Islam in Finland
|Islam by country|
Islam is a minority religion in Finland. The first Muslims were Tatars who immigrated mainly between 1870 and 1920. After that there were decades with generally a small number of immigration in Finland. Since the late 20th century the number of Muslims in Finland has increased rapidly due to immigration. Nowadays, there are dozens of Islamic communities in Finland, but only a minority of Muslims have joined them. There are about 50,000–60,000 Muslims in Finland. There is also an indigenous Finnish Muslim community.
The Muslim geographer Al-Idrisi accurately mentions Finland in his works, he also noted that the King of Finland has possessions in Norway .[dubious ] Al-Idrisi also mentions the Port of Turku reflecting the Port of Turku's status as a capital city and major Baltic Sea trading post.
The Baltic Tatars arrived in Finland as merchants and soldiers at the end of the 19th century. They were later joined by other family members. The Finnish Islamic Association (Finnish: Suomen Islam-seurakunta) was founded in 1925. In practice, this society only accepts people from Tatar origin, or Turkic origin in general, as members, excluding non-Turkic speaking Muslims. The Finnish Tatars's Islamic congregations have a total of about 1,000 members these days.
The number of immigrants, and Muslims as well, in Finland rose dramatically in the early 1990s. Soon new immigrants established their own mosques and societies. In 1996 these groups came together to form a cooperative organ - the Federation of Islamic Organizations in Finland. It is estimated that approximately 1,000 Finns have converted to Islam. The vast majority of these are women who have married Muslim men.
|Finnish Islamic Association||1925||Helsinki||567|
|Islamic Society of Finland||1987||Helsinki||1 097|
|Helsinki Islamic Center||1995||Helsinki||1 817|
|Tampere Islamic Society||1998||Tampere||837|
|Islamic Rahma Center in Finland||1998||Helsinki||575|
|Islamic Society of Northern Finland||2000||Oulu||361|
|Resalat islamilainen yhdyskunta||2001||Vantaa||486|
There are dozens of independent Islamic societies in Finland. The oldest one is Finnish Islamic Association which was established in 1925. It has about 700 members of whom all are Tatars. The society has mosques in Helsinki, Tampere and Lahti. The only building established only as mosque in Finland is Järvenpää mosque.
The Islamic Society of Finland was established in 1987. Its members are mainly Arabs, but also Finnish converts. The society has a mosque and Koran school in Helsinki. The Helsinki Islamic Center is currently the biggest society with almost 2,000 members. Furthermore there are a dozen other Islamic societies in Helsinki region, some of them are not officially registered.
Most of mosques are multilingual, but the most commonly used languages are usually English and Finnish. Religious services are held in Arabic.
Muslim majority ethnic groups by language
- Somali language (14,769)
- Arabic language (12,042)
- Albanian language (7,760)
- Turkish language (6,097)
- Persian language (6,422)
- Bosnian language (1,775)
- Urdu language (1,222)
6 Islamic, 15 English, and 76 German coins, latest coin dates from 1006-1029 - National Museum of Finland
- Report on Islam: Finnish Islam arises slowly (in Finnish).
- Finnish Islamic Congregation (in Finnish).
- Some of the mosques in Finland (map)