Demographics of Aruba

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Aruba, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Census population and average annual growth rate
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1930 15,659 —    
1960 53,199 +4.16%
1972 57,908 +0.71%
1981 60,312 +0.45%
1991 66,687 +1.01%
2000 90,506 +3.45%
2010 101,484 +1.15%
Source:[1]

Having poor soil and aridity, Aruba was saved from plantation economics and the slave trade. In 1515, the Spanish transported the entire population to Hispaniola to work in the copper mines; most were allowed to return when the mines were tapped out. The Dutch, who took control a century later, left the Arawaks to graze livestock, using the island as a source of meat for other Dutch possessions in the Caribbean. The Arawak heritage is stronger on Aruba than on most Caribbean islands. No full-blooded aboriginals remain, but the features of the islanders clearly indicate their genetic heritage. The majority of the population is descended mostly from Arawak Indians, and to a lesser extent Dutch, Spanish, and West African ancestors. Recently there has been substantial immigration to the island from neighboring Latin American and Caribbean nations, attracted by the lure of well-paying jobs.

The two official languages are the Dutch language and the predominant, national language Papiamento, which is classified as a creole language. This creole language is formed primarily from 16th century Portuguese, and several other languages. Spanish and English are also spoken. Islanders can often speak four or more languages and are mostly Roman Catholic.

Population[edit]

Population of Aruba in thousands, 1961-2003

The estimated mid-year population of 2014 is 103,400 (medium fertility scenario of The 2012 Revison of the World Population Prospects).[2]

Vital statistics[3][4][edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000)
1952 39 1 958 249 1 709 50.2 6.4 43.9
1953 40 2 002 172 1 830 49.9 4.3 45.6
1954 42 2 015 205 1 810 48.2 4.9 43.3
1955 44 1 916 236 1 680 43.8 5.4 38.4
1956 46 1 918 228 1 690 41.8 5.0 36.8
1957 48 2 017 233 1 784 41.8 4.8 37.0
1958 51 1 968 232 1 736 39.0 4.6 34.4
1959 53 1 836 248 1 588 34.9 4.7 30.2
1960 54 1 916 254 1 662 35.3 4.7 30.7
1961 55 1 838 217 1 621 33.2 3.9 29.2
1962 56 1 787 215 1 572 31.8 3.8 28.0
1963 57 1 657 208 1 449 29.2 3.7 25.6
1964 57 1 556 224 1 332 27.3 3.9 23.4
1965 57 1 420 225 1 195 24.8 3.9 20.8
1966 58 1 230 219 1 011 21.3 3.8 17.5
1967 58 1 151 226 925 19.8 3.9 15.9
1968 58 1 143 258 885 19.6 4.4 15.2
1969 59 1 188 318 870 20.2 5.4 14.8
1970 59 1 234 289 945 20.9 4.9 16.0
1971 59 1 232 292 940 20.7 4.9 15.8
1972 60 1 201 275 926 20.1 4.6 15.5
1973 58 1 003 287 716 17.2 4.9 12.3
1974 58 962 298 664 16.5 5.1 11.4
1975 58 968 286 682 16.6 4.9 11.7
1976 58 941 300 641 16.1 5.1 11.0
1977 59 993 320 673 17.0 5.5 11.5
1978 59 1 058 284 774 18.0 4.8 13.2
1979 59 1 065 318 747 18.0 5.4 12.6
1980 60 1 125 288 837 18.8 4.8 14.0
1981 61 1 051 317 734 17.4 5.2 12.1
1982 61 1 036 313 723 16.9 5.1 11.8
1983 62 1 133 339 794 18.2 5.4 12.8
1984 63 1 169 323 846 18.6 5.1 13.4
1985 62 1 109 334 775 18.0 5.4 12.6
1986 60 1 014 377 637 16.9 6.3 10.6
1987 59 992 370 622 16.8 6.3 10.5
1988 59 949 335 614 16.0 5.6 10.3
1989 60 1 141 372 769 18.9 6.2 12.7
1990 63 1 140 419 721 18.2 6.7 11.5
1991 66 1 157 429 728 17.6 6.5 11.0
1992 69 1 292 424 868 18.7 6.1 12.6
1993 74 1 337 402 935 18.1 5.5 12.7
1994 78 1 315 431 884 16.9 5.6 11.4
1995 80 1 419 504 915 17.8 6.3 11.5
1996 83 1 452 469 983 17.5 5.6 11.8
1997 86 1 457 497 960 16.9 5.8 11.1
1998 88 1 315 505 810 14.9 5.7 9.2
1999 90 1 251 561 690 14.0 6.3 7.7
2000 91 1 294 531 763 14.3 5.9 8.4
2001 91 1 263 435 828 13.8 4.8 9.1
2002 92 1 228 492 736 13.3 5.3 8.0
2003 93 1 244 501 743 13.4 5.4 8.0
2004 95 1 193 502 691 12.5 5.3 7.3
2005 98 1 263 482 781 12.9 4.9 8.0
2006 99 1 359 539 820 13.7 5.4 8.2
2007 100 1 339 533 806 13.4 5.3 8.0
2008 101 1 319 554 765 13.1 5.5 7.6
2009 102 1 254 629 625 12.3 6.2 6.2
2010 102 1 197 619 578 11.8 6.1 5.7
2011 103 1 092 633 459 10.6 6.2 4.5
2012 104 1 140 595 545 10.9 5.7 5.2

Ethnic groups[edit]

  • Mixed African, Caribbean Amerindian and white - 80%
  • Other - 20%

Languages[edit]

Religions[edit]

References[edit]