Islam in Macau

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Islam in Macau is a minority religion in the region. Currently there are around more than 400 Muslims in Macau in which they call themselves as The Macau Islamic Society.[1] According to the Islamic Union of Hong Kong, together with all of the foreign Muslim workers combined (such as from Bangladesh, India, Indonesia and Pakistan), Muslims in Macau accounted for around 5,000 people.[2]

History[edit]

First migration[edit]

Islam has been present in Macau since the Yuan Dynasty. It is generally accepted that Islam were brought to Macau by traders from Middle East and Persia during that time until Qing Dynasty era.[3] Some of this evidence can be found at the Muslim Cemetery nearby Macau Mosque where some of the tombs dated back to hundreds of years ago.[4][5]

Second migration[edit]

During the Portuguese rule of Macau, many Muslims came from South Asia with the Portuguese Army. They founded the Macau Mosque for their prayer place.

Third migration[edit]

During the World War II, many Hui people escaped to then-Portuguese Macau from the Republic of China to avoid the devastation from the war. Many of them are from Zhaoqing in Kwangtung province. However, many of them moved to Hong Kong after the end of world war.[6] Some Muslim also came to Macau from Northwest China after the end of Chinese Civil War in 1949.[7]

Mosque[edit]

Macau Mosque

Macau currently has one mosque, which is the Macau Mosque, located at 4 Ramal Dos Moros in Our Lady of Fatima Parish. The mosque was built in the 1980s by the Muslim people from the second wave of generation during the Portuguese-ruled of Macau. This mosque is specially crowded during Sunday where most of the employees are having their work break days.

Muslim cemetery[edit]

Macau Muslim Cemetery

Macau has one Muslim cemetery, located within the same area as Macau Mosque. Some of their style are of Persian origin. Some of the tombs dated hundreds of years ago.

Muslim food[edit]

Macau first Halal restaurant

There are some Halal restaurants and shops selling Halal food in Macau, both in Macau Peninsula and Taipa.[8][9][10] Macau's first Halal restaurant was launched in 2012, which is called the Taste of India at Macau Fisherman's Wharf, serving Halal Indian and Portuguese cuisines. It took them 3 years to obtain the Halal certification.[11]

Muslim name[edit]

Macau Muslim people usually have typical name such as Fatimah, Soraya, Umar etc.

Muslim majority or Islamic-related organizations in Macau[edit]

Islamic Association of Macau headquarters

Islamic Association of Macau[edit]

The Islamic Association of Macau (IAM; Chinese: 澳門伊斯蘭會; Portuguese: Associação Islâmica de Macau) is an Islamic organization in Macau founded in 1935.[12] The headquarters of the organization is at the Macau Mosque.[13] The Islamic Union of Hong Kong in Hong Kong provides annual budget and subsidy to the IAM so that the association can continue to look after the interests of Muslims in Macau and to propagate Islam in the region.[14] The current President of IAM is Ahmed Din Khan and the Vice President is Fazal Dad.

Peduli Indonesian Migrant Workers Concern Group[edit]

The Peduli Indonesian Migrant Workers Concern Group was established in 2009 in Macau. The group assists the Indonesian workers in Macau, such as explaining about Macau immigration law, employment documents translation etc. The group currently has around 350 members. It offers English classes, computer courses and holds many activities, such as visits to elderly homes, AIDS campaigns, hip-hop competitions etc.[2]

Contemporary issues[edit]

Muslims in Macau are often faced with time availability to pray, because most of them time they have only one break during their working period, which is not enough to hold two daily prayers. Some Muslim women workers also sometimes face difficulties to keep wearing their veil during working time, although this has never been a major issues in Macau.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fazle Elahi Ahmad. "Muslim Population". Islamicpopulation.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  2. ^ a b c "Being a Muslim in Macau: Indonesian community holds triple celebration". Macau Daily Times. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  3. ^ "Macau Mosques - Mosques in China". muslim2china.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  4. ^ "Macau Mosque - Mosques in China". muslim2china.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  5. ^ "Islam di Kota Judi Macau". Fiqhislam.Com. 2013-04-09. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  6. ^ "Masjids & Islamic Centers In Hong Kong". Iuhk.org. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  7. ^ http://www.jmlib.com:8088/datalib/2003/AreaSummary/DL/DL-20031214205555
  8. ^ "Macau Halal Restaurants - Macau Muslim Restaurants - Muslin2China.com". Muslim2china.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  9. ^ "Halal Restaurants in Macau". Islaminmacau.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  10. ^ "Shops Selling Halal Food Items i". Islaminmacau.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  11. ^ "Macau has first restaurant with Muslim food certificate". Macau Daily Times. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  12. ^ http://yearbook.gcs.gov.mo/files/yearbook/2003/myb2003pPA02CH14.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.islamicfinder.org/phone/getitWorld_phone.php?id=36447
  14. ^ "Masjids & Islamic Centers In Hong Kong". Iuhk.org. Retrieved 2014-05-30.