Islam and masturbation
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‘Istimna (استمناء) is the Arabic term for masturbation.
Schools of thought
There are varying opinions on its permissibility. It is forbidden in the Twelver school of the Shi'a denomination of Islam and all of its associated subdivisions. It is considered haram according to the Maliki madh'hab. The Hanafi school has a more permissive outlook and Assim Luqman al Hakeem stated that masturbation is halal if one fears comitting zina. According to Ibn Hazm and the Hanbali madhab, it is halal (permissible) for prisoners, travellers and for men and women who have difficulty in finding a lawful spouse, and those who do not do it excessively. Various hadiths concluding it being halal including the following:
|“||Ibn Aqil said : and many of our scholars have ruled that masturbation is makruh (disliked), and never explicitly said he that it was haram.||”|
Next, he cites the opinion of Ibn Aqil on the conditions that make masturbation halaal:
|“||If a man is torn between continued desire or releasing it, and if this man does not have a wife, and he fears that he will suffer because of this (someone like a prisoner, or a traveler, or a pauper), then it is permissible for him to masturbate, and Ahmad (ibn Hanbal) is explicit on this.||”|
And afterwards, Ibn al-Qayyim said:
|“||And the right (correct) for me is that it is illegal, because the Prophet (Peace be upon him) guided one who had a desire, and could not marry, to the fast ...||”|
Those of the view that it is haraam:
- Malik ibn Anas
- Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi`i
- Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man
- Ibn Kathir
The Quran itself is silent on the subject of masturbation, however many scholars have quoted certain ayats that they claim states that masturbation is forbidden.
- "Masturbation is excluded from these two types which Allah has made Halaal, viz. wives".
- "Imam Baghawi has deduced from this Aayat that masturbation is haram."
Some hadith that are quoted to in support of masturbation being haram include:
However, Muhammad recommended fasting and did not mention masturbation.
It is worth pointing out that Ibn Kathir's works are an interpretative commentary and not a part of the Quran itself.
This is a Daeef(Weak) Hadith
Quoted from those after the Sahaba
- Marriage and Morals in Islam
- Is masturbation Haram in Islam? What are the things to control this act
- The Lawful And The Prohibited In Islam, Yusuf Al-Qardawi - 1997
- The New Arab Man: Emergent Masculinities, Technologies, and Islam in the Midle East, p 168, Marcia C. Inhorn - 2012
- Bida al-Fawaid ref
- Musalma bin Jafar and his teacher Hassan bin Hameed both are Daeef(weak)