(weak)