Islam is believed to have been introduced to Malta when the Muslims captured Sicily from the Byzantines in 870. Malta returned to a Christian European power with the Norman conquest in 1091. Muslims were allowed to practise their religion freely until the 13th century.
The vast majority of Muslims in Malta, around 6,000, are foreigners. There is one mosque, founded in 1978 by the World Islamic Call Society, a Libyan governmental association that promotes Islam, and one Muslim primary school.[dead link]