Islam in Mexico

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Minaret in Tijuana, part of the Agua Caliente Casino and Hotel.

There is very little information about the origins of Islam in Mexico, but most sources claim it arrived with either Lebanese or Syrian immigrants and some other Middle Easterners like Egyptians, Iranians and Turks. According to the 2010 census conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), there were 3,700 Muslims in the country,[1] majority are Sunnites, with Shiite and Ahmadiyya[2] minority.

Organizations[edit]

Today, most Mexican Islamic organizations focus on grassroot missionary activities which are most effective at the community level.

The Centro Cultural Islámico de México (CCIM), a Sunni organization headed by Omar Weston, a British born Mexican convert to Islam, has been active in several big cities in northern and central Mexico. In the state of Morelos, the CCIM built a prayer hall and centre for recreation, learning and conferences, called Dar as Salaam, which also operates Hotel Oasis, a hotel that offers halal holidays for Muslim travellers and accommodation for non-Muslims sympathetic to Islam. This group was the subject of a study carried out by British anthropologist Mark Lindley-Highfield of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Aberdeen. Apart from CCIM there is a branch of the Nur Ashki Jerrahi Sufi Order in Mexico City which is often at odds with the traditionalist Muslim community and is headed by two women, Shaykha Fatima Fariha and Shaykha Amina Teslima. There is also a small Salafi organization (the Centro Salafi de México) led by Muhammad Abdullah Ruiz (a former deputy to Weston) and an educational centre managed mainly by Muslims from Egypt and the Middle East, el "Centro Educativo de la Comunidad Musulmana en México" (run by Isa Rojas a Mexican convert to Islam which studied Islamic studies in the University of Medina), within the capital city.

Muslim population by state[edit]

Federal Entity Muslim Population (2010)
 Mexico 3,761
 Aguascalientes 32
 Baja California 190
 Baja California Sur 20
 Campeche 32
 Coahuila 79
 Colima 17
 Chiapas 110
 Chihuahua 78
 Durango 34
 Guanajuato 111
 Guerrero 26
 Hidalgo 38
 Jalisco 248
 México 417
 Michoacán 60
 Morelos 98
 Nayarit 17
 Nuevo León 126
 Oaxaca 40
 Puebla 166
 Querétaro 101
 Quintana Roo 151
 San Luis Potosí 56
 Sinaloa 55
 Sonora 45
 Tabasco 13
 Tamaulipas 63
 Tlaxcala 19
 Veracruz 86
 Yucatán 43
 Zacatecas 12
 Mexican Federal District 1,178

In Chiapas[edit]

The Spanish Murabitun community, the Comunidad Islámica en España, based in Granada in Spain, had strong ties to the Chiapas community. The Spanish missionary Muhammad Nafia (formerly Aureliano Pérez), now emir of the Comunidad Islámica en México, arrived in the state of Chiapas shortly after the Zapatista uprising and established a commune in the city of San Cristóbal. Since then there have been reports of indigenous Mayans and Tzotzils converting to Islam.[3] President Vicente Fox voiced concerns about the influence of the fundamentalism and possible connections to the Zapatistas and the Basque terrorist organization Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), but it appeared that converts had no interest in political extremism.[4] In San Cristóbal, the Murabitun established a pizzeria, a carpentry workshop[citation needed] and a Quranic school (madrasa) where children learned Arabic and prayed five times a day in the backroom of a residential building. Nowadays, most of the Mayan Muslims have left the Murabitun and established ties with the CCIM, now following the orthodox Sunni school of Islam. They built the Al-Kausar Mosque in San Cristobal de las Casas.

Mosques[edit]

The Dar as Salam mosque in Tequesquitengo.
  • Suriya Mosque in Torreon, Coahuila.
  • Dar es Salaam Mosque in Tequesquitengo, Morelos.
  • Tahaarah Mosque in Comitan, Chiapas.
  • Al Kautsar Mosque in San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas.
  • Al Medina Mosque in San Cristobal de las casas,Chiapas
  • Musala Tlaxcala #30 San Critobal de las Casas, Chiapas
  • Murabitun Mosque San Cristobal de las casa, Chiapas
  • Salafi Mosque Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab in Mexico City.
  • Ahlul Bayt Mosque/AMMI, colonia Roma Mexico City
  • Mezquita/ tekke de la Orden Jalveti Yerraji instituto Luz Sobre Luz in Mexico City.
  • Masyid Al Islam Tijuana Beaches, Baja California, Mexico.
  • Masiid Omar, Centro Islamico Tijuana Beaches, Baja California, Mexico.
  • Al-Hikmah Ciudad de México, Aragón, Mexico.
  • Mezquita Euclides Euclides 25, Col. Anzures, Polanco,Ciudad de México

See also[edit]

  • Religion in Mexico
  • KUSUMO, Fitra Ismu, "ISLAM EN AMERICA LATINA Tomo I: La expansión del Islam y su llegada a América Latina (Spanish Edition)"[1]
  • KUSUMO, Fitra Ismu, "ISLAM EN AMÉRICA LATINA Tomo II: Migración Árabe a América Latina y el caso de México (Spanish Edition)" [2]
  • KUSUMO, Fitra Ismu, "ISLAM EN AMÉRICA LATINA Tomo III: El Islam hoy desde América Latina (Spanish Edition)"[3]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]